## Arizona department of economic security form uc 018

When an initial claim for benefits is filed, the Arizona Department of Economic Security shall promptly notify the claimant's most recent. rural America there is a sense of des- 2020 Jkt 019060 PO 00000 Frm 000Sfmt 0634 E:\CR\FM\K08DE7.018 H08DEPT1. social, health, and security measures to apprehend the crisis situation. poll by the National Bureau of Economic Research, upwards of.

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## Arizona unemployment tax forms

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### Forms For Unemployment Tax Arizona Department Of

3 hours ago Adjustment Report (UC-522) - Use this form if you need to make adjustments to employees' wages previously reported on the quarterly Unemployment Tax and Wage Report (UC-018). Bulk Filer Application (UIA-1004A) - Use this form to register/obtain approval as a Bulk Filer with the Arizona Department of Economic Security.

### 1099G Tax Forms Arizona Department Of Economic …

9 hours ago On January 28, 2021, the Arizona Department of Economic Security (DES) began mailing 1099-G tax forms to claimants who received unemployment benefits in the state of Arizona in 2020. Anyone who repaid an overpayment of unemployment benefits to the State of …

### UC018Unemployment Tax And Wage Report Arizona

2 hours ago the Wage Listing Continuation form (UC-020) for reporting additional employees. Your completed (original) form should be mailed or faxed to the address or fax number shown below. Questions about completing the Unemployment Tax and Wage Report may be directed to: Arizona Department of Economic Security P.O. Box 52027 • Mail Drop 5881

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### Arizona Unemployment Tax And Wage System Arizona

7 hours ago Use the Internet Unemployment Tax and Wage System (TWS) to: File a Quarterly Wage Report. Make a payment. View and print a copy of documents previously filed via the Internet. You can use TWS to file reports listing wages for 1 to 34,000 employees, or file zero-wage reports indicating your business had no employees and paid no wages.

### Forms & Pamphlets Arizona Department Of Economic …

8 hours ago Certificate of Understanding (Eng/Span) (UB-99-Y) - This form is to be completed and returned only if instructed by DES Unemployment Insurance personnel to do so. Combined Wage Claim Withdrawal (UB-113) the bank of missouri scott city mo This form is used to request a cancellation of an Arizona combined wage claim. Please use this form only if instructed to do so by DES

### Income Tax Information For Unemployment Benefits …

7 hours ago On January 28, 2021, the Arizona Department of Economic Security (DES) began mailing 1099-G tax forms to claimants who received unemployment benefits in the state of Arizona in 2020. Find more information regarding the 1099-G tax forms.

### Forms Arizona Department Of Revenue

3 hours ago Corporate Tax Forms. 120S Schedule K-1 (NR) Nonresident Shareholder's Share of Income and Mankato state university store Form with Instructions. Corporate Tax Forms. 120V. Arizona Corporate or Partnership Income Tax Payment Voucher. Corporate Tax Forms. 120W. Estimated Tax

### Arizona Amended Return Notice

4 hours agounemployment compensation, use the corrected federal adjusted gross income amount from Line 1 Box C of federal Form 1040X. If the IRS automatically adjusted your federal adjusted gross income, use the corrected federal adjusted Include Form 301 with the amended tax form. Be sure to adjust the Arizona 2020 carryover amount on your copy of

### Individual Income Tax Forms Arizona Department Of …

4 hours ago Individual Income Tax Forms. The deadline for filing and paying state individual income taxes has moved from April 15 to May 17, 2021. The Arizona Department of Revenue will follow the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) announcement regarding the start of the 2020 electronic filing season. Because Arizona electronic income tax returns are processed

### New Hire Forms Employees Human Resources Arizona

2 hours ago W-4 Federal Tax Form - Employee's Withholding Certificate. Read more about W-4 Federal Tax Form - Employee's Withholding Certificate; Employee Personal Information

### Unemployment Employer Arizona Department Of Economic

Just Now Become familiar with the terminology that is frequently associated with the Arizona Unemployment Tax (and Benefit) program.; Discrimination is prohibited! Information about your rights and who to contact if you feel you have been discriminated against may be found on page 12 of the A Guide to Arizona UI Benefits; Employers experiencing a slowdown in business as a result of the coronavirus

### Recipients Of 2020 Unemployment Benefits May Be Eligible

5 hours agoArizona taxpayers who received unemployment benefits during 2020 and filed their Arizona tax return before the March 11, 2021 enactment of the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021 must amend their 2020 Arizona tax return to receive a refund of …

### Individual Amended Return Form Arizona Department Of Revenue

5 hours ago Simplified instructions for full-year residents amending 2020 Forms 140, 140A or 140EZ (Line numbers refer to Form 140X). These simplified instructions are intended for Arizona residents who have adjustments related to the following: A reduction in federal adjusted gross income related to the exclusion of unemployment compensation; Family tax

### JT1/UC001 (12/17) ARIZONA JOINT TAX APPLICATION (JT1)

1 hours ago Federal Unemployment Tax? Yes Attach a copy of the Ruling Letter. 5 Do you have, or have you previously mankato state university store, an Arizona unemployment tax number? No Unemployment Tax Number: Yes Business Name: 6 First calendar quarter Arizona employees were/will be hired and paid (indicate quarter as …

### State Of Arizona Department Of Revenue

Just Now AZTaxes.gov allows electronic filing and payment of Transaction Privilege Tax (TPT), use taxes, and withholding taxes.

### Arizona Unemployment Tax And Wage System

6 hours ago Note: Wage Reports and Payments are timely if electronically FILED before midnight Mountain Standard Time on the quarterly due date.

### Arizona Tax Forms 2020 : Printable State AZ Form 140 And

Just Now Printable Arizona state tax forms for the 2020 tax year will be based on income earned between Daisy model 99 bb gun 1, 2020 through December 31, 2020. The Arizona income tax rate for tax year 2020 is progressive from a low of 2.59% to a high of 4.5%. The state income tax table can be found inside the Arizona Form 140 instructions booklet.

### Some Arizonans Continue Having 1099G Tax Form Issues Amid

8 hours ago Despite Arizona's unemployment agency saying it's working on cleaning up the 1099-G mess, some say they still haven't received new forms so …

### Uc 018 Fill Out And Sign Printable PDF Template SignNow

5 hours agoArizona Department of Economic Security Forms. Fill Out, Securely Sign, Print or Email Your UC-018-Unemployment Tax and Wage Report. Unemployment Tax and Wage Report Instantly with SignNow. the Most Secure Digital Platform to Get Legally Binding, Electronically Signed Documents in Just a Few Seconds. Available for PC, iOS and Android. Start a Free Trial Now to Save Yourself Time and Money!

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### Some Arizonans Receiving Incorrect Tax Forms Due To

4 hours ago Some Arizonans receiving incorrect tax forms due to unemployment fraud PHOENIX - The Arizona Dept. of Economic Security has revealed …

### Arizona Announces Tax Refunds For Unemployment Benefits

9 hours ago The Arizona Department of Revenue will issue refunds to state residents for certain unemployment benefits received in 2020, the department announced. But if …

### Arizona (AZ) Unemployment Information Unemployment

5 hours agoArizona (AZ) Unemployment Information. Unemployment insurance replaces part of the income you lose when you become unemployed. It is a benefit available to workers out of work through no fault of their own. Unemployment insurance softens the impact job c&f home christmas stockings have on communities by maintaining the purchasing power in the area where workers live.

### Pay Liability Notice Arizona Unemployment Tax Fo

5 hours ago Pay Liability Notice - Arizona Unemployment Tax Form AZ-UC018. Towards the end of the month, a teardrop with an exclamation point notification showed up on the home screen in the Payroll section on Pay Liabilities. When I go into payroll it shows the same notification. However, we only owe $4.80, and QB is automatically calculating line 8 and Show more See Also: Free ConverterShow details ### AZ Department Of Revenue Warning Taxpayers Of Unemployment 8 hours ago PHOENIX, Ariz. (KOLD News 13) - According to KTAR News, the Arizona Department of Revenue is warning taxpayers on a new scam, saying residents are receiving unexpected unemployment benefits tax forms. Show more See Also: Free ConverterShow details ### A Guide To Unemployment Insurance Arizona Benefits 5 hours agoUnemployment Insurance for Arizona Workers (UI). This program is provided by State law. As an unemployed worker who worked in the State of Arizona, your eligibility is based upon wages earned in the Arizona base period (see page 3) from employers who were required to pay unemployment insurance tax on File Size: 332KB Page Count: 17 Show more See Also: Free ConverterShow details ### Chapter 13 Arizona Taxes & Unemployment Insurance LLC Just NowArizona LLC Operations Manual. Chapter 13 Arizona Taxes & Unemployment Insurance 2020-10-02T10:35:44-07:00. Section 13.1 How to Obtain an Arizona State Tax ID Number, Use Tax & Employer Withholding Number. If your company has a federal employer identification number (EIN), use that number on Arizona state income tax forms to identify the company. Estimated Reading Time: 5 mins Show more See Also: Free ConverterShow details ### Employer's Guide To Unemployment Insurance Tax In Arizona 5 hours ago You can file your reports and payments online or on paper. To file online, use the Arizona Unemployment Tax and Wage System (TWS). To file on paper, use Form UC-018, Unemployment Tax and Wage Report. DES custom-generates and mails the form to each employer with an active UI tax account every quarter. Estimated Reading Time: 8 mins Show more See Also: Free ConverterShow details ### Arizona Department Of Revenue Warns Of Unemployment Fraud 8 hours ago PHOENIX — The Arizona Department of Revenue is warning that residents are receiving an unexpected unemployment benefits tax form that’s likely due to a … Show more See Also: Free ConverterShow details ### SIDES Home Page 9 hours ago Complete this registration to receive and respond to Notice to Employer (UB-110) forms electronically rather than by U.S. Postal Service when someone you employed files a claim for Arizona Unemployment insurance benefits and you are this individual’s last employer or a base period employer (Arizona uses a base period of employment to determine eligibility for unemployment. See Also: Free ConverterShow details ### Tax Forms For Fraudulent Unemployment Arizona's Family 5 hours agoUnemployment income is taxable, and DES began mailing 1099-G tax forms at the end of January. According to data 3 On Your Side requested, the agency has already received more than 1,600 affidavits Show more See Also: Free ConverterShow details ### Arizona Employer Tax Information Square Support Center US 7 hours ago If you are an existing employer, you can find your UI Tax Rate on the Determination of Unemployment Tax Rate (Form UC-603) that the Department of Employment Security mails each January to all registered employees. Call the Arizona Department of Economic Security at 602-771-6602. You are responsible for ensuring Square Payroll has the correct UI Estimated Reading Time: 3 mins Show more See Also: Free ConverterShow details ### How Does The Arizona Department Of Revenue Work On 6 hours agoUnemployment Insurance Benefits Tax Form 1099-G. The Department will begin mailing IRS Forms 1099-G for the calendar year 2020 no later than January 31, 2021. We will post an update on this page when the forms are mailed out and when UI Benefit payment … Show more See Also: Free ConverterShow details ### Arizonans Learning Of Unemployment Fraud In Their Names 7 hours agoUnemployment is taxable income, and as a result, those who filed for unemployment will receive the appropriate tax forms. However, this also … Show more See Also: Free ConverterShow details ### How Does The Arizona Department Of Revenue Work On 4 hours ago Applying for an Unemployment Insurance Tax Account Number. As soon as you begin business in Arizona, you must register with the Arizona Department of Economic Security (DES) and Arizona Department of Revenue (DOR). You register with both agencies at the same time by completing an Arizona Joint Tax Application (form JT-1/UC-001) and submitting it to the License & Registration … Show more See Also: Free ConverterShow details ### A GUIDE TO ARIZONA BENEFITS Arizona Coalition To End Just Now Listed below are unemployment insurance programs available in the State of Arizona. Unemployment Insurance (UI) - Your eligibility is based on wages you have earned in Arizona from employers who pay the unemployment insurance tax. Unemployment Insurance for Federal Employees (UCFE) – Your eligibility for this program is determined by Show more See Also: Free ConverterShow details ### How Does The Arizona Department Of Revenue Work On 6 hours ago After selecting your tax withholding on the initial Unemployment Insurance (UI) application, you can change your withholding preferences by completing the Voluntary Election for Federal/State Income Tax Withholding form (UB-433). After completing the form, submit it to DES by mail or fax. To submit by mail: Department of Economic Security, Unemployment Insurance Administration, P. O. Box Show more See Also: Free ConverterShow details ### Arizona Department Of Revenue Warns Residents Of 9 hours ago The Arizona Department of Revenue is warning that residents are receiving an unexpected unemployment benefits tax form that’s likely due to a fraud scheme. The department is asking those who received the Form 1099-G for unemployment benefits they didn’t apply for to reach out to the Arizona Department of Economic Security for a corrected form. See Also: Free ConverterShow details ### Arizona Dept. Of Economic Security 1 hours ago Despite Arizona's unemployment agency saying it's working on cleaning up the 1099-G mess, some say they still haven't received new forms so … Show more See Also: Free ConverterShow details Filter Type:All TimePast 24 HoursPast WeekPast month #### Please leave your comments here: ### Frequently Asked Questions ### What is the unemployment tax rate in Arizona? Arizona's 2019 unemployment tax rates generally are to be lower than in 2018, the state Department of Economic Security said Dec. 19 on its website. Effective Jan. 1, 2019, unemployment tax rates are to range from 0.04 percent to 5.9 percent for positive-rated employers and from 6.23 percent to 11.8 percent for negative-rated employers. ### How do you file unemployment in Arizona? How do I file for unemployment insurance benefits in Arizona? 1. Before you apply, make sure you meet all benefit requirements. . 2. Gather important documents and information. Once you know you meet basic requirements for unemployment benefits, collect the necessary information to submit a claim: Social Security number An Arizona driver's . 3. File for unemployment insurance. . 4. Calculate the amount of your benefit. . More items. ### What is the maximum unemployment benefit in AZ? In Arizona, the maximum unemployment benefit is$240 per week, equal to $960 per month. It was intended to replace up to half of a worker's prior weekly earnings up to a cap. ### Do they take taxs out of unemployment? Though your unemployment benefits are taxable, the government doesn't automatically withhold taxes from those checks as it does with a regular W-2 paycheck. That means you have to take action to pay those taxes on your own. You have a few options: Request to have taxes withheld. Источник: https://convertf.com/arizona-unemployment-tax-forms/ ## Partial Shocks on Cooperative Multiplex Networks with Varying Degrees of Noise ### Abstract In many cooperative networks, such as alliance and trade networks, abrupt and intense changes to the state of the system (which we call “shocks”), can substantially change the network. We examine how such shocks affect multiplex networks via an agent-based model, in which agents add, drop, or change ties to increase their utility. At a certain time-point, some agents are “shocked” by changing (increasing or decreasing) the cost associated with tie-formation or tie-maintenance. Our model makes several improvements to previous models, including (a) only a fraction of nodes are shocked to simulate small wars or scattered tariff increases or decreases and (b) agents can make both utility-maximizing decisions and randomly rewire ties to explore the utility landscape. Interestingly, we find that randomly rewiring ties increases the utility of agents, for reasons similar to simulated annealing in physics. Furthermore, we create a novel metric to determine how networks change after a shock and find that the size of a shock and noise significantly changes the network, but only when agents’ incentives for tie-formation are sufficiently high. Together, these results suggest that adding more realism to cooperation network models can give nuanced understanding to network shocks. ### Introduction Social, political, economic and organizational networks often emerge from individual incentives to form ties within and across functional domains, i.e., to cooperate1,2,3,4. Examples include international trade ties, security alliances, friendship networks and organizational ties. These networks emerge because ties serve certain functions; ties form because they benefit the agents associated with them. While each agent in a network may have different reasons for forming ties with other nodes, the collection of ties yield common emergent structural patterns5,6. For example, networks exhibit transitivity, in which allies of allies are allies6. Likewise, international trade networks form trading clusters out of tendencies of states to share trading partners with other states7,8,9. These patterns are similar to other social processes, such as homophily and following social norms10,11,12. We also find that many cooperative networks are coupled such that changes in one induce changes in the other, which we call “spillover”. This implies that seemingly isolated shocks can propagate from one network layer to other network layers within a multiplex network forcing multiple network layers to adapt4,13,14,15,16,17,18. For example, wars may affect the structure of alliance networks and propagate from alliances to trade7,19,20,21. Finally, real-world networks have a large distribution of ties, such that many agents have a few ties, but also a few agents have ties to many other agents. Non-trivial tie distributions are also a strong indicator of non-trivial mechanisms that underlie the formation of a network5. If network ties serve certain functions, then we can reasonably assume that agents use these ties to maximize their individual utility. Under this assumption22, we can create a minimal model to explain the structural attributes of such networks. This model is not meant to reproduce the “true” utility function, or incentives, of a particular social system, but instead provides a simple framework and therefore complimentary to previous models in other fields23,24,25. Cooperative networks may undergo shocks: they experience radical changes in the factors that affect nodal decisions about forming, retaining or dropping ties, as well as evolve in longer timescales1,3,4,15,26. This is similar to how networks adapt to the spread of diseases17. In some cases, networks retain their pre-shock characteristics; in other cases, shocks cause phase transitions that fundamentally alter the structure of these networks. To illustrate how shocks induce changes in real-world networks, we show in Fig. 1 some of the key characteristics of two international networks: an alliance network7,27,28 and a trade network29. An unweighted tie is defined as any alliance, or any significant amount of trade between countries, respectively. Significant trade between nodes i and j is defined as trade (imports plus exports) greater than 0.5% of country i’s total trade. Figure 1 shows how some political events can have lasting effects on the structure of social and political networks. Large-scale wars—especially World War II—result in dramatic spikes in the density of alliances, followed by a return to a more stable level but at a generally higher density than in the previous period. The trade network density spikes after World War II, possibly as a consequence of the Bretton Woods Treaty and the institutionalization of monetary and trade practices. But it returns to “normal” levels in the 1970s, around the time the U.S. eliminates the gold standard. Another noticeable spike took place in the first seven years of the 21st Century, followed by a sharp drop, probably as a result of the global recession. The two World Wars furthermore had a dramatic effect on alliance clustering, especially after World War II. By contrast, trade networks maintained a relatively high level of clustering without any major changes. Accordingly, under the assumption that agents, such as countries, form ties to maximize their utility, we are interested in studying several questions: 1. 1. How do networks evolve given different tie-formation and tie-maintenance incentives? 2. 2. How do networks react to shocks that cause drastic changes in the factors that affect agents’ utility? 3. 3. How do shocks affect unshocked agents? To what extent do the effects of shocks on shocked agents differ from the effects of shocks on unshocked agents? 4. 4. How does noise, defined as non-utility-maximizing decisions, affect network structure? To answer these questions, we extend upon an agent-based model (ABM) that simulates (a) multiplex network formation under a set of conditions that may mimic the emergence of cooperative networks out of a set of individual utility-maximizing decisions to form ties with each other, (b) the occurrence of shocks in a subset of agents, defined as drastic changes in their utility function, (c) processes of multiplex network reorganization following these shocks, and (d) how networks evolve when agents choose to explore their utility function by sometimes rewiring their ties at random. ### Methods We adopt the utility function spelled out by30 (following31). As in the previous study30, we assume a multiplex network composed of two layers. This helps us understand how networks interact with each other19,32,33. The current study expands on the previous one by focusing on partial shocks, which are shocks that affect only a fraction of the agents. This contrasts with systemic shocks, which are shocks that affect all agents, the focus of 30. Furthermore, we explore in greater depth how rewiring ties affects network evolution. This allows us to examine aspects of network reorganization that were not possible given systemic shocks. We elaborate on this point below. The structure of the ABM is straightforward. There are two layers, for example, professional ties and friendship ties, or alliance ties and trade ties. Agents can form ties in any given layer. Let each agent, i, have an associated utility, ui, for the ties it currently has. Then: $${u}_{i}=e{v}_{i}+\sum _{\ell \in \mathrm{\{1},\mathrm{2\}}}\,(b{t}_{i\ell }-{c}_{i}{t}_{i\ell }^{2}+d{z}_{i\ell }),$$ (1) where $$\ell$$ indexes the layer of the multiplex network, $${t}_{i,\ell }$$ is the number of ties of agent i in layer $$\ell$$, z is the number of closed triangles associated with the agent (neighbors of neighbors are neighbors) and v is the number of spillover ties between agents i and all agents j. Finally, ci, d and e are parameter values that weigh each factor in the utility function and therefore indicate by how much one’s utility increases (or decreases) as a function of the number of ties, closed triangles and spillover ties, respectively. The motivation for this utility function is as follows. We assume a uniform payoff, $$b{t}_{i\ell }$$ for each tie, in addition to a cost, $${c}_{i}{t}_{i\ell }^{2}$$, to better represent real networks, such as alliance and trade networks34, where nodes do not all connect to each other. Similarly, there is a payoff for spillover ties to form, which we define as evi, to explain why they appear more often than chance19. Finally, to explain the significant clustering in real systems, seen in Fig. 1 and6, we provide a payoff for triangles in each layer, $$d{z}_{i\ell }$$. The utilities are additive, versus multiplicative, for simplicity. If all payoffs were multiplicative, for example, then the log of utility would trivially have the same form and the utility-maximizing decision in the current equation or in the multiplicative form would be the same. After a time ts, some agents are shocked, meaning their tie cost either increases or decreases: $${u}_{i}=\{\begin{array}{cc}{u}_{i,us} & t < {t}_{s}\\ {u}_{i,s} & t\ge {t}_{s},\end{array}$$ (2) where $${u}_{i,s}=e{v}_{i}+\sum _{\ell \in \mathrm{\{1},\mathrm{2\}}}\,(b{t}_{i\ell }-{c}_{i,s}{t}_{i\ell }^{2}+d{z}_{i\ell }).$$ In our simulations, ci = 0.2 (“low”) or 0.6 (“high”) and ci,s = 0.2 if the initial cost, ci,0 = 0.6 (“low-to-high” or LH shocks), otherwise ci,s = 0.6 if the initial cost, ci,0 = 0.2 (“high-to-low” or HL shocks), which is similar to previous work30. We chose these specific values of ci because they reflect threshold values for low and high cost. When ci = 0.2 agents have an incentive to form a large number of ties (for example with d = 0.3, e = 0.3 and ci = 0.2, the optimal degree of a node is 9 in one layer and zero in another, yielding a utility score of 3.6; for the same values of d and e, but with ci = 0.6, the optimal degree is 1 in one layer and zero in the other, yielding a utility of 0.4). Other values for ci should not affect our qualitative findings. Unlike previous research30, we study what happens when only a subset of nodes are shocked, which allows us to examine how shocked agents and unshocked agents interact with each other and how shocks spread outwards to previously unaffected agents. This reflects, for example, how some people who become parents may have less time to spend with friends. States that increase tariffs may raise the cost of trade for actual or would-be trading partners. A dramatic rise in oil prices may increase the costs of transportation, which may make certain contacts less attractive. By contrast, major technological innovations may reduce significantly the cost of forming ties. For example, social networking programs such as Twitter or Facebook may enable people to communicate online and therefore they need to spend less time in physical contact with friends, which may lead to more friendship ties. In our paper, agents add ties, remove ties, or rewire (both add and remove a tie) in order to maximize their utility. This is in contrast to a previous paper in which agents did each step in order without determining which move was utility-maximizing30. Furthermore, we allow for agents to make several tie offers, or tie drops, at once, to simulate multilateral trade agreements, alliances, or social networks, where an agent may choose to make multiple ties at a given time. In some cases, networks can equilibrate when no agent finds it beneficial to change ties, or no new tie-offers are accepted. Importantly, we assume that tie-formation requires bilateral consent: both agents have to agree (for example, because both improve their utility) for a tie to form. However, ties can be dissolved unilaterally. If an agent believes that one or more current ties adversely affect its utility, it can drop them without the consent of its neighbors. When tie costs increase, agents will see their utility drop, as the increased tie-costs make the existing ties excessively expensive and additional tie-formation becomes counterproductive. In such situations, rational agents must drop some of their ties to maximize their utility. If tie-costs suddenly drop, some agents are faced with new opportunities for tie-formation that did not exist before the shock. In that case, they may find it beneficial to add ties, as they might improve each agent’s utility. We model agents’ behavior via the following algorithm: 1. 1. Agent i is picked at random from a pool of N agents. In the main text, N = 40, but larger N, such as N = 100, produces quantitatively similar results (see Supplementary Figs S1, S2, S3 and S4). 2. 2. With probability 1 − p, repeat N times: 1. (a) i finds the utility of making ties with m ≤ N − 1 individuals at random. 2. (b) Next, the utility of dropping each tie is found. 3. (c) Finally, the utility of simultaneously adding and dropping a tie (“rewiring”) is found, following the same algorithm as adding a tie. 4. (d) Agent i maximizes their utility by either doing nothing, offering a tie, dropping a tie, or rewiring. 5. (e) With probability 1 − p, an agent who is offered a tie will accept it only if it increases their utility. Otherwise, with probability p an agent who is offered a tie will accept a tie regardless of its effect on a node’s utility at this timestep. 6. (f) Time t → t + 1/N. 3. 3. With probability p, do once: a random tie is created and another is dropped at random and time t → t + 1/N. We choose N to represent the approximate number of agents in alliance and trade networks. We also assume that the utility of m agents are chosen at random, to make the fewest assumptions about how agents are chosen. In the Supplementary Text, we also create a “smart” method to choose agents for utility maximization in which agents attempt to assess the utility of their neighbors (to establish spillover ties) bank of america order checks first time the utility associated with the neighbors of their neighbors (to explore the value of closing triangles) rather than to assess the utility of ties to randomly selected agents but the results are qualitatively similar (see Supplementary Figures S1, S2, S3 and S4). After the network reaches approximate equilibrium (ts = 50 timesteps), a shock is applied to f ≤ N agents. For each “shocked” agent, tie-cost, ci, either increase or decrease, as mentioned above. We assume that agents behave in a way that tends to create short-term gain, although more realistic models in the future may allow for agents to make decisions in which they anticipate the behavior of other agents. We observe the network at timestep 100 after creating a shock just after timestep 50. For the rest of the paper, agents check the utility of offering ties to m = 10 other nodes, but the number of nodes shocked, f, vary from N/3 to N, noise, p, varies from 0 to 0.75, while the triangle payoff, d and spillover payoff, e, vary from 0 to 2. We ignore p = 1.0, because the network will trivially evolve independent of the utility function and, because links rewiring at random would create an Erdös-Renyi-like network. In summary, we have 3 parameters in the utility function, the cost, ci, triangle payoff, d and spillover payoff, e, that we vary and two in the agent algorithm: the fraction of nodes that are shocked, f and the noise, p. Smaldino et al. found that networks have emergent “memory” (or what they call “structural entrenchment”)30 when shocks are systemic and there is no noise (p = 0). In other words, when the payoffs associated with certain types of ties (e.g., closed triangles, spillover ties) are sufficiently high, “shocked” networks become very resilient; that is, they retain a structure that is not much different from “non-shocked” networks (or from the pre-shock networks). We extend the previous study by focusing on several additional issues. First, we assess network resilience using a novel metric that determines the degree to which utility and several network topological metrics are preserved. Second, we assess the effect of indirect shocks. Specifically we study how shocks in the system affect non-shocked agents and how these effects differ from the manner in which shocked nodes react to changes in tie-costs. Third, we explore in greater detail how randomly rewiring links can affect network structure, which is modeled by p > 0. ### Results ### Network Resilience We start by comparing the key network characteristics under different levels of shock and noise. In previous work, a resilience statistic was defined for LH system shocks30. In the current study, however, we use a novel metric for shocks to determine (a) the difference between shocks that involve an increase in tie-costs (and thus an expected decrease in connectivity) and shocks that involve a drop in tie-cost (and are expected to result in increased connectivity), (b) the effect of varying the number of nodes shocked and (c) the effect of shocks on several network statistics. The metrics can be written as: $$\delta =1-\frac{N{S}_{0}-N{S}_{s}}{N{S}_{LL}}$$ (4) $$\theta =\frac{N{S}_{s}-N{S}_{0}}{N{S}_{LL}}$$ (5) where NS0 is the pre-shock value of given network statistic (defined below), NSs is the post-shock value of the same statistic and NSLL is the average value of the low-cost (LL) control condition at timestep 50. The resilience metric δ reflects the degree to which a given node (or the network as a whole) retains its properties following a LH shock, compared to its pre-shock properties and to the relevant control condition. By contrast the flexibility θ reflects the degree to which a network incentivized by a HL shock to change, approximates the network property that would have obtained had the network started forming with a low cost. In this paper, we specifically focus on mean degree, mean clustering coefficient6 and mean utility at the last timestep. Jose pablo hernandez gonzalez addition, because our study reflects co-evolution of a two-layered multiplex network and because the utility what is the assure club at everbank field contains a spillover payoff, we create a new metric called mean fraction spillover. Fraction spillover for a given node is defined as: $${S}_{i}=2\frac{\sum _{j}\,\prod _{\ell \in \mathrm{1,2}}{a}_{ij\ell }}{\sum _{j}\sum _{\ell \in \mathrm{1,2}}\,{a}_{ij\ell }}$$ (6) where $$\ell$$ indexes the layers of the multiplex network and the adjacency matrix, $${a}_{ij\ell }$$, is assigned a value of 1 when an edge exists between nodes i and j in layer $$\ell$$ and zero otherwise. This statistic measures the fraction of a node’s total degree that overlap across both layers of the multiplex network. Because the utility function encourages spillover, this metric allows us to determine the degree to which spillover increase in the network versus the spillover payoff, e. Figure 2 displays resilience (upper panel of each subfigure) and flexibility (lower panel of each subfigure) of various network statistics as a function of spillover payoffs, triangle payoffs and number of nodes shocked, with noise set to zero. Three important results emerge. First, as expected, resilience levels decline and flexibility scores increase with more shocked nodes. Second, degree, clustering and utility resilience appear to be more sensitive to triangle payoffs than to spillover payoffs. The same holds for degree and clustering flexibility. Interestingly, the resilience and flexibility of spillover ties is roughly as sensitive to triangle payoffs as it is to spillover payoffs. This suggests that even when agents are rewarded for forming spillover ties, they prefer forming them if such ties also tend to close triangles. Overall, our results generalize the results of the previous study30 to varying the number of nodes shocked using a plausibly more realistic simulation of the dynamics. We find that sufficiently high incentives to form ties increase both resilience and flexibility and that this effect is sustained for partial as well as for systemic shocks. ### Noise We now examine the effects of noise on network structure. Recall that the noise parameter, p, represents the fraction of decisions that are made randomly, as opposed to utility-maximizing. We can interpret this as agents exploring the utility landscape and changing the network in order to find network structures that increase utility most. We varied p from 0.0 (all decisions are utility-maximizing) to 0.75 (three-quarters of all moves are rewiring links at random). Figure 3 displays the effect of noise on utility and demonstrates that, regardless of the type of shock, utility often increases with noise. Moreover, the increase in utility seems to be insensitive to spillover and it has a threshold value of d ≈ 1 for triangle payoff, which is similar to the threshold predicted in30. This results seems to defy intuition. Agents are simulated to make optimal, utility-maximizing decisions. Tie-formation, tie-maintenance, tie-dropping, or rewiring should, at first sight, yield the highest level of utility when noise level is zero, when no agent attempts to reduce their utility. What we observe is just the opposite of this expectation: the higher the fraction of random tie-making, rewiring, or tie-dropping decisions, the higher the utility of individual agents as well as the overall network utility (what Jackson and Wolinsky22, call “efficiency”). However, there is a perfectly reasonable, if somewhat counterintuitive, explanation of this result. In our model, agents are simulated to make myopic decisions. Specifically, each agent selects the “best” (utility-maximizing) tie-formation, tie-dropping, or rewiring alternative in terms of the immediate utility it gets following its own move. An agent will avoid a move that causes it to lose utility at that particular time-point, even though this move may cause it to increase its utility later due to choices of other agents. Consider a typical scenario represented by Fig. 4. In this figure we assume a high tie-cost. In Fig. 4a, agents i and j are connected. For each of them, when there is no noise and arizona department of economic security form uc 018 optimize their utility at the next time-point, adding a tie with k (or accepting a tie-offer from k), yields negative utility. Hence the network in Fig. 4a equilibrates at that particular time-point. Agents i and j do not have an incentive to form a tie with k when it is their turn to move. Agent k has an incentive to form a tie with either of the other agents, but its tie-offers will be rejected by the latter agents. However, when there is some level of noise, k would (rationally) offer a tie to either i or j and either agent might accept (which lowers their utility in the short term). In the next step, if triangle payoff is sufficiently high, the third node has now a rational incentive to close the triangle, as shown in Fig. 4b. Consequently, the network equilibrates in that state. All nodes increase their utilities at the Pareto-optimal equilibrium. Hence, networks tend to equilibrate at Pareto-inferior states under low noise, while the same networks tend to become denser as noise increases and the equilibrium reflects a higher clustering, as shown by the threshold effect of triangle payoffs on utility. Surprisingly, this is similar in spirit to simulated annealing in physics35. In traditional simulated annealing, simulated atoms can either change their state to minimize energy, or with a particular probability, they can change their state at random, which may locally increase energy (when the temperature, the parameter that controls the amount of “noise” in the system, is non-zero). What is non-trivial is that a non-zero temperature allows the system to explore the energy landscape so that it does not get caught in what is known as local minima. Eventually, it can reach either a deep local minimum or a global energy minimum and the state is in a much lower energy than if the temperature was zero (in which atoms changed state such that their energy strictly decreases or stays the same). Similarly, agents in our model are allowed to either increase their utility or rewire at random (therefore making choices that are locally not utility-maximizing). Agents eventually self-organize to create network structures with far higher mean utilities than the noiseless (strictly utility-maximizing) algorithm. Figure 5 shows a typical scenario of the way in which noise affects connectivity and clustering. In this figure, a typical network that forms with a set of fixed parameter values becomes increasingly connected and clustered as noise increases. The implication is that, in cooperative interactions, myopically rational agents can sometimes benefit from links randomly rewiring to simulate agents exploring their utility landscape. This result has potential implications for a wide array of cooperative networks in the real world. Interestingly, we also find that agents take longer to equilibrate with the addition of noise. For example, while no noise produces fast convergence to equilibrium, high noise when tie costs are high and low noise when the tie costs are low, produces the largest increases in utility between timestep 50 and timestep 100 (see Supplementary Table S1). The reason for this counter-intuitive finding requires further study. ### Determinants of Network Statistics In this section, we discuss the marginal determinants of network structure at the nodal level. We ran a number of mixed effect ordinary least squared (OLS) regressions on node degree, local clustering coefficient, fraction spillover and utility, as seen in Fig. 6. To reduce the effect of outliers, we normalize utility by its cumulative distribution function: unorm = P(u ≤ ui), where P(u) is the probability of a given value of u across all conditions and all timesteps. A normalized utility of 0.5 is therefore the median utility value across all conditions. For each node, i and each node statistic, NSs,i, the model is defined as: $$N{S}_{s,i}=a+{b}_{1}N{S}_{0,i}+{b}_{2}({s}_{i}\times p)+{b}_{3}p+{b}_{4}({f}_{n,i})+{b}_{5}{s}_{i}+{b}_{6}e+{b}_{7}d+{\varepsilon }_{i}$$ (7) where a is a constant, bj are coefficients, NS0,i is the pre-shock node statistic, si is the shock indicator function, p is noise, e is the spillover payoff, d is the triangle payoff and εi is the error term (not to be confused with noise, which is a model parameter). Finally, fn,i is the fraction of neighbors shocked: $${f}_{n,i}=\frac{\sum _{\ell ,j\ne i}\,{a}_{ij\ell }{s}_{j}}{\sum _{\ell ,j\ne i}\,{a}_{ij\ell }},$$ (8) where $${a}_{ij\ell }$$ is the adjacency matrix for each layer just before a shock and sj is the shock indicator function. Notably, degree heterogeneity, seen, for example in Fig. 5, is a natural property of our model and is seen in real networks as well5. Quantitative similarities and differences between the model’s degree heterogeneity and real data will be explored in future work. First, we find that the pre-shock values of a given network statistic have a strong impact on the post-shock values of that statistic, regardless of the shock type. Nodes that had high degree, high clustering, or high utility in the pre-shock equilibrium tend to maintain high levels of these attributes. This is the case whether the shock is of the LH type, thereby forcing nodes to drop some ties, or whether it is of the HL types, incentivizing them to add ties. Second, both triangle and spillover payoffs have a consistent effect on network attributes, regardless of the shock type. However, while the effect of triangle payoffs on post-shock network statistics is robust across shock types and across network statistics, the effects of spillover payoffs is less robust and, judging by the beta coefficients, generally weaker than the effect of triangle payoffs. The reason for that is because a single tie may close multiple triangles. A node with degree $${t}_{i\ell }$$ in layer $$\ell$$ may have up to $${z}_{i}(max)={t}_{i\ell }({t}_{i\ell }-\mathrm{1)}/2$$ triangles in a given layer. Across both layers, this may result in a payoff of $$d\,{\sum }_{\ell }\,({t}_{i\ell }({t}_{i\ell }-\mathrm{1)/2})$$. However, the same degrees across layers, even if all of them are spillover ties, can result only in a payoff of $$e({\sum }_{\ell }{t}_{i\ell }/2)$$. This was also reflected in the stronger effect of triangle payoffs on resilience in Fig. 6 above. Whether a node has been shocked has a significant effect on its post-shock network statistics. As expected, shocked nodes in the LH condition tend to lose degree, clustering, spillover and utility. Similarly, shocked nodes in the HL condition tend to gain degree, clustering, spillover and utility. Our work differs from a previous study30 by focusing on partial shocks in order to evaluate how nodes are affected by shocks of neighboring nodes. We used the fraction of a node’s neighbors that were shocked university at buffalo logo an indicator of such effects. We find that the higher the fraction of a node’s neighbors that were shocked, the lower the node’s degree, clustering, spillover and utility under the LH condition and, with the exception of the spillover case, the higher the value of the node’s post-shock network statistic under the HL condition. Noise has inconsistent effects on network statistics. Controlling for other covariates, noise increases nodal degree and nodal utility, but it reduces nodal clustering and spillover under the LH condition. Under the HL condition, noise increases nodal degree, clustering and utility, but reduces spillover. This corresponds to the surprising effects of noise discussed above. Notably, however, pre-shock statistics are higher with noise, therefore controlling for the pre-shock statistic, the additional effect of noise is much smaller. In order to better understand these results, we show in Fig. 7 how the networks statistics vary with noise for shocked and unshocked nodes. We discuss first the effect of noise on nodal statistics under the LH condition. Noise has a negative impact on the degree and utility of shocked nodes but it has a positive impact on the degree and utility of unshocked nodes. Noise also has a negative effect on the clustering and on the spillover rate of shocked and unshocked nodes, but the effect of noise on shocked nodes is substantially negative, whereas the marginal effect of noise on the clustering or spillover rates of unshocked nodes is negligible or insignificant. Under the HL condition, noise increases the degree and utility of both shocked and unshocked nodes, but the slope for shocked nodes is significantly steeper (degree) or marginally steeper (utility). By contrast, shocked nodes lose some clustering, whereas unshocked gain clustering. In the case of spillover, shocked nodes increase their fraction of spillover ties, whereas unshocked nodes reduce their spillover ties. It is instructive to understand why we observe these seemingly puzzling interaction effects. In both the LH and the HL shocks, the effect of noise on shocked nodes is straightforward. Shocked nodes are forced to drop ties in the LH condition, or they are incentivized to increase connectivity in the HL condition. So when noise is higher, their reduced (LH) or increased (HL) connectivity is due both to their rational choices and to their own random moves and their neighbors’ random moves. Consider the following scenario in a LH shock. Two unshocked nodes that did not have a tie before the shock may now have an incentive to form a tie given that some of their previous neighbors who were shocked dropped them. Their options are: (a) continue not to have a tie in the post-shock period, (b) form a tie in a single layer, or (2) form two ties, one in each layer. When p = 0 (the agents behave without noise), 90% of the cases where two unshocked nodes did not have a tie in the pre-shock equilibrium remain in that state at the post-shock equilibrium. However, this percentage drops to 61%, 42% and 26% with p = 0.25, 0.50, 0.75, respectively. Likewise, the proportion of nodes that had no closed triangle fell from 90% with p = 0 to 63%, 44% and 27% with p = 0.25, 0.50, 0.75, respectively. This explains why we see this pattern of interaction effects of shocked/unshocked nodes and noise. In the HL condition, unshocked nodes benefit from the shocked nodes’ incentive to increase connectivity. However, this tends to have strong effect on clustering but not on spillover. Unshocked nodes tend to concentrate their clustering in the layer where they had greater degree in the pre-shock period, thus reducing their spillover as a function of noise. ### Discussion The model presented in this paper offers a stylized characterization of social network formation, network co-evolution and network reorganization following shocks. These results may offer some insights into real-world social networks that are affected by shocks. Changes in life- or family-conditions (children born, divorces, moves to different locations), may have profound effects on friendship groups. However, the pre-change structure of some groups may make them more resilient to such changes than others. In international economic settings, significant changes in import-restrictions may affect both those countries that institute such changes, their neighbors and their non-neighbors. In international political processes, states adding or dropping other states as allies may affect not only the countries that are directly involved, but also third parties that are not part of the diplomatic exchange. Moreover, since many social, political and economic networks are co-dependent, some of our results may add insight to the manner in which such dependencies are affected by various shocks. Our simulations suggest some interesting, as well as some counterintuitive results. Specifically, 1. 1. Network resilience, the degree to which a network retains its properties following negative shocks, increases as the incentives to close triangles and to form spillover ties increase. Likewise, network flexibility, the degree to which a network matches an unshocked network, increases as a function of both clustering and spillover incentives. We also find that network resilience and flexibility are more responsive to clustering incentives than to spillover incentives. This is due to the fact that a single tie can close multiple triangles, but a single tie can only add one spillover unit. 2. 2. Noise tends to increase network connectivity, clustering, spillover and utility for large enough values of d and e. We argue that the explanation of this counterintuitive result is the fact that “random” decisions, that is, decisions that do not maximize a node’s immediate utility, enable other nodes to create structures that benefit not only themselves, but also help those nodes who had seemingly “erred”. In other words, networks that evolve due to myopically rational decisions are benefitted by agents changing network structure to explore the utility landscape, which is analogous to simulated annealing in physics35. Our model is a minimal model of the real world, in which actors can be either non-myopically rational or they can explore the utility landscape, which ends up benefitting both themselves and others36. Brams analyzes the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962 between the United States and the Soviet Union as a game of “chicken”. He argues that both the United States and the Soviet Union avoided a nuclear collision by acting non-myopically. Both counties were willing to absorb a short-term cost in order to prevent a nuclear confrontation, thus resolving it in a compromise that had long-lasting stabilizing effects on the Cold War. 3. 3. Our analysis of the determinants of network structure at the nodal level shows td bank astoria d increases nodal statistics, while e has little effect, aside from increasing the fraction spillover, (b) LH shocks reduce nodal statistics, while HL shocked increase these statistics, (c) increasing the fraction of neighbors shocked affect nodes in ways qualitatively similar to if they are shocked, therefore shocks appear to spread to unshocked nodes, (d) noise increases clustering and utility, but reduces degree with LH shocks and increases degree with HL shocks and reduces spillover, (e) noise levels have different effects on shocked and unshocked nodes in the LH condition, with shocked nodes losing degree, clustering, spillover and utility as a function of noise, whereas unshocked nodes tend to increase degree and utility as noise increases, (f) in HL shocks, shocked and unshocked nodes tend to increase degree. Under a utility-maximizing assumption, our model appears to be a reasonable minimal model of cooperation in a wide variety of contexts. Agents involved in multiple forms of social interactions tend to form spillover ties and closed triangles in order to maximize their utility. Our model provides some interesting and potentially important, insights into the interaction of rational–myopic and non-myopic–processes of network formation and co-evolution. It suggests conditions that affect network resilience to shocks. And it offers ideas about how noise affects network structure both under “normal” conditions wherein networks evolve naturally and following abrupt and significant changes in tie-costs. Quantitative comparisons between this model and empirical data is left for future research. ### Data Availability All code used for simulations and basic data analyses are available on GitHub, https://github.com/KeithBurghardt/MultiplexShockCode. ### References 1. 1. Perc, M. & Szolnoki, A. 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Download references ### Acknowledgements We thank our colleagues on the SPINS project at UC Davis and the Naval Postgraduate School. The research reported here was funded in whole by award #W911NF-15-1-0502 from the Department of Defense and U.S. Army Research Office/Army Research Laboratory under the Minerva Research Initiative. The views expressed are those of td access card online banking authors and should not be attributed to the Department of Defense or the Army Research Office/Army Research Laboratory. ### Author information ### Affiliations 1. Information Sciences Institute, University of Southern California, Marina del Rey, California, 90292, USA Keith Burghardt 2. Department of Political Science, University of California, Davis, Davis, California, 95616, USA Zeev Maoz ### Contributions K.B. contributed to simulations, analysis, manuscript writing and presentation. Z.M. contributed to the design of the study, independent analysis, manuscript writing and presentation. ### Corresponding author Correspondence to Keith Burghardt. ### Ethics declarations ### Competing Interests The authors declare no competing interests. ### Additional information Publisher's note: Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. ### Electronic supplementary material ### Rights and permissions Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. Reprints and Permissions ### About this article ### Cite this article Burghardt, K., Maoz, Z. Partial Shocks on Cooperative Multiplex Networks with Varying Degrees of Noise. Sci Rep8, 13619 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-31960-y Download citation ### Share this article Anyone you share the following link with will be able to read this content: Sorry, a shareable link is not currently available for this article. Provided by the Springer Nature SharedIt content-sharing initiative ### Keywords • Multiplex Networks • Partial Shocks • Utility Landscape • Utility-maximizing Decision • Formal Ties ### Comments By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate. Источник: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-31960-y ## Changes in federal and state unemployment insurance legislation in 2015 One federal law enacted in 2015 affected the federal-state Unemployment Compensation Program. The National Defense Authorization Act (Pub. L. 114-92) provides that a member of the Reserves must have 180 (previously, 90) days of continuous active service to be considered Federal Service, to qualify for unemployment compensation for ex-servicemembers (UCX), and that an individual receiving post-9/11 educational assistance and otherwise eligible for UCX is entitled to compensation if the individual has demonstrated satisfactory conduct; is not receiving retired pay under the Armed Forces; and was discharged or released from service in the Armed Forces of the Commissioned Corps of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) under honorable conditions and did not voluntarily separate from such service. The following is a summary of some significant changes in state unemployment insurance laws that occurred in 2015. ### Alabama Monetary entitlement. Each eligible individual who is totally unemployed or partially unemployed in any week beginning on or after July 3, 1983, shall be paid with respect to such week a benefit in an amount equal to his or her weekly benefit amount, less that part of the wages, if any, payable to him or her with respect to such week, that is in excess of one-third of the weekly benefit amount (previously, in excess of$15). Such benefit, if not a multiple of $1, shall be computed to the nearest multiple of$1.

Nonmonetary eligibility. The pension provision is amended to provide that an individual shall be disqualified for total or partial unemployment for any week with respect to which, or a part of which, an individual has received or has been determined eligible to receive (during a period for which benefits are being claimed) a governmental or other pension, retirement or retired pay, annuity, or similar periodic payment based on the previous work of the individual; except, that

· the amount of benefits payable to an individual for any such week that begins in a period with respect to which the disqualifying provisions of the pension provisions apply, shall be reduced (but not below zero) by an amount equal to the amount of such pension, retirement or retired pay, annuity, or other payment, that is reasonably attributable to such week, only;

· if such payment is made under a plan that is maintained (or contributed to) by a base-period employer and 100 percent employer-financed and not contributed to by the worker; or

· if, in accordance with the pension provisions, any individual is awarded pension payments retroactively covering the same period for which the individual received benefits, the retroactive payments shall constitute cause for disqualification, and any benefits paid during such period shall be recovered only if the retroactive pension payments were made under a plan that is maintained (or contributed to) by a base-period employer, 100 percent employer-financed, and not contributed to by the worker.

Previously, the pension requirements did not require that the pension be 100 percent employer-financed and not contributed to by the worker.

### Arizona

Administration. Two or more public agencies may enter into contracts or agreements to establish a pool that may offer services on behalf of pool participants in the unemployment insurance program administered by the Department of Economic Security, including the option to make payments in lieu of contributions as permitted by Sections 23-750 and 23-751 of the Arizona Employment Security Act. The pool is deemed an agent of the pool participants as employers for the purposes of the Arizona Employment Security Act.

When an initial claim for benefits is filed, the Arizona Department of Economic Security shall promptly notify the claimant’s most recent employing unit or employer of the claim filing. The notice shall (1) contain the claimant’s stated reason for the claimant’s separation from employment, and (2) state that the employer may protest payment to the claimant based on any available statutory grounds by returning the protest not later than 10 business days after the date of the notice.

Unless previously notified, all base-period employers will be sent a notice at the time the claimant files a payable continued claim for benefits during a period of unemployment.

### Arkansas

Coverage. The definition of “employment” excludes service performed in agricultural labor by aliens admitted to the United States under the Immigration and Nationality Act of 2011, 8 U.S.C. Section 1184(c) and 8 U.S.C. Section 1101(a)(15)(H). However, these excluded aliens shall be counted in determining whether an agricultural employer meets the coverage requirements under Section 11-10-210(a)(5)(A) of the Arkansas Code.

The definition of “employment” excludes services performed by a full-time student in the employ of an organized camp

· if such camp (i) did not operate for more than 7 months in the calendar year and did not operate for more than 7 months in the preceding calendar year, or (ii) had average gross receipts for any 6 months in the preceding calendar year of not more than 33⅓ percent of its average gross receipts for the other 6 months in the preceding calendar year; and

· if such full-time student performed services in the employ of such camp for less than 13 calendar weeks in such calendar year.

The definition of service performed by an individual for wages, that allows a worker to be classified as an independent contractor, is amended by requiring that

· The individual has been and will continue to be free from control and direction in connection with the performance of the service, both under his or her contract for the performance of service and in fact; amazon co uk live chat help either

(a)   the service is performed either outside the usual course of the business for which the service is performed or is performed outside all the places of business of the enterprise for which the service is performed; or

(b)   the individual is customarily engaged in an independently established trade, occupation, profession, or business of the same nature as that involved in the service performed.

(Previously, such individual has been and will continue to be free from control and direction in connection with the performance of the service, both under his or her contract for the performance of service and in fact; the service is performed either outside the usual course of the business for which the service is performed or is performed outside all the places of business of the enterprise for which the service is performed; and the individual is customarily engaged in an independently established trade, occupation, profession, or business of the same nature as that involved in the service performed.)

Financing. The provisions concerning the accrual and payment of unemployment insurance taxes by employers provide that determinations of liability are conclusive and binding, unless within 30 calendar days after the mailing date of the determination the employer requests an administrative determination of coverage. However, if the Director of the Department of Workforce Services determines that the request for an administrative determination of coverage is not perfected within the 30-calendar-day period as a result of circumstances beyond the employer’s control, the director may consider the request as having been filed timely.

The ending collection date is extended from June 30, 2015, to June 30, 2019, for the proceeds of the stabilization tax in the amount of the 0.025 percent of taxable wages collected to be deposited and credited to the Department of Workforce Services Training Trust Fund, there to be used for worker training.

The ending collection date is extended from June 30, 2015, to June 30, 2019, for the proceeds of the stabilization tax in the amount of the 0.025 percent of taxable wages collected to be deposited and credited to the Department of Workforce Services Unemployment Insurance Administration Fund, there to be used for operating expenses of the unemployment insurance program necessary for the proper administration of the Department of Workforce Services law as determined by the director.

The provisions concerning collection of employer contributions to unemployment insurance after failure to pay or report provide that if, after due notice, a person defaults in payment of contributions, the federal income tax refund of the person is subject to interception under the Claims Resolution Act of 2010, Pub. L. No. 111-291, or a regulation adopted to implement that law.

The provisions concerning unemployment benefits for employees of nonprofit organizations and governmental entities state that relief from billing shall not be granted if (a) an overpayment of benefits is the result of a failure by an employer or the employer’s agent to respond timely or adequately to a request for information from the Department of Workforce Services; and (b) the employer or the employer’s agent has established a pattern of failing to respond to such requests.

Out-of-state businesses operating in Arkansas are exempt from making unemployment insurance contributions during a declared emergency when those businesses are aiding the state in recovering from the declared disaster.

Monetary entitlement. For initial claims filed on or after October 1, 2015, an insured worker’s weekly benefit amount shall be an amount equal to one-twenty-sixth of his or her average wages for insured work paid during the 4 quarters of his or her base period. (Previously, an insured worker’s weekly benefit amount was an amount equal to one-twenty-sixth of his or her total wages for insured work paid during the one quarter of his or her base period in which the wages were highest.)

For initial claims filed on or after October 1, 2015, the maximum potential benefits of an insured worker in a benefit year shall be the amount equal to the lesser of 20 times his or her weekly benefit amount or one-third of his or her wages for insured work in his or her base period. (Previously, the maximum potential benefits of any insured worker in a benefit year was the amount equal to whichever is the lesser of 25 times his or her weekly benefit amount or one-third of his or her wages for insured work in his or her base period.)

Nonmonetary eligibility. The provision that, if an individual is discharged for testing positive for an illegal drug pursuant to a U.S. Department of Transportation-qualified drug screen conducted in accordance with the employer’s bona fide written drug policy, the individual is disqualified until he or she passes a U.S. Department of Transportation-qualified drug screen by testing negative for illegal drugs, is deleted.

Any weekly benefits payable subsequent to the date of the disqualification for testing positive for an illegal drug pursuant to a U.S. Department of Transportation-qualified drug screen conducted in accordance with the employer’s bona fide written drug policy shall be terminated. The termination shall apply only to benefits payable within the benefit year of the claim with respect to which the claimant is disqualified for testing positive for an illegal drug pursuant to a U.S. Department of Transportation-qualified drug screen conducted in accordance with the employer’s bona fide written drug policy.

The provision that an individual is disqualified for benefits if he or she was rejected for offered employment as the direct result of a failure to appear for a U.S. Department of Transportation-qualified drug screen after having received a bona fide job offer of suitable work subject to passage of the drug screen, or to pass a U.S. Department of Transportation-qualified drug screen by testing positive for an illegal drug after having received a bona fide job offer of suitable work and shall continue until the disqualified individual passes a U.S. Department of Transportation-qualified drug screen by testing negative for illegal drugs, is deleted.

### California

Administration. The State Workforce Investment Board is renamed the State Workforce Development Board. The Board is required to assist the Governor, as part of the development and updating of comprehensive state performance accountability measures, in developing a workforce metrics dashboard to measure participant earnings in California, and to the extent feasible, in other states. The Employment Development Department shall assist the Board by calculating aggregated participant earnings using unemployment insurance wage records, without violating any applicable confidentiality requirements.

It is the intent of the Legislature that universal access to career services shall be available to adult residents regardless of income, education, employment barriers, or other eligibility requirements. Career services shall include, but not be limited to, provision of information on the filing of claims for unemployment compensation benefits and unemployment compensation disability benefits.

Effective January 1, 2017, an employer with 10 or more employees must file electronically a report of contributions, a quarterly return, and a report of wages paid. Effective January 1, 2018, all employers must file electronically a report of contributions, a quarterly return, and a report of wages paid. A waiver from these requirements is authorized to be granted for good cause, if requested by an employer. Approved waivers shall be valid for 1 year or longer, at the discretion of the Director, Employment Development Department.

Effective January 1, 2017, an employer with 10 or more employees must remit all employer contributions and withheld worker contributions by electronic fund transfer. Effective January 1, 2018, all employers must remit how to pay cra online td employer contributions and withheld worker contributions by electronic fund transfer. A waiver from this requirement is authorized to be granted for good cause, if requested by an employer. Approved waivers shall be valid for 1 year or longer, at the discretion of the director.

On and after January 1, 2017, and before January 1, 2019, an employer required to remit huntington bank fraud phone number electronically, excluding employers previously required to remit payments by electronic funds transfer, who remits those amounts within the time required by means that are not electronic, shall not be subject to the penalty of 15 percent of the amount of the required contributions to be paid (applicable on and after July 1, 2014).

On and after January 1, 2017, and before January 1, 2019, an employer required to file a quarterly return electronically who files a quarterly return within the time required by means that are not electronic, shall not be subject to pay a penalty of $50, in addition to any other penalties imposed. On and after January 1, 2017, and before January 1, 2019, an employer required to file a report of wages, excluding employers previously required to file a report of wages under Subdivision (e) of Section 1088 of the California Unemployment Insurance Code, who files a report of wages within the time required by means that are not electronic, shall not be subject to pay a penalty of$20 (applicable on and after July 1, 2014).

Section 3.5 of California Senate Bill 342 requires the State Workforce Development Board to assist the Governor in, among other things, the development and updating of comprehensive state performance accountability measures, including state adjusted levels of performance, to assess the effectiveness of the core programs in the state as required under Section 3141(b) of Title 29 of the U.S. Code. As part of this process, the Board, among other things, shall develop a workforce metrics dashboard that measures the state’s human capital investments in workforce development. The workforce metrics dashboard, among other things, shall measure participant earnings in California, and to the extent feasible, in other states. The Employment Development Department shall assist the Board by calculating aggregated participant earnings using unemployment insurance wage records, without violating any applicable confidentiality requirements.

Section 3 of California Senate Bill 342 also requires the Board to assist the Governor in many tasks, some of which are identical to the tasks in Section 3.5. Since Section 3.5 became operative and is similar to Section 3, this bill provides that Section 3 shall not become operative.

### Connecticut

Financing. A base period employer’s account will not be charged with respect to benefits paid to a claimant who has been discharged or suspended because the claimant has been disqualified from performing the work for which he or she was hired due to the loss of such claimant’s operator license as a result of a drug or alcohol test or testing program conducted in accordance with

·        Section 14-44k of the 2012 Connecticut General Statutes (relating to a driver’s disqualification from operating a commercial motor vehicle);

·        Section 14-227a of the 2011 Connecticut Code (relating to operating a motor vehicle while under the influence of intoxicating liquor or any drug or both); or

·        Section 14-227b of the 2011 Connecticut Code (relating to implied consent to test a motor vehicle operator’s blood, breath, or urine) while the claimant was off duty.

### Delaware

Nonmonetary eligibility. The term “partially unemployed individual” air force credit union an employee who, during any given week, is still employed by his or her employer but worked less than his or her regular full-time hours because of the lack of full-time work.

The term “week of partial unemployment,” with respect to a partially unemployed individual whose wages are paid on a weekly basis, shall consist of his or her pay period week. With respect to a partially unemployed individual whose wages are not paid on a weekly basis (e.g., bi-weekly, monthly), a week of partial unemployment shall be any consecutive 7-day period the Division of Unemployment Insurance may prescribe as to any employee or group of employees as it deems appropriate.

To file a claim for partial unemployment insurance, a partially unemployed individual must establish an original benefit year claim in person at one of the Division of Unemployment Insurance’s local offices or by using the Division’s online filing system.

After the end of any week in which an employer has furnished any of its employees with less than regular full-time work (or the earnings equivalent thereto), on the customary payday for the pay period during which full-time work was unavailable, the employer or the employee shall deliver a completed Low Earnings Report (Form UC-114) to the nearest Division local office signed by both the employer and the employee.

Upon receiving a Form UC-114, the Division shall promptly process the information contained in it so that a timely payment of unemployment insurance may be made to the partially unemployed individual who has established an original benefit year claim. For any given week, if the earnings stated on a Form UC-114 exceed the earnings allowance for the partially unemployed individual based on his or her weekly benefit amount, the Division will mail a notice to the affected employee stating the reason why no partial unemployment insurance is owed for the week in question.

No claim for partial unemployment insurance benefits may be made more than 14 days after the week ending period reflected on the Form UC-114 being filed.

In addition to the records required to be maintained by employers, each employer shall maintain for a period of 4 years payroll records containing the following information on each employee that was determined to be eligible to receive partial unemployment insurance:

·         the amount of wages earned by week;

·         the specific dates of weeks of less than full-time work by the employee; and

·         the number of hours of work lost by each employee, if any, due to the employee’s unavailability for work.

### Florida

Administration. The Department of Economic Opportunity Certified Authorization for Release of Records Form (DEO CARR-1) is created. This form is to be used by a claimant, an employer, an employer’s workers’ compensation carrier, or a representative of either to request confidential reemployment assistance benefits records. The regulation outlines how much a record seeker must pay to obtain the records, and how a DEO CARR-1 can be obtained.

Initial, additional, initial interstate, and reopened claims must be filed and submitted using Florida’s Online Reemployment Assistance System (previously, may be filed on the Internet) at www.FloridaJobs.org. Depending on the type of claim being submitted, Florida’s Online Reemployment Assistance System will require responses to questions.

The time limit for filing continued claims for benefits is changed from within 14 calendar days to within 7 calendar days following the scheduled report date as shown on the Online Reemployment Assistance System Confirmation Page, or otherwise communicated to the claimant by the Department of Economic Opportunity.

A report is late if not made within 7 days (previously, within 14 days) after the scheduled report date shown on the Online Reemployment Assistance System Confirmation Page, or communicated to the claimant by a Department representative, and the claim will be reopened effective the first day of the week in which a report is filed.

When a claimant is directed to resubmit a continued claim for completion or correction, the scheduled report date will be extended to 7 days (previously, 14 days) from the date the claimant was notified that the claim was incomplete or incorrect.

The state Department of Economic Opportunity may make a request in writing or by email for benefit information or documentation from the claimant.

Valid forms of identification include the claimant’s valid Social Security number and one other approved form of secondary identification, including the following:

1. Driver’s license issued by a state of the United States or a Canadian government authority, provided it contains a photograph or identifying information such as name, date of birth, sex, height, and address;
2. Documentation issued by a federal, state, or local government agency that contains a photograph or identifying information such as name, date of birth, sex, height, and address;
3. School identification (ID) card with photograph;
4. United States (U.S.) military ID card, dependent’s ID card, or U.S. Coast Guard Merchant Mariner card;
5. Native American tribal document;
6. U.S. Passport (unexpired or expired); or
7. Certificate of U.S. Citizenship or Certificate of Naturalization.

Appeals. An appeal may be filed

· online at the Department of Economic Opportunity Internet Appeals Program;

· by fax, courier service, or in person to the central Office of Appeals;

· by fax, courier, or in person to the Reemployment Assistance Appeals Commission; or

· online via the CONNECT system with specified information.

A notice of hearing, continuance of a hearing, or decision may be sent to all parties via electronic service to the parties’ designated electronic mailboxes or by U.S. Postal Service.

Coverage. The following clarify services performed on or in connection with a non-American vessel or aircraft:

· Applicability of exemption for services performed on or in connection with a non-American vessel or aircraft:

(a) Service performed by an employee during a reporting period on or in connection with a non-American vessel or a non-American aircraft is exempt from the definition of employment if such employee is employed by the employer on and in any way connected with the vessel or aircraft while it is outside the United States.

(b) The citizenship or residence of the employee and the place where the contract of service is entered into are immaterial for purposes of this exemption, and the citizenship or residence of the employer is material only in determining whether the vessel is American. Services performed within the United States on or in connection with a non-American vessel are exempted from employment if the employee is employed by the employer on and in connection with the vessel when it is outside the United States.

(c) Exempt services under this rule are not considered employment for reemployment tax purposes and shall not be reported on the employer’s quarterly report (RT-6).

· “Non-American aircraft” means any aircraft that is not an “American aircraft” as defined by Section 443.036(3), Florida Statutes.

· “Non-American vessel” means any vessel that is not an “American vessel” as defined in Section 443.036(5), Florida Statutes.

Extensions and special programs. Employers wishing to participate in the short-time compensation program must apply using Florida’s Online Reemployment Assistance System. Depending on the type of claim being submitted, Florida’s Online Reemployment Assistance System will require responses to questions.

When a declared disaster or emergency makes the Florida Online Reemployment Assistance System unavailable, Internet application impractical, or when an employer needs special assistance or accommodation, employers who wish to participate in the short-time compensation program may do so by contacting the Department of Economic Opportunity toll-free at 1 (800) 204-2418.

An employer needs special assistance or accommodation when she or he

· is legally prohibited from using a computer;

· has an impairment that makes her or him unable to use a computer; or

· is unable to read or write effectively in a language that the Online Reemployment Assistance System makes available.

When a declared disaster or emergency makes the Florida Online Reemployment Assistance System unavailable, the Department of Economic Opportunity may also make available the Short-Time Compensation Plan Application, Form DEO RAB/STC-3, that is hereby adopted and incorporated by reference, and that is available on the Department’s website.

When Form DEO RAB/STC-3 is being used, an employer may submit it by

· contacting the Department toll-free at 1 (800) 204-2418;

· mailing it to the Department of Economic Opportunity, Reemployment Assistance Records Unit, P.O. Drawer 5750, Tallahassee, Florida 32314-5750; or

· delivering it in person to the Department at the Caldwell Building, 107 East Madison Street, Tallahassee, Florida 32399.

### Georgia

Financing. The term “most recent employer” means, for claims with benefit years that begin on or after July 1, 2015, the last employer for whom an individual worked. (For claims with benefit years beginning on or before June 30, 2015, the term “most recent employer” meant the last liable employer for whom an individual worked and: (1) the individual was separated from work for a disqualifying reason; (2) the individual was released or separated from work under nondisqualifying conditions and earned wages of at least 10 times the weekly benefit amount of the claim; or (3) the employer filed the claim for the individual by submitting such reports as authorized by the Commissioner of Labor.)

Regular benefits paid with respect to all benefit years that begin on or after July 1, 2015, shall be charged against the experience rating account or reimbursement account of the most recent employer, provided that

(A) the most recent employer is a liable employer; and

(B)(i) the most recent employer separated the individual from work under nondisqualifying conditions, or files the claim for the individual by submitting such reports as authorized by the commissioner; or

(ii) the individual separated from the most recent employer under nondisqualifying conditions.

Regular benefits to be charged against the experience rating account or reimbursement account of the most recent employer shall be charged in the following manner:

(A) arizona department of economic security form uc 018 paid shall be charged to the account of the most recent employer, including those benefits paid based upon insured wages that were earned to requalify following a period of disqualification;

(B) except as otherwise provided in subparagraph (E) below, benefits charged to the account of an employer shall not exceed the amount of wages paid by such employer during the period beginning with the base period of the individual’s claim and continuing through the individual’s benefit year;

(C) except as otherwise provided in subparagraph (E) below, benefits shall not be charged to the account of an employer when an individual’s overpayment is waived;

(D) except as otherwise provided in subparagraph (E) below, for the purposes of calculating an employer’s contribution rate, an account of an employer shall not be charged for benefits paid to an individual for unemployment that is directly caused by a presidentially declared natural disaster;

(E)(i) an employer shall respond in a timely and adequate manner to a notice of a claim filing or a written request by the state Department of Labor for information relating to a claim for benefits as specified in the rules or regulations prescribed by the commissioner;

(ii) any violation of (E)(i) by an employer or an officer or agent of an employer absent good cause may result in the employer’s account being charged for overpayment of benefits paid due to such violation even if the determination is later reversed; provided, however, that upon the finding of three violations of (E)(i) within a calendar year resulting in an overpayment of benefits, an employer’s account shall be charged for any additional overpayment and shall not be relieved of such charges unless good cause is shown; and

(F) benefits paid to individuals shall be charged against the Unemployment Trust Fund when benefits are paid but not charged against an employer’s experience rating account or when the employer is not a liable employer.

Applications for an adjustment or a refund of contributions, payments in lieu of contributions, or interest thereon shall be submitted no later than 3 years from the date such amounts were assessed. Applications must be in writing. The commissioner shall determine what amounts, if any, were erroneously collected. Adjustments shall be made against subsequent payments. Refunds will be issued, without interest thereon, when adjustments cannot be made. At the option of the commissioner, the commissioner may make (previously, initiate) any adjustments or refunds deemed appropriate for any amounts erroneously collected where no written request for a refund or an adjustment has been received, provided such amounts were assessed within the last 7 (previously, 3) years. Amounts shall be refunded from the fund into which they were deposited.

Nonmonetary eligibility. Where an individual has voluntarily left work, good cause in connection with the individual’s most recent work shall be determined by the commissioner according to the circumstances in the case; provided, however, that the following circumstances shall be deemed to establish such good cause, and the employer’s account shall not be charged for any benefits paid out to an individual who leaves an employer:

(i) to accompany a spouse who has been reassigned from one military assignment to another; provided, however, that the employer’s account shall not be charged for any benefits paid out to the person who leaves to accompany a spouse reassigned from one military assignment to another; or

(ii) due to family violence verified by reasonable documentation demonstrating that:

(I) leaving the employer was a condition of receiving services from a family violence shelter;

(II) leaving the employer was a condition of receiving shelter as a resident of a family violence shelter; or

(III) such family violence caused the individual to reasonably believe that the claimant’s continued employment would jeopardize the safety of the claimant or the safety of any member of the claimant’s immediate family.

When voluntarily leaving an employer, the burden of proof of good cause in connection with the individual’s most recent work shall be on the individual.

Overpayments. Any action to recover an overpayment shall be brought by the commissioner or an authorized representative of the commissioner within 7 years from the release date of the notice of determination and overpayment by the state Department of Labor.

### Idaho

Coverage. The term “exempt employment” includes service performed by a person who operates a motor vehicle that: (a) such person owns or holds pursuant to a bona fide lease; and (b) is leased to a motor carrier as defined in 49 U.S.C. Section 13102, pursuant to a written contract, and in no event will the motor carrier be determined to be the covered employer of such person or the covered employer of an employee of such person.

Inmates engaged in authorized productive work are not entitled to unemployment compensation.

“Private agricultural employer that is party to a contract for inmate labor” is added to the list of entities for which inmates are not employees.

Overpayments. An amount totaling 15 percent of the fraudulent overpayment resulting from making a false statement, misrepresentation, or failing to report a material fact, shall be paid into the state’s employment security fund.

### Illinois

Financing. The adjusted state experience factor for calendar year 2016 that was to increase 19 percent absolute above the adjusted state experience factor is deleted. Other language regarding the adjusted state experience factor for calendar year 2016 and calendar year 2017 is deleted.

The additional employer contribution rate surcharge of 0.3 percent that was to be added in 2016, due quarterly and deposited into the clearing account, is deleted.

Monetary Entitlement. The language providing that, with respect to any benefit year beginning in calendar year 2016, an individual’s weekly benefit amount shall be 42.8 percent of his or her prior average weekly wage, rounded (if not already a multiple of one dollar) to the next higher dollar; provided, however, that the weekly benefit amount cannot exceed the maximum weekly benefit amount and cannot be less than $51, is deleted. The language providing that, with respect to any benefit anthem medicare advantage phone number for providers beginning in calendar year 2016, “maximum weekly benefit amount” with respect to each week beginning within a benefit period means 42.8 percent of the statewide average weekly wage, rounded (if not already a multiple of one dollar) to the next higher dollar, is deleted. The language providing that, with respect to any benefit year beginning in calendar year 2016, an individual to whom benefits are payable with respect to any week shall, in addition to those benefits, be paid, with respect to such week, as follows: in the case of an individual with a nonworking spouse, the greater of (i) 9 percent of his or her prior average weekly wage, rounded (if not already a multiple of one dollar) to the next higher dollar, banks hiring near me full time (ii)$15, provided that the total amount payable to the individual with respect to a week shall not exceed 51.8 percent of the statewide average weekly wage, rounded (if not already a multiple of one dollar) to the next higher dollar; and in the case of an individual with a dependent child or dependent children, the greater of (i) the product of the dependent child allowance rate multiplied by his or her prior average weekly wage, rounded (if not already a multiple of one dollar) to the next higher dollar, or (ii) the lesser of $50 or 50 percent of his or her weekly benefit amount, rounded (if not already a multiple of one dollar) to the next higher dollar, provided that the total amount payable to the individual with respect to a week shall not exceed the product of the statewide average weekly wage multiplied by the sum of 42.8 percent plus the dependent child allowance rate, rounded (if not already a multiple of one dollar) to the next higher dollar, is deleted. Nonmonetary eligibility. Effective January 3, 2016, the definition of “misconduct” includes any of the following work-related circumstances: 1. Falsification of an employment application, or any other documentation provided to the employer, to obtain employment through subterfuge. 2. Failure to maintain licenses, registrations, and certifications reasonably required by the employer, or those that the individual is required to possess by law, to perform his or her regular job duties, unless the failure is not within the control of the individual. 3. Knowing, repeated violation of the attendance policies of the employer that are in compliance with state and federal law following a written warning for an attendance violation, unless the individual can demonstrate that he or she has made a reasonable effort to remedy the reason or reasons for the violations or that the reason or reasons for the violations were out of the individual’s control. Attendance policies of the employer shall be reasonable and provided to the individual in writing, electronically, or via posting in the workplace. 4. Damaging the employer’s property through conduct that is grossly negligent. 5. Refusal to obey an employer’s reasonable and lawful instruction, unless the refusal is due to the lack of ability, skills, or training for the individual required to obey the instruction or the instruction would result in an unsafe act. 6. Consuming alcohol or illegal or nonprescribed prescription drugs, or using an impairing substance in an off-label manner, on the employer’s premises during working hours in violation of the employer’s policies. 7. Reporting to work under the influence of alcohol, illegal or nonprescribed prescription drugs, or an impairing substance used in an off-label manner in violation of the employer’s policies, unless the individual is compelled to report to work by the employer outside of scheduled and on-call working hours and informs the employer that he or she is under the influence of alcohol, illegal or nonprescribed prescription drugs, or an impairing substance used in an off-label manner in violation of the employer’s policies. 8. Grossly negligent conduct endangering the safety of the individual or coworkers. For purposes of numbers 4 and 8, conduct is “grossly negligent” when the individual is, or reasonably should be, aware of a substantial risk that the conduct will result in the harm sought to be prevented and the conduct constitutes a substantial deviation from the standard of care a reasonable person would exercise in the situation. Nothing in number 6 or 7 prohibits the lawful use of over-the-counter drug products as defined in Section 206 of the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, provided that the medication does not affect the safe performance of the employee’s work duties. Effective January 3, 2016, the amount that an individual has received or will receive with respect to a week in the form of primary Social Security old age, survivors, and disability retirement benefits, including those based on self-employment, is removed from the definition of “disqualifying income.” ### Indiana Financing. Amounts of the unemployment insurance surcharge (13 percent of the employer’s contribution payable quarterly) not used to pay interest on Title XII advances but instead deposited in the unemployment insurance benefit fund must be subtracted from the total amount of benefits charged to the fund under Section 22-4-11-1 of the Indiana Employment and Training Services Act in determining each employer’s share of those benefits under Section 22-4-11-2(e)(1). (Previously, the law required the amount of the surcharge deposited in the unemployment insurance benefit fund to be credited to each employer’s experience account in proportion to the amount the employer paid during the preceding 4 calendar quarters.) On the computation date, every employer who had taxable wages in the previous calendar year must have the employer’s experience account charged with the amount determined under the following formula: · Step one: divide the employer’s taxable wages for the preceding calendar year by the total taxable wages for the preceding calendar year. · Step two: subtract the amount described in IC 22-4-10-4.5(e)(2), if any, from the total amount of benefits charged to the fund. · Step three: multiply the quotient determined under step one by the difference determined under step two. (Previously, the above formula consisted of two steps. Step one: divide the employer’s taxable wages for the preceding calendar year by the total taxable wages for the preceding calendar year. Step two: multiply the quotient determined under step one by the total amount of benefits charged to the fund.) Monetary entitlement. An insured worker may not receive benefits in a second benefit year unless, after the beginning of the immediately preceding benefit year during which the individual received benefits, the individual performed insured work, earned remuneration in employment in at least each of 8 weeks, and earned remuneration equal to or exceeding the product of the individual’s weekly benefit amount multiplied by 8. (Previously, the law required the individual to perform insured work and earn wages in employment under Section 22-4-8 of the Employment and Training Services Act, in an amount not less than the individual’s weekly benefit amount estadio bbva bancomer 3d for the individual in the preceding benefit year, in each of 8 weeks. Nonmonetary eligibility. With respect to a determination of ineligibility for a failure without good cause to accept an offer of suitable work, the ineligibility will continue for the week in which the failure occurs and until the individual earns remuneration in employment in at least each of 8 weeks, and remuneration equal to or exceeding the product of the individual’s weekly benefit amount multiplied by 8. (Previously, the ineligibility continued for the week in which the failure occurred and until the individual earned remuneration in employment equal to or exceeding the weekly benefit amount of the individual’s claim in each of 8 weeks.) Overpayments. For an overpayment for any individual other than an individual who knowingly makes, or causes to be made by another, a false statement or representation of a material fact knowing it to be false; or fails, or causes another to fail to disclose a material fact; or for any individual other than an individual who fails to report wages received during a week in which benefits were paid or because of the subsequent receipt of income deductible from benefits that is allocable to the week or weeks for which benefits were paid, the state Department of Workforce Development has 4 years from the date of the overpayment to establish that the overpayment occurred and the amount of the overpayment. The chime bank headquarters phone number that the individual is liable to repay the established amount of the overpayment or have such amount deducted from any benefits otherwise payable to the individual within the 6-year period following the later of the date the Department establishes that an overpayment has occurred or the date that the determination of an overpayment becomes final following the exhaustion of all appeals, is deleted. Whenever an individual receives benefits or extended benefits to which the individual is not entitled because the individual knowingly makes, or causes to be made by another, a false statement or representation of a material fact knowing it to be false; or fails, or causes another to fail to disclose a material fact, and as a result thereof has received any amount as benefits to which the individual is not entitled, the individual is liable to repay such amount with interest at the rate of 0.5 percent per month, or to have such amount deducted from any benefits otherwise payable to the individual. Any individual who fails to report wages received during a week in which benefits were paid or because of the subsequent receipt of income deductible from benefits that is allocable to the week or weeks for which benefits were paid and, as a result, is not entitled to such benefits, will be liable to repay such amount to the Department, or to have such amount deducted from any benefits otherwise payable to the individual. (Previously, that any individual who for any reason other than misrepresentation or nondisclosure has received any amount as benefits to which the individual is not entitled or because of the subsequent receipt of income deductible from benefits that is allocable to the week or weeks for which such benefits were paid becomes not entitled to such benefits, shall be liable to repay such amount to the Department for the unemployment insurance benefit fund or to have such amount deducted from any benefits otherwise payable to the individual within the 3-year period following the later of the date the Department establishes that the overpayment occurred or the date that the determination that an overpayment occurred becomes final following the exhaustion of all appeals.) An individual, who for any reason other than knowingly making or causing to be made by another a false statement or representation of a material fact knowing it to be false or fails or causes another to fail to disclose a material fact, and an individual who for any reason other than failing to report wages received during a week in which benefits were paid or because of the subsequent receipt of income deductible from benefits that is allocable to the week or weeks for which benefits were paid, has received any amount as benefits to which the individual is not entitled, is liable to repay that amount to the Department, or to have that amount deducted from any benefits otherwise payable to the individual. The following Section 22-4-13-4 of the Employment and Training Services Act 4 is repealed: (a) This section applies to an individual: (1) for whom the Department has established an overpayment by a final written determination; and (2) whose overpayment amount that is due and payable equals or exceeds the individual’s weekly benefit amount multiplied by four; (b) Notwithstanding any other law and subject to subsection (c), an individual is entitled to repay the established amount of an overpayment over a period: (1) beginning on the date the determination of the amount of the overpayment is final; and (2) ending on a date not later than the date occurring 36 months after the date the determination of the amount of the overpayment is final; (c) An individual to whom this section applies may repay an overpayment over time provided in subsection (b) not more than once during the individual’s lifetime. Procedures for administrative withholding of benefit overpayments are established. Whenever the Department establishes an overpayment for an individual under Indiana Code 22-4-13-1(c) or Indiana Code 22-4-13-1(d), and the overpayment becomes final following the exhaustion of all appeals, the Department may, in addition to any other manner of collecting the overpayment provided by law, require each employer of an individual for whom an overpayment is established to withhold amounts from the individual’s income and pay those amounts to the Department. The Department will provide a notice to an individual who is subject to withholding for benefit overpayments and to each of the individual’s employers. A notice to withhold income will be sent to each employer of an individual who is subject to withholding. The notice to withhold is binding on the employer, and penalties will be assessed for an employer that refuses to withhold income or knowingly misrepresents an employee’s income. The individual is permitted to contest the withholding and assert exemptions from withholding by requesting an administrative review. ### Kansas Appeals. Any action of the employment security board of review may not be reconsidered after the mailing of the decision. An action of the board will become final unless a petition for review in accordance with the state judicial review act is filed within 16 calendar days after the date of the mailing of the decision. If an appeal has not been filed within 16 calendar days of the date of the mailing of the decision, the decision becomes final. Financing. For the rate year 2014 and each rate year thereafter, each employer who is not eligible for a rate contribution will pay contributions equal to 2.7 percent (previously, 4 percent) of wages paid during each calendar year with regard to employment, except such employers engaged in the construction industry shall pay a rate equal to 6 percent. Employers engaged in more than one type of industrial activity will be classified by principal activity. All rates assigned will remain in effect for a complete calendar year. If the sale or acquisition of a new establishment would require reclassification of the employer to a different industry sector, the employer would be promptly notified, and the contribution rate applicable to the new industry sector would become effective the following January 1. For rate year 2015 and prior rate years, negative account balance employers will pay contributions at the rate of 5.4 percent for each calendar year. For rate year 2016 and rate years thereafter, negative account balance employers shall pay contributions at the rate referenced in the Standard Rate Schedule that range from 5.6 percent to 7.6 percent. The language providing that from calendar year 2015 forward, each negative account balance employer who does not satisfy the requirements to have an average annual payroll will be assigned a surcharge equal to the maximum negative ratio surcharge from column B4 of schedule II, is deleted. For the rate year 2016 and rate years thereafter, the contribution schedule in effect will be determined by the Fund Control Table and Rate Schedule Table. For rate year 2015 and prior rate years, the planned yield as a percent of total wages, as determined, shall be adjusted to taxable wages by multiplying by the ratio of total wages to taxable wages for all contributing employers for the preceding fiscal year ending June 30, except with regard to a year in which the taxable wage base changes. The taxable wages used in the calculation for such a year and the following year shall be an estimate of what the taxable wages would have been if the new taxable wage base schedule appointment with bank of america been in effect during all of the preceding fiscal year ending June 30. For rate year 2016 and ensuing rate years, employer contribution rates to be effective for the ensuing calendar year will be determined by the Fund Control Table. The average high cost multiple of the trust ashley furniture credit card online payment as of the computation date shall determine the contribution schedule in effect for the next rate year. Arizona department of economic security form uc 018 average high cost multiple is the reserve fund ratio divided by the average high benefit cost rate. The average high benefit cost rate will be determined by averaging the three highest benefit cost rates over the last 20 years from the preceding fiscal year that ended June 30. The high benefit cost rate is defined by dividing total benefits paid in the fiscal year by total payrolls for covered employers in the fiscal year. The Fund Control Table is created as follows:  Lower AHCM Upper AHCM Solvency Adjustment Threshold Threshold to Standard Rate -1000.00000 0.19999 1.60% 0.20000 0.44999 1.40% 0.45000 0.59999 1.20% 0.60000 0.74999 1.00% 0.75000 1.14999 0.00% 1.15000 1000.0000 -0.50% For rate year 2016 and ensuing rate years, eligible employers will be classified according to the Standard Rate Schedule subject to any adjustment pursuant to the effective rate schedule for that rate year. The Standard Rate Schedule consisting of 38 rate groups is created. Groups 1 through 27 consist of positive account balance employers with standard rates ranging from 0.20 percent to 5.40 percent. Groups 28 through 38 consist of negative balance account employers with standard rates ranging from 5.60 percent to 7.60 percent. The lower reserve ratio limit ranges from 18.590 to 0.000 for positive account balance employers. The lower reserve ratio limit for negative account balance employers is N1 through N11. The upper reserve ratio limit ranges from 1,000,000.00 to 0.714 for positive account balance employers and -0.714 bank of america merrill lynch usa address -1.000.000.00 for negative account balance employers. For all rate years prior to 2016, except with regard to rates for negative account balance pay chase amazon rewards card, employer contribution rates to be effective for the ensuing calendar year will be computed by adjusting proportionately the experience factors from schedule 1 to arizona department of economic security form uc 018 required yield on taxable wages. All rates computed will be rounded to the nearest 0.01 percent, and for calendar year 1983 and ensuing calendar years, the maximum effective contribution rate will not exceed 5.4 percent. Monetary entitlement. For initial claims effective prior to July 1, 2015, the maximum weekly benefit amount will be determined on July 1 of each year by computing 60 percent of the average weekly wages paid to employees in insured work during the previous calendar year. For initial claims effective on or after July 1, 2015, the maximum weekly benefit amount will be determined on July 1 of each year by computing 55 percent of the average weekly wages paid to employees in insured work during the previous calendar year, but not to be less than$474, and will prior to that date announce the maximum weekly benefit amount so determined by publication in the state register. Such computation will be made by dividing the gross wages reported as paid for insured work during the previous calendar year by the product of the average of midmonth employment during such calendar year multiplied by 52. The maximum weekly benefit amount so determined and announced for the 12-month period will apply only to those claims filed in that period qualifying for maximum payment under the foregoing formula. All claims qualifying for payment at the maximum weekly benefit amount will be paid at the maximum weekly benefit amount in effect when the benefit year to which the claim relates was first established, notwithstanding a change in the maximum benefit amount for a subsequent 12-month period. If the computed maximum weekly benefit amount is not a multiple of $1, then the computed maximum weekly benefit amount will be reduced to the next lower multiple of$1.

The following language concerning the minimum weekly benefit amount is deleted: The minimum weekly benefit amount payable to any individual shall be 25 percent of the calculated maximum weekly benefit and shall be announced in conjunction with the published announcement of the maximum weekly benefit. The minimum weekly benefit amount so determined and announced for the 12-month period beginning July 1 of each year will apply only to those claims that establish a benefit year filed within that 12-month period and will apply through the benefit year of such claims notwithstanding a change in such amount in a subsequent 12-month period. If the minimum weekly benefit amount is not a multiple of $1, it will be reduced to the next lower multiple of$1.

Nonmonetary eligibility. The Secretary, Department of Human Resources, will examine whether an individual has separated from employment for each week claimed. The secretary will apply the disqualification for benefits provisions to the individual’s most recent employment prior to the week claimed.

Notwithstanding the provisions of any subsection of the state Employment Security Law, an individual will not be disqualified for such week of part-time employment in a substitute capacity for an educational institution if such individual’s most recent employment prior to the individual’s benefit year begin date was for a noneducational institution and such individual demonstrates application for work in such individual’s customary occupation or for work for which the individual is reasonably fitted by training or experience.

### Louisiana

Appeals. If the Executive Director of the Louisiana Workforce Commission, acting as the administrator who is a party to every proceeding, fails to timely file the case records along with filing his answer to the petition for review, the court, upon hearing sufficient evidence, may make a judgment based on the evidence presented (previously, may make a judgment directing payment of benefits to the claimant).

### Maine

Administration. The name of the account into which unemployment insurance trust fund payments are deposited is the “tax deposit account” (previously, the “combined unemployment insurance contributions and income tax withholding deposit account”).

Employers are allowed to file quarterly payroll reports either electronically or on forms prescribed by the state Bureau of Employment Security.

Financing. The following applies to the assignment of rates and transfers of experience in successor purchases when there is substantially no common ownership, management, or control between purchaser and predecessor, effective as of the date on which the business was acquired:

(1) The executors, administrators, successors, or assigns of a new employer who acquires the business of the predecessor employer may acquire the experience rate of that employer with payrolls, contributions, and benefits, or may be assigned the state average contribution rate, whichever rate is lower; and

(2) The executors, administrators, successors, or assigns of an existing employer with an established experience rate who acquires the business of the predecessor employer may acquire the experience rate of that predecessor employer with payrolls, contributions, and benefits, which is then blended with the successor’s established experience rate to form a new rate, or retain the established experience rate of the successor, whichever is lower.

With respect to notices issued prior to June 19, 2014, a payment received as the result of a billing notice on which the employer was billed for both state income tax withheld and state unemployment contributions will be prorated between the two taxes using the tax amounts due as recorded on the bill. State income tax withheld and state unemployment contributions will be billed separately, and payments applied separately, with respect to notices issued on or after June 19, 2014 (applies to tax periods beginning on or after January 1, 2014).

Financing. For calendar years, beginning 2016, if on June 30 of the preceding year the balance in the unemployment compensation fund equals or exceeds $2,500,000,000 and the agency projects that the balance will remain at or above$2,500,000,000 for the succeeding calendar quarter, the taxable wage limit for the calendar year is reduced to $9,000 for an employer that is not delinquent in the payment of unemployment contributions, penalties, or interest. If the unemployment compensation fund balance on June 30 or the agency projection does not meet these conditions, the$9,500 taxable wage limit applies to all employers in the next calendar year. An employer is delinquent in the payment of unemployment contribution, penalties, or interest if the employer has a quarterly unpaid balance of $25 or more, unless one or more of the following apply: (a) The employer has filed a timely protest or appeal of the notice of assessment and the assessment has not become final. (b) Within 45 days after the beginning of the first calendar quarter in which the reduced taxable wage base limit takes effect for nondelinquent employers, all outstanding balances owed to the unemployment agency are paid in full. (c) If the employer is a domestic employer, all applicable contributions, interest, and penalties are paid on or before the date specified by the agency. ### Minnesota Appeals. An appeal pending before an unemployment law judge may be withdrawn by the appealing party, or an authorized representative of that party, by filing a notice of withdrawal. A notice of withdrawal may be filed by mail or by electronic transmission, effective August 2, 2015. An order of dismissal issued as a result of a notice to withdraw an appeal is not subject to reconsideration or appeal. A party may file a new appeal after the order of dismissal, but the original 20-calendar-day period for appeal begins from the date of issuance of the determination, and that time period is not suspended or restarted by the notice of withdrawal and order of dismissal. The new appeal may only be filed by mail or facsimile transmission. “Appeals” include a request for reconsideration (effective August 2, 2015). Effective August 2, 2015, authority is granted to an unemployment law judge, in addition to the commissioner, to administer oaths and affirmations, take depositions, certify to official acts, and issue subpoenas to compel the attendance of individuals and the production of documents and other personal property necessary in connection with the administration of the state unemployment insurance program. Coverage.Effective August 2, 2015, the following language is repealed: Authorization. (a) The commissioner is authorized to enter into reciprocal arrangements with other states and the federal government, or both, whereby employment by an employee or employees for a single employer that is customarily performed in more than one state shall be considered performed entirely within any one of the states: (1) Where any part of the employee’s employment is performed, or (2) Where the employee has a residence, or (3) Where the employer maintains a place of business; provided there is in effect, as to the employment, an election, approved by the state, pursuant to which all the employment by the employee or employees for the employer is considered to be performed entirely within that state. Extensions and special programs. Effective June 14, 2015, the proposed mall of america santa work plan must include, among other conditions, the hours of work each participating employee will work each week for the duration of the shared work plan, which must be at least 50 percent of the normal weekly hours but no more than 80 percent (previously, no more than 90 percent) of the normal weekly hours, except that the plan may provide for a uniform vacation shutdown of up to 2 weeks. Effective August 2, 2015, arizona department of economic security form uc 018 following provisions allowingextra unemployment benefits for poultry workers are established. · Extra unemployment benefits are available to an applicant if the applicant was laid off by: 1. a commercial poultry producer as a result of the confirmed presence of highly pathogenic avian influenza in the commercial poultry producer’s flock; or 2. a commercial poultry processor as a result of the is it a public holiday today in dubai presence of highly pathogenic avian influenza in the flock of its poultry supplier. · Extra unemployment benefits are payable from the unemployment insurance trust fund. · An applicant is eligible to receive extra unemployment benefits for any week through December 31, 2016, following the effective date of the applicant’s benefit account of regular unemployment benefits, as a result of a layoff described above if: 1. a majority of the applicant’s wage credits were with a commercial poultry producer or processor described above; 2. the applicant meets the eligibility requirements of state law; 3. the applicant is not subject to a disqualification under state law; and 4. the applicant is not entitled to regular unemployment benefits and is not entitled to receive unemployment benefits under any other state or federal law for that week. · The weekly extra unemployment benefit amount available to an applicant is the same as the applicant’s weekly regular unemployment benefit amount on the benefit account established as a result of a layoff of a poultry worker. · The maximum amount of extra unemployment benefits available is equal to 13 weeks at the applicant’s weekly extra unemployment benefit amount. · If an applicant qualifies for a new regular benefit account under state law at any time after exhausting regular unemployment benefits as a result of the layoff, the applicant must apply for and exhaust entitlement to those new regular unemployment benefits. · Theextra unemployment benefit program expires on December 31, 2016. No extra unemployment benefits may be paid for any week after the expiration of the program. Monetary entitlement. Effective August 2, 2015, unless the next paragraph applies, to establish a benefit account an applicant must have total wage credits in the applicant’s 4-quarter base period of at least 5.3 percent of the state’s average annual wage rounded down to the next lower$100. (Previously, applicant needed total wage credits in 4-quarter base period of at least: (1) $2,400; or (2) 5.3 percent of the state’s average annual wage rounded down to the next lower$100, whichever is higher.)

To establish a new benefit account (previously, to establish a new benefit account within 52 calendar weeks) following the expiration of the benefit year on a prior benefit account, an applicant must have performed actual work (previously, performed services) in subsequent covered employment (previously, in covered employment) and have been paid wages in one or more completed calendar quarters that started after the effective date of the prior benefit account. The wages paid for that employment (previously, those services) must be at least enough to meet the requirements of the preceding paragraph. A benefit account under this paragraph may not be established effective earlier than the Sunday following the end of the most recent completed calendar quarter in which the requirements of the above paragraph were met. (Effective August 2, 2015, except the amendment deleting “within 52 calendar weeks” is effective June 14, 2015.)

Nonmonetary eligibility. Effective August 2, 2015, an applicant may be eligible to receive unemployment benefits for any week if, among other conditions, the applicant has been participating in reemployment assistance services such as development of, and adherence to, a work search plan, if the applicant has been directed to participate by the commissioner. This does not apply if the applicant has good cause for failing to participate. (Previously, eligible if the applicant has been participating in reemployment assistance services, such as job search and resume writing classes, if the applicant has been determined in need of reemployment assistance services by the commissioner, unless the applicant has good cause for failing to participate.)

Notwithstanding state law on eligibility for benefits, vacation pay will not delay unemployment benefit eligibility to an applicant who has been indefinitely laid off due to lack of work as a result of adverse trade impacts and is not expected to be recalled within 6 months by the employer from which the applicant was laid off. This does not apply to seasonal workers. (effective June 14, 2015, and retroactive to March 1, 2015) (expires June 1, 2016).

Overpayments. Effective August 2, 2015, the following language is deleted: If allowed by federal law, 5 percent of any money recovered on overpaid unemployment benefits is credited to the administration account.

### Missouri

Financing. An employer has appeal rights for a potentially erroneous experience rating assignment following the purchase of a company.

On October 1 of each calendar year, if the average balance, less any federal advances of the unemployment compensation trust fund of the 4 preceding quarters, is more than $720 million (previously,$600 million), then each employer’s contribution rate calculated for the 4 calendar quarters of the succeeding calendar year shall be decreased by the following percentage: If the unemployment compensation trust fund balance is more than $720 million (previously,$600 million) but equal to or less than $870 million (previously,$750 million), the percentage of decrease is 7 percent. If the unemployment compensation trust fund balance is more than $870 million (previously,$750 million), the percentage of decrease is 12 percent.

Notwithstanding the percentage decreases outlined in the above paragraph, if the unemployment compensation trust fund balance is more than $870 million (previously,$750 million), the percentage of decrease of the employer’s contribution rate calculated for the 4 calendar quarters of the succeeding calendar year shall be no greater than 10 percent for any employer whose calculated contribution rate under Section 228.120 of the Missouri Employment Security Law is 6 percent or greater.

Notwithstanding any other law to the contrary, if the amount of moneys owed by the unemployment compensation trust fund for total federal advances exceeds $300 million, the board must meet to consider authorizing the issuance, sale, and delivery of credit instruments for the entire amount of the debt owed. If issued, the required interest assessment shall continue to be paid and used to fully finance such instruments and shall be paid at the same rate applicable at the time of issuance for all subsequent years until the credit instruments are fully financed. Monetary entitlement. The following duration of benefits provisions are amended: · Deletes the maximum edd bank of america transfer amount of benefits provision. · Adds a graduated maximum total amount of benefits provision that is tied to the Missouri average unemployment rate as follows: The duration of benefits payable to any insured worker during any benefit year shall be limited to: (1) 20 weeks if the Missouri average unemployment rate is 9 percent or higher; (2) 19 weeks if the Missouri average unemployment rate is between 8.5 percent and 9 percent; (3) 18 weeks if the Missouri average unemployment rate is 8 percent up to and including 8.5 percent; (4) 17 weeks if the Missouri average unemployment rate is between 7.5 percent and 8 percent; (5) 16 weeks if the Missouri average unemployment rate is 7 percent up to and including 7.5 percent; (6) 15 weeks if the Missouri average unemployment rate is between 6.5 percent and 7 percent; (7) 14 weeks if the Missouri average unemployment rate is 6 percent up to and including 6.5 percent; or (8) 13 weeks if the Missouri average unemployment rate is below 6 percent. · The Missouri average unemployment rate, for purposes of determining the duration of benefits payable, means the average of the seasonally adjusted statewide unemployment rates as published by the United States Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, for the time periods of January 1 through March 31 and July 1 through September 30. The average of the seasonally adjusted statewide unemployment rates for the time period of January 1 through March 31 will be effective on and after July 1 of each year and will be effective through December 31. The average of the seasonally adjusted statewide unemployment rates for the time period of July 1 through September 30 will be effective on and after January 1 of each year and will be effective through June 30. · The graduated weekly benefit amount provisions take effect on January 1, 2016. Nonmonetary eligibility. The definition of “wages” is amended to · add termination pay and severance pay to the list of remuneration considered to be wages in the week in which it is paid · add the following regarding lump sum payments of severance pay: “The total amount of wages derived from severance pay, if paid to an insured in a lump sum, shall be prorated on a weekly basis at the rate of pay received by the insured at the time of termination for the purposes of determining unemployment benefits eligibility.” Termination pay and severance pay have been deleted from the list of remuneration that is not considered wages. ### Montana Appeals. The “board of labor appeals” is renamed “unemployment insurance appeals board.” The employer’s request for a determination or redetermination pertains only to the experience factors or the major industrial classification that determines the classification and rate of contribution. The rate schedules and the method of calculation are not subject to appeal. The notification to employers of the classification and rate of contribution applicable to their accounts is final for all purposes unless the employer files a written request with the state Department of Labor and Industry for a redetermination or hearing on the classification and rate of contribution within 30 days after the Department sends the notice (previously, within 30 days after the mailing date of the notice). A determination or redetermination of a claim for benefits is final unless an interested party applies for reconsideration of the determination or appeals within 10 days after the determination or redetermination was sent to the interested party’s address of record (previously, within 10 days after the notification was mailed to the interested party’s last-known address). The decision of an appeals referee after a hearing is final unless further review is initiated within 10 days after the decision was sent to the interested party’s address of record (previously, within 10 days after notification was mailed to the interested party’s last-known address). When a decision is rendered by the board and copies of the decision are mailed to all interested parties, including the Department, that decision is final unless an interested party requests a rehearing or initiates judicial review by filing a petition in district court within 30 days of the date of sending the board’s decision to the party’s address of record (previously, within 30 days of the date of mailing of the board’s decision to the party’s last-known address). A decision of the board, in the absence of an appeal, becomes final 30 days after the decision was sent to the parties at their respective addresses of record. (Previously, any decision of the board, in the absence of an appeal therefrom as herein provided, shall become final 30 days after the date of notification or mailing thereof.) Within 30 days after the decision (previously, within 30 days after the date of notification or mailing of the decision) of the board is sent to the parties at their respective addresses of record, any party aggrieved by the decision may secure judicial review by commencing an action in the district court of the county in which the party resides and in which action any other party to the proceeding before the board must be made a defendant. Coverage. The definition of “employment” excludes service performed by an election judge appointed pursuant to Section 13-4-101 of the Montana Code if the remuneration received for those services is less than$1,000 in a calendar year.

Financing. The state Department of Labor and Industry may not adjust wages that have been used for the purpose of establishing benefit eligibility after the statute of limitations provided in Section 39-51-2402 of the state Unemployment Insurance Law has expired, and a credit to the employers’ account or a refund to employers may not be made with respect to those wages.

If benefit charges exceed contributions paid in the last completed state fiscal year (previously, in the last 2 completed state fiscal years), governmental entities’ rates must be adjusted by increasing all rates to the next higher schedule.

The Department may direct the offset of funds owed to a person under 26 U.S.C. 6402 if the person owes a covered unemployment insurance tax debt. “Covered unemployment insurance tax debt” means: (a) employer contributions, penalties, and interest owed to the unemployment insurance fund for which the Department determines a person is liable and that remain uncollected; and (b) any costs or processing fees associated with obtaining an offset for a covered unemployment insurance tax debt.

Monetary entitlement. The maximum number of weeks of benefits allowable for a domestic violence, sexual assault, or stalking good cause separation is 14 (previously, 10).

Overpayments. Under the provisions concerning the collection of benefit overpayments, the claimant is responsible for any costs or processing fees associated with obtaining an offset of funds owed to a person under 26 U.S.C. 6402 if the person owes a covered unemployment compensation debt.

The Department may enter into an agreement with a claimant for a lump-sum repayment to collect a benefit overpayment if the benefit overpayment was not the result of a false claim, a misrepresentation, or failure to disclose a material fact by the claimant. The agreement must provide that: (i) the lump-sum repayment amount is more than 5 percent of the amount due; and (ii) the remaining unpaid amount of the benefit overpayment is a debt that is forgiven if the claimant does not, in conjunction with a claim for unemployment benefits, make a false claim or misrepresentation or fail to disclose a material fact during the 2-year period following the claimant’s repayment of the lump-sum amount to which agreed.

Except as otherwise provided, a benefit offset may not exceed 50 percent of the weekly benefits to which a claimant is entitled unless the claimant gives consent (previously, unless the claimant gives written consent.)

Under the provisions concerning collection of benefit compensation, the phrase “covered unemployment compensation debt” is changed to “covered unemployment compensation benefit debt” that means a benefit overpayment and penalty that has been adjudicated as a debt under the state Unemployment Insurance Law and has remained uncollected, and that is owed because of: (i) the erroneous payment of unemployment compensation resulting from the person’s own sears solutions mastercard login or (ii) the person’s failure to report earnings, irrespective of whether this failure constitutes fraud.

(Previously, “covered unemployment compensation debt” meant (i) a benefit overpayment and penalty owed because of the erroneous payment of unemployment compensation resulting from fraud, which has been adjudicated as a debt under the state Unemployment Insurance Law and has remained uncollected for not more than 10 years; or (ii) employer contributions, penalty, and interest owed to the unemployment trust fund that the Department determines are attributable to fraud and that have remained uncollected for not more than 10 years.)

The preceding overpayment provisions apply retroactively to debts incurred on or before July 1, 2015.

Extensions and special programs. Under the short-time compensation program, the work search requirement may be waived, if during the week of application, the applicant is employed in an affected unit included within an approved short-time compensation plan.

Nonmonetary eligibility. To establish availability for work in the job market to which attached, a claimant will register for work and engage in an active work search.

A claimant must complete the registration for work, create an active, fcbanking com webbank, and searchable resume with the state Department of Labor, and continuously maintain such resume. A claimant’s registration for work and resume will be considered inactive after 90 consecutive days of non-use of the web application, and the claimant will be determined to not be available for work.

To be “available for work,” a claimant for whom the work search requirement has not been waived must actively seek work.

For benefit years beginning prior to October 1, 2015, a claimant will also be required to make an active and earnest search for work that is reasonably calculated to result in the earliest possible reemployment of the claimant. The search will include, for each week of benefits, at least two contacts with employers in person, by mail, by telephone, or by other electronic media. A claimant will record each week’s work search effort in an electronic web application maintained by the Department of Labor as the Commissioner of Labor shall direct. A claimant will record work search contacts (a) during the week in which looking for work, or (b) at the same time claiming benefits for the benefit week for which the work search was performed. However, a claimant will not be able to record work search contacts after submitting a claim for benefits for the benefit week the work searches were performed. A failure to record the work search effort in the directed manner will be considered a failure to report as directed, and the claimant will be ineligible for the week in which he or she failed to report.

For benefit years beginning on or after October 1, 2015, a claimant for whom the work search requirement has not been waived will be required to make an active and earnest search for work that is reasonably calculated bank of america locations open on saturday result in the earliest possible reemployment of the claimant. An active and earnest search for work will include five job contacts with employers each benefit week, including but not limited to inquiries and applications made in person, by mail, by telephone, or by other electronic media for permanent positions. A claimant attached to a Nebraska job market shall make at least one of the five job contacts with employers each benefit week through the Nebraska Department of Labor’s web application for Reemployment and Benefit services.

During each of the first 5 benefit weeks claimed, each claimant shall make no less than five job contacts with employers who may reasonably be expected to have openings for suitable work, except that contacts with the same employer more than once in a 4-week period are not credited as a work search contact unless a new job is posted by the employer or available. At least one of the five job contacts with employers will be an application for suitable work.

Beginning with the sixth benefit week claimed, each claimant will make no less than five job contacts with employers who may reasonably be expected to have openings for suitable work, except that contacts with the same employer more than once in a 4-week period are not credited as a work search contact unless a new job is posted by the employer or available. The job contacts with employers will occur on at least 3 different days of the benefit week. At least two of the five job contacts with employers will be applications for suitable work.

Beginning with the 14th benefit week claimed, each claimant will make no less than five job contacts with employers who may reasonably be expected to have openings for suitable work, except that contacts with the same employer more than once in a 4-week period are not credited as a work search contact unless a new job is posted by the employer or available. The job contacts with employers must occur on at least 4 different days of the benefit week. At least two of the five job contacts with employers shall be applications for suitable work.

A claimant must record each week’s work search effort in an electronic web application maintained by the state Department of Labor and provide such information as is requested so that the work search contact can be verified. A claimant will record work search contacts (a) during the week looking for work, or (b) at the same time claiming benefits for the benefit week for which the work search was performed. However, a claimant will not be able to record his or her work search contacts after submitting a claim for benefits for the benefit week the work searches were performed. A failure to record the work search effort in the directed manner will be considered a failure to report as directed, and the claimant will be ineligible for the week in which he or she failed to report.

Beginning with the sixth benefit week claimed, a claimant (previously, a claimant who has drawn benefits for over 6 weeks) will be required to expand the scope of the job search regarding acceptable hours, wages, conditions, location, and type of work.

Administration. The Administrator of the Employment Security Division is allowed, in accordance with a cooperative agreement among all participants in the statewide longitudinal data system developed pursuant to Nevada Revised Statutes (NRS) 400.040, to make the information obtained by the Division available to the Board of Regents of the University of Nevada for the purpose of complying with the provisions of subsection 4 of NRS 396.531, and the Director of the Department of Employment, Training, and Rehabilitation for the purpose of complying with the provisions of paragraph (d) of subsection 1 of NRS 232.920.

The Division of Industrial Relations of the Department of Business and Industry (previously, a private carrier that provides industrial insurance in this state) must periodically (previously, during the preceding month) submit to the administrator, from information in the index of claims established pursuant to NRS 616B.018, a list containing the name of each person who received benefits pursuant to Chapters 616A to 616D, inclusive, or Chapter 617 of NRS. Upon receipt of that information, the administrator shall compare the information so provided with the records of the Employment Security Division regarding persons claiming benefits for the same period. The information submitted by the Division of Industrial Relations (previously, by the private carrier) must be in a form determined by the administrator and must contain the Social Security number of each such person. If it appears from the information submitted that a person is simultaneously claiming benefits, the administrator shall notify the Attorney General or any other appropriate law enforcement agency. The language requiring the administrator to charge a fee to cover the actual costs of any related administrative expenses is deleted.

Coverage. Full-time active duty, for state National Guard or state Air National Guard members with 90 days of continuous service, will be considered as “employment.” Active National or Air National Guard/Reserve members who are ordered to 90 days or more of continuous active duty or full-time National or Air National Guard duty will be considered employed and upon separation will be eligible to use the wages for an unemployment compensation for Ex-servicemembers (UCX) claim. The federal government will fund any UCX compensation paid to an unemployed worker whose base period wages include federal military wages (expires May 29, 2015).

The definition of “employment” excludes services community financial credit union login as a member of the state Army National Guard or state Air National Guard unless the member:

(a) was ordered to full-time active duty for at least 90 consecutive days;

(b) is paid under Title 32 of the U.S. Code;

(c) is released from military service under unemployment compensation for Ex-servicemembers (UCX) eligibility separation reasons; and

(d) is otherwise entitled to receive benefits.

The term “employee leasing company” means a company which, pursuant to a written or oral agreement intended by the parties to create an ongoing relationship, places any of the regular, full-time employees of a client company on its payroll and, for a fee, leases them to the client company. (Previously, “employee leasing company” meant a company which, pursuant to a written or oral agreement: (a) places any of the regular, full-time employees of a client company on its payroll and, for a fee, leases them to the client company on a regular basis without any limitation on the duration of their employment, or (b) leases to a client company: (1) five or more part-time or full-time employees, or (2) 10 percent or more of the total number of employees within a classification of risk established by the commissioner.)

The term “ongoing relationship” means a relationship wherein the rights, duties, and obligations of an employer, which arise out of an employment relationship, are allocated between the employee leasing company and the client company on an ongoing, long-term basis. The term does not include a temporary or project-specific agreement between an employee leasing company and a client company.

An applicant (a person seeking a certificate of registration to operate an employee leasing company) who is required to submit a financial statement may submit a consolidated or combined audited financial statement that includes, but is not exclusive to, the applicant.

A client company of an employee leasing company as defined in NRS 616B.670 will be deemed to be the employer of the employees it leases for the purposes of Chapter 612 of NRS (purposes of unemployment compensation). (Previously, the law provided that an employee leasing company that complies with the provisions of NRS 616B.670 to 616B.697, inclusive, will be deemed to be the employer of the employees it leases to a client company. The provisions apply only for the purposes of Chapters 612 and 616A to 617, inclusive, of NRS.)

The following language of NRS 616B.682 is repealed: An employee leasing company is required to maintain an office or similar site in this state for retaining, reviewing, and auditing its payroll records and written agreements with client companies; to maintain at the office or site records establishing that the employee leasing company maintains current policies of workers’ compensation insurance or satisfies its obligation to provide such coverage; and to keep records open for inspection and copying.

Overpayments. Except as otherwise provided in the next paragraph, at any time within 5 years after the notice of overpayment, the administrator may recover the amount of the overpayment by using the same methods of collection for the collection of past due contributions or by deducting the amount of the overpayment from any benefits payable to the liable person.

If the overpayment is due to fraud, misrepresentation, or willful nondisclosure, the administrator may, within 10 years after the notice of overpayment, recover any amounts due the bank of missouri scott city mo accordance with the provisions of NRS 612.7102 to 612.7116, inclusive.

In addition to other criteria, a person shall not make a false statement or representation, knowing it to be false, or knowingly fail to disclose a material fact in order to obtain or increase any benefit or other payment, including, without limitation, by filing a claim for, or receiving benefits and failing to disclose at the time he or she files the claim or receives the benefits, any compensation for a temporary total disability or a temporary partial disability or money for rehabilitative services pursuant to Chapters 616A to 616D, inclusive, or 617 of NRS received by the person or for which a claim has been submitted pursuant to those chapters.

### New Jersey

Financing. Upon a determination by the Controller of the state Department of Labor that an employer (1) has failed to pay any required contribution to the unemployment compensation fund, the state disability benefits fund, or the Family Temporary Disability Leave Account of the state disability benefits fund, including any contribution the employer is required to collect from his or her employees to pay into the funds, (2) has not made the required payment after notification by the controller of the failure, and (3) has not been approved by the controller for an extension of time in which to make the payment or for other deferral of payment, the controller will notify the Director of the Division of Budget and Accounting in the state Department of the Treasury of the failure.

The amount of assessment for contributions, penalties, and interest due will be regarded as a state tax debt of the employer. If the employer is under contract to provide goods or services to the state or its agencies or instrumentalities, including the legislative and judicial branches of the state government, the set-off procedures will be utilized to have payments withheld from the employer under the contract as needed to satisfy the indebtedness. A fine equal to 25 percent of the contributions owed will also be withheld in addition to the amount of the indebtedness. This provision will not apply to any employer mentioned in this paragraph if the indebtedness is less than $300. In the case of a failure to pay contributions to the unemployment compensation fund, the delinquent amount of contributions will be deposited into the unemployment compensation fund after which the fine, penalties, and interest due will be deposited into the unemployment compensation auxiliary fund. In the case of a failure to pay contributions to the state disability benefits fund or the Family Temporary Disability Leave Account of the state disability benefits fund, the delinquent amount of contributions will be deposited into the state disability benefits fund or the Family Temporary Disability Leave Account of that fund, as appropriate, after which the fine, penalties, and interest due will be deposited into the administration account of the state disability benefits fund. A portion of the fines will be used to reimburse the Division of Budget and Accounting for expenses incurred by the state Department of the Treasury. Nonmonetary eligibility. The requalification provision that an individual become reemployed, work 8 weeks in employment, and earn 10 times his or her weekly benefit amount for leaving work voluntarily without good cause attributable to such work, does not apply to an individual who voluntarily leaves work with one employer to accept from another employer employment that commences not more than 7 days after the individual leaves employment with the first employer, if the employment with the second employer has weekly hours or pay not less than the hours or pay of the employment of the first employer, except that if the individual gives notice to the first employer that the individual will leave employment on a specified date and the first employer terminates the individual before that date, the 7-day period will commence from the specified date. ### New York Extensions and special programs. The expiration date of the self-employment assistance program is December 7, 2017 (previously, December 7, 2016); upon such date the program shall be deemed repealed. ### North Carolina Administration. The state Division of Employment Security is created within the state Department of Commerce and will administer the provisions under the supervision of the Assistant Secretary of Commerce. (Previously, provided that the Division of Employment Security was created within the Department of Commerce and shall administer the provisions under the supervision of the Assistant Secretary of Commerce through two coordinate sections: the Employment Security Section and the Employment Insurance Section. The Employment Security Section will administer the employment services functions of the Division while the Employment Insurance Section will administer the unemployment taxation and assessment functions of the Division.) The Division must carry out the following activities to achieve the unemployment insurance program integrity measures: 1. Prioritize Division program integrity efforts that maximize utilization of and information sharing to prevent, detect, and reduce unemployment insurance fraud, improper payments, overpayments, and other programmatic irregularities with or between the following projects and initiatives: Government Data Analytics Center (GDAC); Southeast Consortium Unemployment Insurance Benefits Initiative (SCUBI); and any other program integrity capabilities identified by the Division. 2. Coordinate efforts with the Office of Information Technology Services to ensure that the Division identifies and integrates into its operations and procedures the most effective and accurate processes and scalable tools available to prevent payment of fraudulent, suspicious, or irregular claims. 3. Coordinate efforts with the Department of Revenue to enhance alerts indicating circumvention of the payment of unemployment insurance taxes. 4. Coordinate efforts with the Department of Health and Human Services to facilitate claims cross‑matching and other appropriate steps to enhance program integrity. 5. Coordinate efforts with the Office of the State Controller to facilitate cross‑matching and other appropriate steps using BEACON (Building Enterprise Access for North Carolina’s Core Operation Needs). Beginning October 1, 2015, and quarterly thereafter, the Division must make detailed written progress reports to various committees and subcommittees on its efforts to carry out all of the directives. Beginning January 1, 2016, the Division must make an annual report to the General Assembly on its efforts to carry out all of the directives. The Division of Motor Vehicles is permitted to disclose a Social Security number to the Department of Commerce, Division of Employment Security, for the purpose of verifying employer and claimant identity. A domestic service employer who files a report by telephone must contact either the tax auditor assigned to the employer’s account or the Division of Employment Security (previously, the Employment Insurance Section) in Raleigh and report the required information by the date the report is due. Any existing rule that has not been readopted and filed with the Rules Review Commission by May 20, 2015 (previously, by December 31, 2012) shall expire. Rules are adopted to codify many of the existing policies and practices utilized in the unemployment insurance program, including applicable definitions, procedural requirements, records management, financing, hearings, and appeals. Appeals. The second level appeal entity is to the Board of Review (previously, the Division of Employment Security). Section 96‑4(b) of the General Statutes and Section 21 of Session Law 2013‑224 concerning the appointment process and staggered terms for members of the Board of Review are repealed. The Board of Review (Board) is created to determine appeals policies and procedures and to hear appeals arising from the decisions and determinations of the Division. The Department of Commerce must assign staff to the Board. The Board and its staff must perform their job responsibilities independent of the Governor, the General Assembly, the Department, and the Division, and in accordance with any written guidance promulgated and issued by the U.S. Department of Labor. The Board consists of three members appointed by the Governor and subject to confirmation by the General Assembly. One member must be classified as representative of employees, one member must be classified as representative of employers, and one member must be classified as representative of the general public. The member appointed to represent the general public will serve as chair of the Board and must be a licensed attorney in the state. Members of the Board serve staggered 4‑year terms. A term begins on July 1 of the year of appointment and ends on June 30 of the fourth year. No individual may serve more than two terms on the Board. Based on a study of the value provided to the state by the Board of Review, the Division will report its findings and recommendations to several committees. A decision of the Board becomes final 30 days after the date of mailing unless a party to the decision seeks judicial review. Judicial review is permitted only after a party claiming to be aggrieved by the decision has exhausted the remedies provided in Chapter 96 of the General Statutes and has filed a petition for review in the superior court of the county in which the petitioner resides or the county in which the petitioner’s principal place of business is located (Previously, provided that any decision of the Division, in the absence of judicial review, or in the absence of an interested party filing a request for reconsideration, will become final 30 days after the date of notification or mailing thereof, whichever is earlier. Judicial review will be permitted only after a party claiming to be aggrieved by the decision has exhausted his remedies before the Division and has filed a petition for review in the superior court of the county in which he resides or has his principal place of business.) (applicable to decisions made on or after October 1, 2015) (effective October 1, 2015). The Assistant Secretary will appoint hearing officers or appeals referees to hear contested matters arising from the Division (previously, arising from the Employment Security Section and the Employment Insurance Section). A continuance of an appeal may be granted only upon such terms and conditions as the Division by rule shall provide. Instances of acceptable grounds for granting a continuance are specified. (Previously, a continuance of an appeal may be granted only for good cause shown and upon such terms and conditions as justice may require and for specified examples of good cause for granting a continuance.) Financing. When the Division of the Department of Commerce prevails in a civil action against an employer to collect unpaid employment taxes under Section 96‑10(b) of the General Statutes, the Division may attach or garnish the employer’s credit card receipts or other third‑party payments in payment of the unpaid taxes in the appropriate manner. Direct receipt by the Division is a sufficient discharge for the amount paid by a credit card company, clearinghouse, or third‑party payment processor. Any judgment that is executable and allowed under Section 96-10(b)(1) of the General Statutes will be subject to attachment and garnishment under Section 1‑359(b) of union savings bank online banking General Statutes in payment of unpaid taxes that are due from the employer and collectable. Effective September 10, 2015, “total insured wages” are the total wages reported by all insured employers for the 12‑month period ending on June 30 (previously, ending on July 31) preceding the computation date (applicable to contributions payable for calendar quarters beginning on or after January 1, 2014). Effective January 3, 2016, benefits paid to an individual are charged to an employer’s account quarterly (previously, charged to an employer’s account when the individual’s benefit year has expired) (applicable to claims effective on or after January 3, 2016; claims filed prior to January 3 will be charged annually when the benefit year for that claim ends). Monetary entitlement. Effective July 1, 2015, Section 96-14.3 of the General Statutes is amended to: · Delete the phrase “minimum and maximum duration of benefits” and replace it with the phrase “duration of benefits.” Deletes the “minimum number of weeks” column with weeks ranging from 5 to 13. · Change the “maximum number of weeks” column to read “number of weeks” with the number of weeks of duration remaining from 12 to 20 based on the seasonal adjusted unemployment rate. · Delete that the number of weeks allowed for an individual is determined in accordance with Section 96‑14.4 of the General Statutes. · Add that the total benefits paid to an individual equals the individual’s weekly benefit amount multiplied by the number of weeks allowed when the claim is filed. Effective July 1, 2015, under Section 96-14.12(b) of the General Statutes, the maximum number of weeks an individual who performed services for a corporation in which he or she held 5 percent or more of the outstanding shares of voting stock, or an individual’s spouse, may receive benefits is 6 weeks (previously, limited to the lesser of 6 weeks or the applicable weeks determined under Section 96‑14.4 of the General Statutes). Effective July 1, 2015, the provisions under Section 96-16(f) of the General Statutes regarding a seasonal worker’s eligibility to receive benefits based on seasonal wages or nonseasonal wages will be determined by multiplying the maximum benefits payable in his or her benefit year, as provided in Section 96‑14.3 of the General Statutes (previously, Section 96‑14.4 of the General Statutes), by the percentage obtained by dividing the seasonal wages in his or her base period by all of his or her base period wages. Effective September 10, 2015, to obtain benefits, an individual must file a valid claim for unemployment benefits, register for work, and have a weekly benefit amount calculated that equals or exceeds$15 (Previously, an individual must file a valid claim for unemployment benefits and register for work.) (applicable to benefit claims filed on or after October 4, 2015).

Effective July 1, 2015, the following Section 19-14.4 of the General Statutes is repealed:

(a) The total amount of benefits paid to an individual may not exceed the individual’s total benefit amount. The total benefit amount for an individual is determined as follows:

(1) Divide the individual’s base-period wages by the average of the wages paid to the individual in the last two completed quarters of the base period.

(2) Multiply the quotient by eight and two-thirds.

(3) Round the product to the nearest whole number.

(4) Multiply the resulting amount by the individual’s weekly benefit amount as determined under Section 96-14.2 of the General Statutes.

(b) The number of weeks an individual may receive benefits varies depending on the seasonal adjusted statewide unemployment rate hud homes for sale in fairburn ga applies at the time the regular unemployment claim is filed. The total first data merchant services platforms paid to an individual may not be less than the individual’s average weekly benefit amount multiplied by the minimum number of weeks allowed in accordance with Section 96-14.3 of the General Statutes. The total benefits paid to an individual may not exceed the lesser of the following:

(1) The individual’s average weekly benefit amount multiplied by the maximum number of weeks allowed in accordance with Section 96-14.3 of the General Statutes.

(2) The individual’s total benefit amount, as calculated under subsection (a) of this section.

Nonmonetary eligibility. Effective January 1, 2016, the number of job contacts with potential employers required during the week is five (previously, two), and the requirement for the contacts to be on at least two different days during the week is eliminated (applicable to claims for benefits filed on or after January 1, 2016).

For unemployment benefits eligibility, an individual must, among other things, report as requested by the Division (previously, report at an employment office as requested by the Division) and present to the Division one of the following valid photo identifications:

(1) A driver’s license, learner’s permit, provisional license, or nonoperator’s identification card issued by North Carolina, another state, the District of Columbia, U.S. territory, or U.S. commonwealth.

(2) A U.S. Passport.

(3) A U.S. military identification card.

(4) A Veterans Identification Card issued by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs.

(5) A tribal enrollment card issued by a federally recognized tribe.

(6) Any other document that the Division determines adequately identifies the individual and that is issued by the U.S., any state, the District of Columbia, U.S. territory, or U.S. commonwealth.

(7) A traveler card issued by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, such as the NEXUS SENTRI and FAST CARDS.

### North Dakota

Nonmonetary eligibility. “Stalking” is added to the list of good personal causes for voluntarily leaving employment.

Documentation requirements to authenticate a good cause quit due to stalking must include:

·         A police or law enforcement record; and

·         A written affidavit provided by an individual who has assisted the claimant in dealing with the stalking and who is a:

o   Member of the clergy;

o   Director of domestic violence advocate at a domestic violence sexual assault organization as defined in section 14-07.1-01; or

### Ohio

Administration. The Director of the state Department of Job and Family Services may issue a corrected determination or order pursuant to Division (H) of Section 4141.26 of the Ohio Revised Code, correcting a prior erroneous determination or order, except that the director may not issue such a corrected determination or order more than 30 days after the issuance of the prior determination or order if the erroneous determination or order was caused solely by omission or error of the Department and such a correction would adversely affect the employer or any of the employers that were parties in interest to the erroneous determination or order.

Procedures for the implementation of any furlough are established. The director is permitted to authorize an appointing authority to furlough employees on a nonpermanent basis based on a lack of funding from the federal government at the appointing authority’s discretion. An appointing authority will determine which employees are impacted based on the lack of federal funding.

The appointing authority must pay impacted employees amazon credit card sign in page the loss of federally funded wages while on furlough only if funding for such lost federally funded wages is provided by the federal government and such funding is specifically designated chase marriott premier plus credit card the U.S. Congress for such wage reimbursement. Any such reimbursement to an impacted employee will be offset by any unemployment benefits received by the impacted employee or interim wages of the impacted employee earned while on furlough.

Appeals. Notices or materials pertaining to appeals are authorized to be sent through electronic means.

The provision for good cause for failure of an employer to appear from the “decision on nonappearance” section of the appeals process is deleted.

Financing. The Ohio Attorney General must enter into an agreement with the U.S. Secretary of the Treasury to participate in the federal Treasury Offset Program (TOP) for the collection of the following debts certified to the Attorney General pursuant to Section 131.02 of the Ohio Revised Code: (a) state income tax obligations pursuant to 26 U.S.C. 6402(e); and (b) covered unemployment compensation debts pursuant to 26 U.S.C. 6402(f).

Monetary entitlement. In addition to other requirements, an individual must perform services and earn wages in covered employment to meet the requirements of establishing a second benefit year. Compensation paid to an individual that is payment for services not in covered employment or that does not represent payment for services performed, including but not limited to back pay, shall not be used prudential insurance co of america meet this requirement. (Previously, compensation paid to an individual that is not for services performed, including but not limited to back pay, shall not be used to meet this requirement.)

Nonmonetary eligibility. An individual may be permitted to file an application for determination of benefit rights by telephone or other electronic means if one or more the following factors apply: (1) the individual had Ohio employment or (2) the individual is physically present in Ohio at the time of the application. (The third factor that “the individual resides in Ohio at the time of the application” is deleted.)

### Oklahoma

Administration. The filing of an employer protest to a claim and documents through the employer portal is an optional procedure for the employer. If filing using the portal option, an employer may file a statement of objections to the claim at any time within 10 days from the moment of discharge or separation from employment. If the employer chooses not to file through the portal, the protest and documents must be filed with the state Employment Security Commission at the address prescribed in the notice within 10 days after the date on the notice or the date of the postmark on the envelope (effective April 30, 2016).

The words “Workforce Investment Act programs” are deleted from the Unemployment Compensation Act and the words “workforce system programs” are inserted in their place. The words “Workforce Investment Act of 1998” are deleted from the Act.

Coverage. The term “employment” includes domestic service in a private home, local college club, or local chapter of a college fraternity or sorority, performed for a person or entity who paid cash remuneration of $1,000 or more to individuals employed in domestic service in any calendar quarter in the calendar year or the preceding calendar year (added “or entity”). The term “employment” excludes service performed by persons working under an AmeriCorps grant from the Corporation for National Service made pursuant to the National and Community Service Act of 1990, codified at 42 U.S.C. Section 12501, et seq. Financing.The computation of the percentage of wages payable is changed to: Beginning January 1, 2016, each employer, unless otherwise prescribed in Sections 3-111, 3-111.1, 3-701 or 3-801 of the Unemployment Compensation Act or Section 14 of this Act, shall pay contributions equal to 1.5 percent of taxable wages paid by the employer with respect to employment. (Previously, beginning January 1, 1996, each employer, unless otherwise prescribed in Sections 3-111, 3-111.1, 3-112, 3-701 or 3-801 of the Unemployment Compensation Act, shall pay contributions equal to a percent of taxable wages paid by the employer with respect to employment which shall be the greater of 1 percent or the average contribution rate paid by all employers during the second year preceding the current calendar year. The average contribution rate shall be calculated by dividing annual net contributions received by total annual taxable wages.) An employer will be relieved of a benefit wage charge if the employer satisfactorily proves that the benefit wage charge includes wages paid by the employer to any employee or former employee, who: (1) left employment with that employer, or with his or her last employer, voluntarily without good cause connected to the work; or (2) was discharged from such employment for misconduct connected with his or her work; except an employer will not be relieved of a benefit wage charge, under the preceding circumstances, if the employer was sent a notice of benefit claim and failed to timely file protest to the benefit claim. The commission shall be authorized to collect state unemployment tax indebtedness established pursuant to Article 3 of the Employment Security Act of 1980, through the Best buy bangor me hours Offset Program of the U.S. Department of the Treasury pursuant to 26 U.S.C. Section 6402(f) and 31 CFR Section 285.8. Section 3-110 of the Unemployment Compensation Act titled “Minimum Contributions” that states no employer’s rate shall be less than the greater of 1 percent or the average contribution rate paid by all employers during the second year preceding the current calendar year, unless throughout the 1 calendar year immediately preceding such year some eligible individual could have filed a claim in each quarter of said year establishing a base period as prescribed by Section 1-202 of the Unemployment Compensation Act, which would include wages from that employer, is repealed. Section 3-112 of the Unemployment Compensation Act titled “Employers With At Least One Year’s Experience” is repealed. Nonmonetary eligibility. The commission may require an individual to personally appear at a location for a purpose relevant to, among other things, the individual’s reemployment services. If the individual fails to appear, the individual’s claim for unemployment benefits will be (previously, may be) disqualified indefinitely by the commission until the individual makes a personal appearance as directed. Overpayments. The following procedures will apply to a notice of levy served on an employer or a contracting entity: · Any employer that fails or refuses to surrender money or rights to money belonging to its employee in the employer’s possession, or that fails or refuses to make the appropriate deduction from wages pursuant to a levy upon being served with a notice of levy and supporting warrant of levy and lien of the commission, shall be liable to the commission in a sum equal to the amount of money, rights to money, or wage deduction not so surrendered, but not exceeding the amount of the debtor’s indebtedness for the collection of which the levy has been made, together with accrued interest, and the cost of service of the notice of levy. Any amount recovered in this manner shall be credited against the liability of the debtor for the benefit overpayment indebtedness, for which the levy was made. · Any employer in possession of money or rights to money subject to levy upon arizona department of economic security form uc 018 a levy has been made that surrenders the money or rights to money to the commission shall be discharged from any obligation or liability to the debtor and any other person or entity with respect to such money or rights to money arising from the surrender or payment. The commission is authorized to collect unemployment benefit overpayment indebtedness through the Tax Offset Program of the U.S. Department of the Treasury pursuant to 26 U.S.C. Section 6402(f) and 31 CFR Section 285.8. The commission may submit overpayment indebtedness due to claimant error, if the claimant error overpayment was due to a failure to report earnings. ### Oregon Financing. For the biennium beginning July 1, 2015, of Reed Act funds made available to the state on March 13, 2002, under federal law, as amended, the amount of$24,300,000 is appropriated to the state Employment Department to be used under the direction of the Department for the purposes of administering unemployment compensation law and public employment offices, and for debt service and capital improvements.

For the biennium beginning July 1, 2015, of modernization funds made available to the state on June 4, 2009 and July 16, 2009, under federal law, as amended, the amount of $25,000,000 is appropriated to the state Employment Department to be used under the direction of the Department for the purposes of administering unemployment compensation law and public employment offices, and for debt service and capital improvements. Extensions and special programs. The following shared-work program provisions are amended: · The provision that an individual shall be disqualified for benefits payable under Sections 657.370 to 657.390 of the Oregon Employment Department Law for any week in which paid work is the next step i only have eyes for you for the shared-work employer in excess of the reduced hours as set forth in the approved plan, is deleted. · Except as otherwise provided by Sections 657.370 to 657.390 of the Oregon Employment Department Law, all provisions of the Oregon Employment Department Law and rules adopted by the Director of the Employment Department apply to Sections 657.370 to 657.390 of the Oregon Employment Department Law. The director may adopt such rules as the director considers necessary to carry out the purposes of Sections 657.370 to 657.390 (applicable to weeks that begin on or after June 22, 2015). (Previously, except as otherwise provided by or inconsistent with Sections 657.370 to 657.390 of the Oregon Employment Department Law, all provisions of the Oregon Employment Department Law and the rules of the director apply to Sections 657.370 to 657.390. The director may adopt such rules as are deemed necessary to make distinctions and requirements to carry out the purposes of Sections 657.370 to 657.390.) · A shared-work employer shall be charged for shared-work benefits in the manner provided for charging employers for regular benefits or extended benefits (applicable to charges to shared-work employers made on or after June 22, 2015). (Previously, an employer who participates in an approved shared-work plan after December 31, 1993, shall pay into the Unemployment Compensation Trust Fund an amount equivalent to all shared work benefits paid to employees of the employer under the plan during any rating period for which the employer’s benefit ratio, expressed as a percentage rounded to the nearest 0.1 percent, is in excess of the employer’s tax rate for the rating period.) · Notwithstanding the previous paragraph or any other provision of law to the contrary, a shared work employer may not be charged for any portion of shared-work weather west valley city ut paid with respect to which federal law (a) permits the noncharging of benefits paid; and (b) provides for the funding of shared-work benefits (applicable to charges to shared-work employers made on or after June 22, 2015). (Previously, all reimbursement obligations arising under Section 657.390 are in addition to and separate from any other obligation imposed under the Oregon Employment Department Law.) · The following Section 657.390(3) of the Oregon Employment Department Law is deleted: (a) At the end of each calendar quarter, the Director of the Employment Department shall determine the amount of reimbursement due to the fund from each employer participant in a shared-work plan and shall bill each employer for the amount determined. (b) Notwithstanding paragraph (a) of this subsection, an amount of shared-work benefits may not be billed to an employer during any rating period in which federal law provides for 100 percent of the funding of shared-work benefits. (c) The reimbursement shall be subject to the same interest, penalty, and collection provisions as any other reimbursement of unemployment insurance contributions. (4) Notwithstanding Section 657.471 of the Oregon Employment Department Law or any other provision to the contrary, no benefit charges that are reimbursable under this section may be included in an employer’s benefit charges for any purpose in any rating period. Nonmonetary eligibility. Adds an exception to the presumption that an individual who leaves the individual’s normal labor market area for the major portion of any week is unavailable for work, such that the presumption may be overcome if the individual satisfactorily establishes that the individual was required to be outside the individual’s normal labor market area to apply for suitable employment within the individual’s normal labor market (applicable to weeks beginning on or after May 20, 2015). Overpayments. If an individual has been paid benefits to which the individual is not entitled because of an error not due to fraud, or because an initial decision to pay benefits is subsequently reversed by a decision finding the individual is not eligible for the benefits, the individual is liable to have the amount deducted from any future benefits otherwise payable to the individual under the state’s law or the equivalent law of another state for any week or weeks within 5 years following the week in which the decision establishing the erroneous payment became final. A decision to recover the paid benefits must be final and must specify that the individual is liable to have the amount deducted from any future benefits otherwise payable under the state’s law or the equivalent law of another state for any week or weeks within 5 years following the week in which the decision establishing the erroneous payment became final. If any amount paid to an individual as benefits for which the individual has been found liable, because of misrepresentation, to repay or to have deducted from benefits payable, has neither been repaid nor deducted within a period of 5 years (previously, 3 years) following the date the decision establishing the overpayment became final, and is equal to or is less than the state maximum weekly benefit amount or determined to be uncollectible, the overpayment together with the record of the overpayment and the resulting shortage may be canceled (previously, shall be canceled), and the overpayment, excluding any amount chargeable to reimbursable employers, shall be permanently charged to the fund. In addition to other criteria, the director may request an offset against liquidated state debt under Section 657.390 of the Oregon Employment Department Law only if the debt was caused by the debtor’s (a) willfully making a false statement or misrepresentation, or willfully failing to report a material fact, to obtain any benefits under the Oregon Employment Department Law; (b) failure to report earnings or to report earnings accurately; or (c) failure to make contributions to the Unemployment Compensation Trust Fund for which the state has determined the debtor to be liable and that remain uncollected. (Applicable to requests for offsets against liquidated state debt made on or after June 22, 2015.) ### Rhode Island Appeals. An employer who fails to respond to a benefit claim notice within 10 working days (previously, 7) shall not be allowed to contest the determination related to that claim or any resultant benefit charges. Coverage. Service performed by a self-employed individual is added to the exemptions from the definition of employment. Financing. The definition of the term “reserve percentage” is modified to include any voluntary contributions made by an employer to his or her account. The term “voluntary contribution” means a contribution paid by an employer to his or her account to reduce the employer’s experience rate for the ensuing tax year. All voluntary contributions made by the employer will be credited to that employer’s account. Any employer who has been assigned an experience rate, and who has filed all required reports, and has paid all contributions, interest, and penalties due, may make a voluntary contribution to his or her account. Such voluntary contribution shall be paid not later than 30 days after the date on which the Rhode Island Department of Labor and Training has issued a notice of the employer’s experience rate, or prior to the expiration of 120 days after the start of the calendar year for which the experience rate is effective, whichever is earlier. Upon timely payment of a voluntary contribution, the contribution will be credited to the employer’s account balance, and that employer will receive a recomputation of its experience rate for that calendar year. No voluntary contribution will be refunded in whole or in part. Nonmonetary eligibility. An individual must be physically able and available for work full-time and conduct an active search for full-time employment to be eligible for benefits. A suspension for proven misconduct will be treated the same as a discharge for proven misconduct. Overpayments. The receipt of unemployment benefits deposited to a direct deposit account or electronic payment card is considered a statement acknowledging benefit eligibility and is unlawful if the individual knowingly made a false or fraudulent statement for the purpose of receiving benefits. A monetary or nonmonetary determination may be reconsidered and a new determination issued any time within one year of the date of the original determination if the determination was the result of a mistake, an error has occurred in connection with it, or the initial determination was the result of nondisclosure or misrepresentation of a material fact. (Previously, undetected or unknown how long has amazon been in business may be redetermined within 1 year of the discovery of the issue.) Any issue that is older than 6 years as of the date of detection of the issue will not be addressed. Benefits paid during an employer’s appeal that is sustained are not recoverable unless the overpayment is the result of fraud committed by the claimant. Effective October 1, 2013, an overpayment established following an employer’s appeal that is the result of fraud will be recoverable from the claimant with penalties and interest. ### South Carolina Nonmonetary eligibility. An insured worker shall be ineligible for benefits if the insured worker provides a blood, hair, oral fluid (added as a specimen), or urine specimen during a drug test administered on behalf of the employer, which tests positive for illegal drugs or legal drugs used unlawfully, provided among other things that the test was performed by a laboratory certified to perform such tests by the United States Department of Health and Human Services (HSDHHS)/Substance Abuse Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) (previously, the National Institute on Drug Abuse), the College of American Pathologists, or the State Law Enforcement Division; and an initial positive test was confirmed on the specimen using the gas chromatography/mass spectrometry method, or an equivalent or a more accurate scientifically accepted method approved by the USDHHS/SAMHSA (previously, by the National Institute on Drug Abuse). ### South Dakota Financing. The following Section 61-5-26 of the state Employment Security Law is repealed: Qualification for rate based on experience by employer moving from another state—Information certified. Notwithstanding any other provision of the unemployment compensation law, an employer who transfers all or a segregable part of the employer’s operations from another state to this state shall be deemed to be a qualified employer as of the computation date applicable to the calendar year within which the transfer occurs, if: (1) the employer has paid wages subject to the Federal Unemployment Tax Act for 18 consecutive completed calendar quarters immediately preceding the specified computation date; (2) within 90 days of the transfer of operations, the employer notifies the Department of Labor and Regulation and requests a contribution rate; and (3) the employer certifies to the Department all information with respect to wages, contributions, and benefit charges in connection with the transferred operations and any other information that the Department determines to be necessary. The provision asserting that the employer has 15 days after receipt of notice of determination of the computed contribution rate within which to withdraw the employer’s request for application, is repealed. The following Section 61-5-26.2 of the state Employment Security Law is repealed: Information required on benefits paid in other state on transferred operations. The employer shall furnish to the Department at such times as the Department prescribes all information that the Department determines to be necessary with respect to those benefits paid, subsequent to the transfer and prior to each succeeding computation date, which were based on wages, applicable to the transferred operations, paid in such other state. The following Section 61-5-26.3 of the state Employment Security Law is repealed: Consideration of experience in state from which operation transferred—Computation of contribution rate. Wages, contributions, and benefits resulting in rating account charges in connection with the transferred operations shall be deemed to have been paid in this state for the purpose of computing rates. The employer’s rating account balance applicable to the transferred operations prior to the transfer date shall be the balance used in determining the first year’s rate. The balance for the second and third years shall be the amount transferred from the other state less benefits after the date of transfer and the contributions paid less benefits charged in this state during the period. The following Section 61-5-26.4 of the state Employment Security Law is repealed: Contribution Rate—Minimum. The contribution rate to be assigned to the employer in this state shall be the rate obtained by the computation provided in the laws, but in no event may the rate assigned be lower than 1½ percent. The following language regarding the Treasury Offset Program and collecting unpaid contributions from employers is added to the state Employment Security Law: · Any contribution unpaid on the date on which it is due and payable is delinquent as of the date originally due, and the employer is liable for repayment of that unemployment compensation debt, which shall include any interest due and any penalty due. · The South Dakota Department of Labor shall take action to recover such unemployment compensation debt in the manner as the recovery of delinquent contributions, and as prescribed under Section 6402(f) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, if the delinquent unemployment compensation debt remains uncollected as of the date that is 1 year after the debt was determined to be due and collected (sic). ### Tennessee Administration.Any notice, decision, or correspondence made by the Commissioner of Employment Security may be electronically transmitted, as long as the receiving party agrees to receive correspondence electronically. Any employing entity of 10 or more workers (previously 250 workers) must file wage reports electronically. Any employing entity with at least 10 but no more than 99 workers may petition to file wage records in hard copy. In addition to any authorized remedies, the state Department of Labor and Workforce Development may offset any covered unemployment compensation debt, as defined in 26 U.S.C. Section 6402, due to the Department against any federal income tax refund due to the Department’s claimant debtor in accordance with Section 6402 of the Internal Revenue Code (26 U.S.C. Section 6402) and the federal Treasury Offset Program (31 CFR Part 285) or any successor program. Overpayments. The following language is deleted from the provisions concerning agency reconsideration of a claim for good cause: There shall be no 1-year limitation on the agency representative reconsidering a decision if a claimant is subsequently convicted of a misdemeanor or felony that caused the separation from the employer; provided, however, that the employer gives notification of the conviction in a reasonable time to the agency. Any overpayment created as a result of a reconsideration because a claimant is subsequently convicted of a misdemeanor or felony that causes the separation from the employer shall be determined to be fraud and the administrator shall not waive repayment of the overpaid amounts. The following language is deleted from the “Offset Expenses and Fees” subsection of the Overpayments section of the Tennessee Code: The Department may exercise this right of setoff of an unemployment compensation debt due the Department against any federal income tax refund due the claimant debtor if the obligation of the debtor was the result of (a) fraud or the claimant debtor’s failure to report earnings; or (b) any penalties and interest assessed by the Department on a debt contemplated by subdivision (b)(2)(E). Moneys received in repayment of unemployment benefits and payment of penalties and interest pursuant to this section shall first be applied to the unemployment benefits received, then to any penalties due, and then to any interest due. (Previously, moneys received in repayment of unemployment benefits and payment of penalties and interest pursuant to subsections (a), (b)(2), and (c) shall first be applied to the unemployment benefits received, then to any interest due.) These moneys shall be used to defray the costs of deterring, detecting, or collecting overpayments. ### Texas Coverage. “Covered employment” excludes service performed by a landman, provided the compensation the individual receives relates only to the performance of service as a landman. Financing. Following a partial acquisition of an organization, trade, or business, common ownership does not exist solely because the predecessor employing unit has the right to repossess the part acquired in the event of the successor’s failure to complete a condition of the acquisition. Additionally, in the case of a partial acquisition where the transfer of experience is required, not later than 2 years following the date of the acquisition, the predecessor and successor employers may jointly submit information to clarify which workers were, in fact, part of the transfer of the trade or business. In a calendar year during which an employee becomes a covered employee of a license holder, a license holder may apply any wages paid to an employee in that calendar year by the client, or by another license holder under a prior professional employer services agreement with that client, toward the maximum amount of taxable wages. A license holder shall report the classification code to the Texas Workforce Commission according to the North American Industry Classification System (previously, as described in the Standard Industrial Classification Manual) of each client. Nonmonetary eligibility. An individual is compensated for the waiting period after having received benefits equal to or exceeding two times the individual’s weekly benefit amount, provided the individual has either: (1) returned to full-time employment after being totally or partially unemployed for at least 7 consecutive days, or (2) exhausted regular benefits for the current benefit year. (Previously, an individual was compensated for the waiting period after receiving benefits equal to or exceeding three times the individual’s weekly benefit amount.) Overpayments. The use of the federal Treasury Offset Program is authorized arizona department of economic security form uc 018 recover certain covered unemployment compensation debts. The state Workforce Commission must notify the debtor of plans to recover the debt through the offset of any federal tax refund. The commission also must provide the debtor at least 60 days after the debt becomes final to present the commission with evidence that all or part of the debt is not legally enforceable, not due to fraud or unreported earnings, or not a contribution owed to the state compensation fund. ### Utah Administration. The Unemployment Insurance Division is allowed to disclose certain information to an employee of the Wage and Hour Division of the U.S. Department of Labor for the purpose of carrying out the programs administered by the Wage and Hour Division as permitted under 20 CFR 603.5(e), if the information is subject to the payment of costs and: · is limited to: o the name and identifying information of an employer found by the Utah Department of Workforce Services to have misclassified one or more workers; o the total number of misclassified workers for that employer; and o the aggregate amount of misclassified wages for that employer; · an employer is given the opportunity to cure a misclassification of one or more workers, in a manner established by Division rule in accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, before the information is disclosed; and · an annual report regarding the benefit to the state from disclosure of information is provided to the Department for inclusion in the Department’s annual report. The preceding disclosure provision is repealed July 1, 2017. ### Virginia Extensions and special programs. The short-time compensation program sunset provision expiring the program on July 1, 2016, is repealed. Financing. The state Department of Taxation is authorized to charge fees of up to 20 percent of revenues generated pursuant to debt collection initiatives associated with the U.S. Treasury Offset Program to pay the administrative costs of supporting such initiatives. These fees are over and above any fees charged by outside collections contractors and/or enhanced collection revenues deposited to the Virginia Technology Infrastructure Fund. Out-of-state businesses operating in Virginia are exempt from making unemployment insurance contributions during declared emergencies when those businesses are aiding the state in recovering from the declared disaster. ### West Virginia Administration. The West Virginia Secretary of State must create an electronic web-based business portal to aid businesses operating or seeking to operate in West Virginia. The business portal must provide business owners with the option to electronically file annual reports and pay unemployment taxes. Additionally, the portal must give downloadable access to all editable forms from the state Division of Labor. ### Wisconsin Administration. The phrase “combined-wage claim” means a claim for benefits filed pursuant to a reciprocal arrangement with any agency similarly charged with the administration of any other unemployment insurance law, for the purpose of assisting the state Labor and Industry Review Commission and such agencies in paying benefits under the several laws to employees while outside their territorial jurisdictions. The phrase “out-of-state employer” means a person who employs an individual who files a combined-wage claim in which the wages and employment from that person are covered under the unemployment compensation law of another state. The state Department of Workforce Development (Department) may issue a determination that an out-of-state employer is at fault for the erroneous payment of benefits under a combined-wage claim in the same manner as the Department issues determinations under the procedures for settlement of issues other than benefit claims, if the unemployment insurance account of the out-of-state employer is potentially chargeable. A determination issued is subject to the same procedures and may be appealed under the same procedures. Extensions and special programs. Effective December 27, 2015, the following work-share program benefit payment provisions are amended: Except as provided in Section 108.062, paragraph (b) (previously, as provided in paragraph (b) and subsection (7)) of the Unemployment Insurance and Reserves Act, an employee who is included under a work-share program and who qualifies to receive regular benefits for any week during the effective period of the program shall receive a benefit payment for each week that the employee is included under the program in an amount equal to the employee’s regular benefit amount multiplied by the employee’s proportionate reduction in hours worked for that week as a result of the work-share program. Such an employee shall receive benefits as calculated under this paragraph and not as provided under the provisions concerning benefits for partial unemployment (applicable to work-share plans approved on December 27, 2015). Effective December 27, 2015, Section 108.062(7) of the Unemployment Insurance and Reserves Act, relating to the work-share program benefit payment provisions, is repealed (applicable to work-share plans approved on December 27, 2015). Financing. Any payments of fees or expenses assessed by the U.S. Secretary of the Treasury and charged to the Department under 26 U.S. Code 6402(f) shall be charged against the state unemployment reserve fund’s balancing account. All money withdrawn from the unemployment reserve fund will be used solely in the payment of benefits, exclusive of expenses of administration; for refunds of sums erroneously paid into the fund; for refund of a positive net balance in an employer’s reimbursement account on request by the employer; for expenditures made and consistently with the federal limitations; and for payment of fees and expenses for collection of overpayments resulting from fraud or failure to report earnings that are assessed by the U.S. Secretary of the Treasury and charged to the Department under 26 U.S. Code 6402(f) (added “and charged to the department”). If any employing unit or any individual who is an officer, employee, member, or manager chase bank business account opening at least 20 percent of the ownership interest of a corporation or of a limited liability company willfully fails to file any required contribution reports or to make payment of contributions to the Department, or to ensure that such reports are filed or that such payments are made, is found to be personally liable and fails to pay to the Department any amount found to be due it in proceedings relating to settlement of issues other than benefit claims, provided that no appeal or review permitted under such proceedings is pending and that the time for taking an appeal or review has expired, the Department or any authorized representative may offset the amount against a federal tax refund as provided in 26 U.S. Code 6402(f). The Department must charge to the fund’s balancing account any benefits otherwise chargeable to the account of a contributing employer whenever an employee of that employer fails, without good cause, to accept suitable work when offered if, as a condition of an offer of employment, the employee submits to a test for the presence of controlled substances and the employer withdrew the conditional offer after the employee either declined to submit to such a test or tested positive for one or more controlled substances without evidence of a valid prescription for each controlled substance for which the employee tested positive. Nonmonetary eligibility. The Department must establish by rule what constitutes suitable work for claimants, and to specify different levels of suitable work based upon the number of weeks that a claimant has received benefits in a given benefit year. The rule may not affect the ability of an employee to fail to accept suitable work for good cause provided in Section 108.04(8)(d) of the Unemployment Insurance and Reserves Act. The Department must establish rules to establish a drug testing program for controlled substances, including rules identifying occupations for which drug testing is regularly conducted in Wisconsin. There is a rebuttable presumption that an employee has failed, without good cause, to accept suitable work when offered if the employing unit required as a condition of an offer of employment that the employee submit to a test for the presence of controlled substances and withdrew the conditional offer after the employee either declined to submit to such a test or tested positive for one or more controlled substances without evidence of a valid prescription for each controlled substance for which the employee tested positive. An employee declining to submit to such a test shall be ineligible for benefits until again qualifying for benefits in accordance with the rules promulgated under this paragraph. An employee testing positive in such a test without evidence of a valid prescription shall be ineligible for benefits until again qualifying for benefits in accordance with the rules promulgated under this paragraph, except that the employee may maintain his or her eligibility for benefits in the same manner as is provided in Section 108.133(3)(d) of the Unemployment Insurance and Reserves Act. The Department shall establish rules identifying a period of ineligibility that must elapse or a requalification requirement that must be satisfied, or both, in order for an employee who becomes ineligible for benefits as provided in this paragraph to again qualify for benefits, and specifying how a claimant may overcome the presumption in this paragraph. Overpayments. The administrative penalty against a claimant is 40 percent (previously, 15 percent) of the benefit payment erroneously paid to the claimant who conceals any material fact relating to eligibility or who conceals wages earned, paid, or payable, or hours worked. The amount of 15 percent of the penalty collected must be deposited in the state’s unemployment fund (effective October 4, 2015) (applicable to overpayments established on October 4, 2015). ### Wyoming Appeals. The time period to file an appeal from a redetermination notice or a denied determination notice to an appeal tribunal is within 28 days (previously, within 15 days) after notice is mailed. The time period to file an appeal from the first level appeal decision notice to the state Unemployment Insurance Commission is within 28 days (previously, within 15 days) after notice is mailed. The time period allowing the commission to review a decision of an appeal tribunal, review a determination of a special examiner, or grant an appeal from a decision upon application filed by any party entitled to notice, is within 28 days (previously, within 15 days) after notice is mailed or delivered. The time period allowing an employer to apply in writing to a notice of benefits charged to his/her account for relief of benefit charges is within 28 days (previously, within 15 days) after mailing or delivery of notice. ##### Suggested citation: Loryn Lancaster, "Changes in federal and state unemployment insurance legislation in 2015," Monthly Labor Review, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, July 2016, https://doi.org/10.21916/mlr.2016.31. Источник: https://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2016/article/changes-in-federal-and-state-unemployment-insurance-legislation-in-2015.htm ## Az Business Account Update Form ### Listing Results Az Business Account Update Form ### Business Account Update Arizona Department Of Revenue Preview7 hours ago Edit location information – add, close or change your information. Update your owner or officer information. Several changes can be made within AZTaxes.gov and enables registered businesses to update their account (s). Mail this form to: Arizona Show more Category: Az business account update form 10193Show details Expires: April, 2022 / 55 People Used ### Arizona Form 10193 Preview1 hours ago GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR ARIZONA BUSINESS ACCOUNT UPDATE Online Form Save time and make your changes online at www.AZTaxes.gov. Cancel your license Change your mailing address Edit location information – add, close or change your information Mailing Address Arizona Department of Revenue PO Box 29032 Phoenix, AZ 85038-9032 Customer Service Show more Category: Business account update form ohioShow details Expires: August, 2022 / 20 People Used ### Arizona Form 10193 Preview8 hours ago ADOR 1013 /1 BUSINESS ACCOUNT UPDATE BONDING REQUIREMENT: A taxpayer in the contracting business MUST maintain a bond for a minimum of 2 years.When requesting change(s) to the Physical Location, Legal Name and/or Business Name, “Doing Business As”, within the first 2 years, a Bond Rider to match the change(s) requested MUST be obtained prior to the request and Show more Category: Close arizona withholding accountShow details Expires: August, 2022 / 21 People Used ### FREE Form AZ 10193 Business Account Update FREE Legal Preview4 hours agoArizona Business Account Update AZDOR 10193 Step 9: Enter a contact name or company and their phone number. Arizona Business Account Update AZDOR 10193 Step 10: Tabulate all local taxes owed in section F. Arizona Business Account Update AZDOR 10193 Step 11: Type or print your name in section G, sign the form, give your title and enter the date. Estimated Reading Time: 2 mins Show more Category: New account application templateShow details Expires: May, 2022 / 59 People Used ### Arizona Form 10193 Preview7 hours ago ADOR 1013 1/1 BUSINESS ACCOUNT UPDATE BONDING REQUIREMENT: A taxpayer in the contracting business MUST maintain a bond for a minimum of 2 years.When requesting change(s) to the Physical Location, Legal Name and/or Business Name, “Doing Business As”, within the first 2 years, a Bond Rider to match the change(s) requested MUST be obtained prior to the request and Show more Category: Ohio sales tax formShow details Expires: August, 2022 / 23 People Used ### Updating A TPT Account Arizona Department Of Revenue Preview6 hours ago A business updating a mailing address on corporate withholding and TPT accounts (and the mailing address is the same) can complete this change in one action. Taxpayers must click on Update Mailing Address on the Welcome to the Business Account Update page. They will then click on all the accounts needing the update under Actions. Show more Category: Form 10193 azShow details Expires: March, 2022 / 59 People Used ### Az For Business Update Form Carroll Webb's Templates Preview3 hours agoArizona Business Account Update AZDOR 10193 Step 4. If you want to file a corporation or LLC you will need to contact an entirely separate agency called the Arizona Corporation CommissionOur office cannot answer questions regarding the filing process for a corporation or LLC nor can we access any detailed filing. Show more Category: Ohio form baufShow details Expires: March, 2022 / 60 People Used ### REPORT OF CHANGES FORM Arizona Preview2 hours ago C. Change in Arizona Ownership / Operation. All. of the Arizona business was transferred to (complete item 1 below), as of (date) Part. of the Arizona business was transferred to (complete items 1 and 2 below), as of. In the portion of business transferred, did you during the current or preceding calendar year: 1) Employ one or more Show more Category: Login FaqShow details Expires: January, 2022 / 39 People Used ### TPT Forms Arizona Department Of Revenue Preview3 hours ago26 rows · TPT Forms. 5010 Q. Motor Vehicle Dealer Submission of Copies of Form 5010. TPT Forms. … Show more Category: Login FaqShow details Expires: December, 2022 / 49 People Used ### Business Account Update Ohio Department Of … PreviewJust Now For PTE/fiduciary accounts, please indicate the FEIN of the entity (or SSN for a decedent’s estate) in the Ohio Tax ID Number field. If you have more accounts that need updated/canceled, please send a supplemental list of account numbers. Business Account Update Form Instructions and Additional Information. BA-UF 1/21. page 2 of 2 Show more Category: Login FaqShow details Expires: July, 2022 / 57 People Used ### Business Arizona Secretary Of State Preview602-542-61876 hours ago Email Apostille. Email Advance Directives. Office of the Secretary of State. Business Services Division. 1700 W Washington St Fl 7. Phoenix AZ 85007-2808. 602-542-6187. 1-800-458-5842. Show more Category: Login FaqShow details Expires: June, 2022 / 47 People Used ### FAQ AZTaxes Preview2 hours ago You cannot change your business name on-line. You must notify the Department of Revenue in writing by completing the Business Account Update (form 10193) and submitting it with payment for applicable fees. The update form is available in the Forms section … Show more Category: Login FaqShow details Expires: February, 2022 / 24 People Used ### Changing The Unemployment Insurance Tax Account Arizona Preview2 hours ago Changing the Unemployment Insurance Tax Account Address. Address changes are made by completing a Report of Changes Form form and submitting it to the department. You can also submit the change online. One for all other department mailings concerning your employer account (including Benefit Charge Notices). Show more Category: Login FaqShow details Expires: July, 2022 / 70 People Used ### Business Account Update [ADOR 10193] In PreviewJust Now In all likelihood, the Business Account Update [ADOR 10193] is not the only document you should review as you seek business license compliance in. We recommend that you obtain a Business License Compliance Package (BLCP)®. It will contain every up-to-date form, application, schedule, and document you need in the city ofthe americas first federal credit union leeds al of Show more Category: Login FaqShow details Expires: September, 2022 / 53 People Used ### City Of Chandler Preview480-782-22992 hours ago Link Your Business Using a PIN / Create an Account. 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Rentals Details: Residential Rental Only ADOR 10193 (7/17) Business Account Update Page 2 form available at www.azdor.gov.If the owner, partners, corporate officers or combination of partners or corporate officers, members and/or managing members own more than 50% of or control another business in Arizona, attach a list of the businesses, percentages arizona business Show more Category: Member LoginShow details Expires: April, 2022 / 40 People Used ### UIT1159AEmployer Registration Request Arizona Preview602-532-55392 hours ago Please register online at www.aztaxes.gov or complete and return the application form on the reverse side of this notice within ten (10) days of the date postmarked on the envelope. If you are not registering online at www.aztaxes.gov, fax your completed application to 602-532-5539 or mail to: Show more Category: Login FaqShow details Expires: June, 2022 / 63 People Used ### A Z Transaction Privilege Tax Forms Free PDF EBook Preview6 hours agoBusiness Account Update Form - Arizona Department of Revenue submitted with this Business Account Update Form. SECTION A: Business Transaction Privilege Tax Licenses are subject to a fee of$12 per location for the 10193_f.pdf

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Preview8 hours agoBusiness Account Update Form - arizona department of economic security form uc 018 Department of Revenue NEW Business Name, “Doing Business As” or Trade Name at this Physical Phoenix, AZ 85038-9032 Transaction Privilege Tax Licenses are bank of america internship program to a fee of $12 per members and/or managing members own more than 50% of or control another business in Arizona, attach a list of Show more Category: Member LoginShow details Expires: March, 2022 / 72 People Used ### Details For Arizona Corporation Commission Business Forms Preview5 hours ago All matters around Arizona Corporation Commission Business Forms will be solved with comprehensive information and solutions. Applicable queries are also thoroughly responded to. Show more Category: Login FaqShow details Expires: August, 2022 / 78 People Used ### Arizona Department Of Revenue TRANSACTION PRIVILEGE … Preview7 hours agoBUSINESS ACCOUNT UPDATE FORM If you would like to change your filing frequency, download and complete the Business Account Update form. The form is located on the Arizona Department of Revenue website (azdor.gov) under Forms, Transaction Privilege Tax, Business Account Update. Show more Category: Login FaqShow details Expires: May, 2022 / 76 People Used ### Maricopa County Assessor's Office Preview602-506-34065 hours ago New Account Number Request Form Business Personal Property Instructions (DOR 85250I) Real Property Update Mailing Address DocuSign Version Arizona Department Of Revenue Property Forms. Historic tax Phoenix, AZ 85003; Phone: 602-506-3406 Show more Category: Login FaqShow details Expires: March, 2022 / 55 People Used ### Arizona Sales Tax Application Free PDF EBook PreviewJust NowBusiness Account Update Form - Arizona Department of Revenue Form 5000A - Arizona Resale Certificate Arizona Form. 5000A *TPT/Sales Tax License No. Sales to an unlicensed Arizona School District for resale (purchased directly by the school district). operating a business in Gilbert, Arizona. and research the code as it may Show more Category: Login FaqShow details Expires: May, 2022 / 68 People Used ### State Of Arizona Tpt Application Free PDF EBook Preview3 hours agoBusiness Account Update Form - Arizona Department of Revenue Transaction Privilege Tax License (TPT) Business Codes (Include all State and City Business Codes that apply): . (Except legal Arizona state holidays). 10193_f.pdf Show more Category: Login FaqShow details Expires: August, 2022 / 72 People Used ### List Of Arizona Businesses Free PDF EBook Preview7 hours agoBusiness Account Update Form - Arizona Department of Revenue Legal Name and/or Business Name, “Doing Business As”, within the first 2 years. 50% of or control another business in Arizona, attach a list of the businesses, 10193_f.pdf Show more Category: Login FaqShow details Expires: February, 2022 / 67 People Used ### ADOR Advises Taxpayers To Verify Mailing Nextdoor Preview2 hours ago - To update records, log into AZTaxes.gov and click "Accounts" and "Account Update." - New business locations can expect a new copy of their licenses within three to five business days. For businesses with one location and that are not registered on … Show more Category: Login FaqShow details Expires: January, 2022 / 77 People Used ### Mass Mailing Of Form TPTEZ Discontinued (City Of Bullhead Preview3 hours ago If the business’ estimated annual combined Arizona, county, and municipal TPT liability is less than$2,000, consider adjusting the filing frequency to annually. This reduces the possibility of delinquent returns and payments by decreasing the filing occurrences. Change your filing frequency by completing the Business Account Update form.

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### #FAQ: How Do I Cancel My Arizona Department Of

Preview7 hours ago #FAQ: How do I cancel my TPT license? A: On your last TPT return, select “cancel TPT license” and provide a reason for cancellation. You may also cancel by filing a Business Account Update form.

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### Arizona Transaction Privilege Tax Application Short Form

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Preview8 hours ago ADOR 11189 (11/15) Arizona Department of Revenue For use with: Arizona Joint Tax Application (JT-1), City Only Application, or Arizona Business Account Update form. BONDING REQUIREMENTS: Prior to the issuance of a Transaction Privilege Tax license, new or out-of-state contractors are required to post a Taxpayer Bond for

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Preview8 hours ago • To update records, log into AZTaxes.gov and click “Accounts” and “Account Update.” • New business locations can expect a new copy of their licenses within three to five business days. For businesses with one location and that are not registered on AZTaxes, they can file a Business Account Update form. Contact our Firm with questions.

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### City Tax Information Douglas, AZ

Preview9 hours ago Effective January 2017, the City of Douglas is no longer a self-collecting city. All licensing and sales tax is now administered through the AZ Department of Revenue. Follow the links below to acquire a Transaction Privilege Tax (TPT) license and pay your State, County, and City sales tax. The City of Douglas Sales Tax rate is 3.8%.

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### Arizona Department Of Revenue Home Facebook

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### Arizona Child Support Agency Forms

Preview8 hours agoForm AZ 10193 Business Account Update Form LL0022 Amendment to Articles of Organization Form A1-QRT Arizona Quarterly Withholding Tax Return Form Instructions for 120EXT Application for Automatic Extension of Time to File Corporation, Partnership, and Exempt Organization Returns Form TPT 1 Transaction Privilege, Use, And Severance Tax Return 2011

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### Get Ready, TPT Renewal Letters Going Out This Month CD

Preview9 hours ago Close Menu. October 20, 2021. Get ready, TPT renewal letters going out this month

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Preview9 hours ago News: Registration under New Remote Seller and Marketplace Facilitator Tax Laws Opens September 9: bit.ly/34yO5jf #ADORNewsRelease

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### ‪#FAQ: Where Can I Receive Arizona Department Of

Preview1 hours ago #FAQ: Where can I receive information about tax credits? A: See azdor.gov/tax-credits for a variety of tax credit information.

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### Interested In Job Arizona Department Of Revenue

Preview7 hours ago Interested in job opportunities with ADOR? Visit azstatejobs.azdoa.gov and select ‘Department of Revenue’ for the Agency.

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### Final Autopsy Reveals How Brian Laundrie Died

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### Brand Listing

To document a change in your Arizona business name, address, officers and various other aspects, you should file a form AZDOR 10193 to update your state business account. This document is found on the website of the Arizona Department of Revenue.

### Is the Arizona Department of revenue required to issue form 1099-g?

The Arizona Department of Revenue is required by federal law to issue this form to you as an informational statement for your records. Form 1099-G reports the amount of refunds, credits, or offsets from your state income tax we paid to you in a tax year. This amount may be taxable to you.

### How to file a TPT form in Arizona?

TPT Forms Arizona transaction privilege tax (TPT) is a tax on the vendor for the privilege of doing business in the state. We strongly encourage taxpayers to file online via the AZTaxes.gov website for faster processing and fewer errors. Failure to comply with the electronic filing and payment requirements may result in penalties.

### How do I amend my tax return in AZ?

To amend you must use the TPT-1 paper form and under Part I, Taxpayer Information, place a checkmark in the Amended Return box. This process is used to amend returns that were filed for any previous reporting periods. Refer to the TPT-1 instructions for information about completing the form and how to report changes.

### Everything employers need to know about paying unemployment insurance taxes in Arizona.

If your small business has employees working in Arizona, you'll need to pay Arizona unemployment insurance (UI) tax. The UI tax funds unemployment compensation programs for eligible employees. In Arizona, state UI tax is just one of several taxes that employers must pay. Other important employer taxes, not covered here, include federal UI tax, and state and federal withholding taxes.

Different states have different rules and rates for UI taxes. Here are the basic rules for Arizona's UI tax.

### Register With the Department of Revenue and Department of Economic Security

As an Arizona small business, you must the next step i only have eyes for you with the Arizona Department of Revenue (DOR) and ArizonaDepartment of Economic Security (DES). More specifically, you must submit a joint registration to DOR; DOR then forwards a copy to DES. If DES determines that your business is liable for UI taxes, they will issue you an Arizona UI employer account number.

You can register either online or on paper. To register online, use the AZTaxes.gov website. To register on paper, use Form JT-1/UC-001, Arizona Joint Tax Application. Blank forms are available for download from the Forms section of the DOR website. There is no fee to register your business for UI tax purposes (there are fees for transaction privilege tax (TPT) licenses).

Note: To establish your Arizona UI tax account, you'll need a federal employer identification number (EIN). You can apply for an EIN at IRS.gov. Generally, if you apply online, you will receive your EIN immediately.

### Rules for UI Tax Liability

As an Arizona for-profit employer, you generally are liable for state UI taxes if you:

• pay $1,500 in wages in a calendar quarter • employ at least one worker for some part of a day in each of 20 different weeks in a calendar year • acquire the business or part of the business of an employer already subject to unemployment taxes, or • are required to pay Federal Unemployment Tax because you employ any individuals in any other state or for any other reason. The first three listed items are effectively the same rules that apply for liability under the Federal Unemployment Tax Act (FUTA). Therefore, if you're liable under FUTA, you're likely also liable for Arizona UI taxes, and vice versa. Different rules, not covered here, apply to agricultural (farm) workers, domestic (in-home) workers, and employees of some (but not all) non-profit organizations. One piece of good news is that state UI tax payments generally can be credited against your FUTA taxes. ### Wage Base and Tax Rates UI tax is paid on each employee's wages up to a maximum annual amount. In recent years, that amount, known as the taxable wage base, has been steady at$7,000 in Arizona. However, it's always possible the amount could change.

The state UI tax rate for new employers also can change from one year to the next. However, in recent years, it has been steady at 2.0%. Established employers are subject to a lower unemployment benefits card balance higher rate than new employers depending on an "experience rating." This means, among other things, whether your business has ever had any employees who arizona department of economic security form uc 018 claims for state unemployment benefits.

### File Quarterly UI Tax Reports and Payments

In Arizona, UI tax reports and payments are due by the last day of the month after the close of each calendar quarter. In other words:

 For Wages Paid During Calendar Quarter Ends Report Due By January, February, March March 31 April 30 April, May, June June 30 July 31 July, August, September September 30 October 31 October, November, December December 31 January 31

If the due date falls on a weekend or state holiday, the due date is extended to the next business day.

You can file your reports and payments online or on paper. To file online, use the Arizona Unemployment Tax and Wage System (TWS). To file on paper, use Form UC-018, Unemployment Tax and Wage Report. DES custom-generates and mails the form to each employer with an active UI tax account every quarter. You can also download blank forms from the DES website.

You can make online payments either along with or separately from online report filing. You also have the option when filing reports online to select the paper check payment option, which generates a payment voucher for you to print and submit along with your payment by check. Online payments are made using Automated Clearing House (ACH). You can make paper payments using a check or money order.

You must file a quarterly Unemployment Tax and Wage Report for each quarter whether or not wages were paid. If you stop submitting reports without your account being suspended, this will create delinquent reports and could result in higher future tax rates being computed for your account based on estimated wages. You will be subject to a penalty if you fail to file.

### Post a Notice (Poster)

You are required to post a notice (poster) regarding state unemployment claims in a conspicuous place for all employees. The poster provides basic information about when an employee may be eligible for unemployment benefits. You can download a notice that meets all legal requirements (Form POU-003, Notice to Employees) from the DES website.

### Do Not Misclassify Employees as Independent Contractors

Employers who use independent contractors rather than hiring employees are not subject to the UI tax. However, it's important that you do not misclassify an employee as an independent contractor. If you do misclassify an employee, you could be subject to penalties or fines.

### Using Payroll Service Companies

You may decide that it's easiest to hand over responsibility for payroll, including UI taxes, to an outside payroll service. If so, keep in mind that your business, or even you personally, may still be held directly responsible for mistakes made by an outside payroll company.

Источник: https://www.nolo.com/legal-encyclopedia/employers-guide-unemployment-insurance-tax-arizona.html

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### : Arizona department of economic security form uc 018

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## FA-053 - Verification of Employment History

1FA-053 -FF (10-18) Page 1 of 4. ARIZONA DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMIC SECURITY. Family Assistance Administration Verification OF. EmploymentHistory . Local Office Return Address date CASE NUMBER/ HEAPLUS APP ID. (Use the DES-166 envelope). CASE NAME (Last, First, ). For questions, call 1-855-432-7587. Fax completed form to 602-257-7031 or 1-844-680-9840.. The person whose name and signature appears below, or on the attached copy of the signature page of the DES/FAA. Application, has requested your cooperation in releasing the following information. Please complete and return this form via fax to the number written above or in the enclosed envelope within 10 days from the above date . AUTHORIZATION TO RELEASE INFORMATION / AUTORIZACI N PARA DAR INFORMACI N. I hereby authorize release of any and all information requested below concerning myself and my household's members to the Arizona Department of Economic Security.

2 Por la presente autorizo y doy mi consentimiento para que se entregue al Arizona Department of Economic Security toda y cualquier informaci n que se pide a continuaci n acerca de m o de los miembros de mi hogar. EMPLOYED HOUSEHOLD MEMBER'S NAME (Last, First, ) / EMPLOYEE'S SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBER /. NOMBRE DEL MIEMBRO EMPLEADO DEL HOGAR N MERO SEGURO SOCIAL. (Su apellido, nombre, segundo inicial). EMPLOYED HOUSEHOLD MEMBER'S SIGNATURE / date /. FIRMA DEL MIEMBRO EMPLEADO DEL HOGAR FECHA. New/current employers please complete all questions in Sections A, B and C. Former employers please complete Section D. A. NEW / CURRENT EMPLOYER. date HIRED ANTICIPATED date OF FIRST CHECK. RATE OF PAY $Per ANTICIPATED GROSS INCOME$. NUMBER OF HOURS WORKED PER WEEK (If hours per week vary, indicate the range possible).

3 From: To: NUMBER OF HOURS WORKED PER DAY (If hours vary, indicate the range possible). From: To: DAYS OF WEEK WORKED (Check all that apply): DOES THE EMPLOYEE RECEIVE ANY TIPS/BONUS/COMMISSION/SHIFT PAY? Yes No If yes, range possible amount From: To: ARE WAGES RECEIVED UNDER THE WORKFORCE INVESTMENT ACT (WIA) PROGRAM? Yes No EMPLOYEE REIMBURSED FOR (Check one): Travel Lodging Uniforms How often? Amount? $. See page 4 for EOE/ADA/LEP/GINA disclosures FAA-053-FF (10-18) Page 2 of 4. CASE NAME CASE NUMBER. EMPLOYED HOUSEHOLD MEMBER'S NAME EMPLOYEE'S SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBER. A. NEW / CURRENT EMPLOYER (CONTINUED). EMPLOYEE IS PAID: Weekly Bi-weekly Twice monthly Monthly IS PAY DIRECT DEPOSITED: Yes No If yes, Name of Bank DAY OF WEEK OR date (S) PAY PERIOD ENDS OVERTIME RATE$. OVERTIME HOURS PER WEEK WILL OVERTIME CONTINUE?

4 Yes No CONTRACT (If yes, attach copy and provide the gross earnings for each month(s) and year(s) indicated on Section C on page 2): CHILD SUPPORT WITHHOLDING: Yes No Amount $How often? EXPECTED CHANGES IN INCOME: Yes No When Type: Increase Decrease Other Reason: WORKER'S COMPENSATION (Claim pending, or claim being paid): Yes No Carrier's Name: IS THE EMPLOYEE ON A LEAVE OF ABSENCE? Yes No WHEN DOES THE LEAVE OF ABSENCE BEGIN? WHEN IS THE LEAVE OF ABSENCE EXPECTED TO END? DOES YOUR COMPANY OFFER HEALTH INSURANCE? (If yes, continue to Section B.): Yes No B. HEALTH INSURANCE INFORMATION. DOES THE EMPLOYEE CURRENTLY HAVE (OR HAS HAD) HEALTH INSURANCE WITH YOUR COMPANY? Yes No If yes, complete information below. If no, did employee decline health insurance? Yes No NAME OF INSURANCE COMPANY. ADDRESS (No.) 5 , Street). CITY STATE ZIP CODE. POLICY NUMBER POLICY date From: To: LIST INSURED DEPENDENTS RELATIONSHIP TO EMPLOYEE. FAA-053-FF (10-18) Page 3 of 4. CASE NAME CASE NUMBER. EMPLOYED HOUSEHOLD MEMBER'S NAME EMPLOYEE'S SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBER. C. PAYCHECKS ISSUED. Indicate each paycheck issued to the employee. From: Month/Year To: Month/Year date . MONTH / YEAR PAY PERIOD ENDING GROSS EARNINGS HOURS TIPS. ACTUALLY PAID.$ $.$ $.$ $.$ $.$ $.$ $.$ $.$ $.$ $.$ $.$ $.$ $.$ $.$ $.$ $.$ $.$ $.$ $.$ $.$ $.$ $.$ $.$ $.$ $.$ $.$ $.$ $.$ $. D. FORMER EMPLOYER. EMPLOYEE TERMINATION: Last day worked date final check was/will be issued Gross amount of final wages:$. REASON FOR TERMINATION: Laid Off Fired Quit (Specify reason): FAA-053-FF (10-18) Page 4 of 4. CASE NAME CASE NUMBER. EMPLOYED HOUSEHOLD MEMBER'S NAME EMPLOYEE'S SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBER.

6 E. BENEFITS RECEIVED. BENEFITS RECEIVED: Sick Leave Vacation Leave Disability Severance HOW PAID? Included in final wages Received in one payment Paid in installments (Include future payments). HOW OFTEN? date Gross Amount: $date Gross Amount:$. date Gross Amount: $date Gross Amount:$. date Gross Amount: $date Gross Amount:$. WAS THE EMPLOYEE COVERED BY HEALTH INSURANCE THROUGH YOUR COMPANY? Yes No HAVE BENEFITS STOPPED? Yes No If No, complete Section B. F. COMPANY INFORMATION. PRINT NAME OF PERSON COMPLETING FORM. SIGNATURE OF PERSON COMPLETING FORM. TITLE. NAME OF COMPANY. PHONE NUMBER FAX NUMBER date . The USDA is an equal opportunity provider and employer DES/TANF Agencies are Equal Opportunity Employers/Programs Under Titles VI and VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title VI & VII), and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA), Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, the Age Discrimination Act of 1975, and Title II of the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA) of 2008; the Department prohibits discrimination in admissions, programs, services, activities, or Employment based on race, color, religion, sex, national origin, age, disability, genetics and retaliation.

7 To request this document in alternative format or for further information about this policy, contact your local office; TTY/TDD Services: 7-1-1. Free language assistance for DES services is available upon request.

Источник: https://pdf4pro.com/view/fa-053-verification-of-employment-history-50dcdc.html

## Arizona unemployment tax forms

Filter Type:All TimePast 24 HoursPast WeekPast month

### Forms For Unemployment Tax Arizona Department Of

3 hours ago Adjustment Report (UC-522) - Use this form if you need to make adjustments to employees' wages previously reported on the quarterly Unemployment Tax and Wage Report (UC-018). Bulk Filer Application (UIA-1004A) - Use this form to register/obtain approval as a Bulk Filer with the Arizona Department of Economic Security.

### 1099G Tax Forms Arizona Department Of Economic …

9 hours ago On January 28, 2021, the Arizona Department of Economic Security (DES) began mailing 1099-G tax forms to claimants who received unemployment benefits in the state of Arizona in 2020. Anyone who repaid an overpayment of unemployment benefits to the State of …

### UC018Unemployment Tax And Wage Report Arizona

2 hours ago the Wage Listing Continuation form (UC-020) for reporting additional employees. Your completed (original) form should be mailed or faxed to the address or fax number shown below. Questions about completing the Unemployment Tax and Wage Report may be directed to: Arizona Department of Economic Security P.O. Box 52027 • Mail Drop 5881

File Size: 795KB

Page Count: 5

### Arizona Unemployment Tax And Wage System Arizona

7 hours ago Use the Internet Unemployment Tax and Wage System (TWS) to: File a Quarterly Wage Report. Make a payment. View and print a copy of documents previously filed via the Internet. You can use TWS to file reports listing wages for 1 to 34,000 employees, or file zero-wage reports indicating your business had no employees and paid no wages.

### Forms & Pamphlets Arizona Department Of Economic …

8 hours ago Certificate of Understanding (Eng/Span) (UB-99-Y) - This form is to be completed and returned only if instructed by DES Unemployment Insurance personnel to do so. Combined Wage Claim Withdrawal (UB-113) - This form is used to request a cancellation of an Arizona combined wage claim. Please use this form only if instructed to do so by DES

### Income Tax Information For Unemployment Benefits …

7 hours ago On January 28, 2021, the Arizona Department of Economic Security (DES) began mailing 1099-G tax forms to claimants who received unemployment benefits in the state of Arizona in 2020. Find more information regarding the 1099-G tax forms.

### Forms Arizona Department Of Revenue

3 hours ago Corporate Tax Forms. 120S Schedule K-1 (NR) Nonresident Shareholder's Share of Income and Deductions Form with Instructions. Corporate Tax Forms. 120V. Arizona Corporate or Partnership Income Tax Payment Voucher. Corporate Tax Forms. 120W. Estimated Tax

### Arizona Amended Return Notice

4 hours agounemployment compensation, use the corrected federal adjusted gross income amount from Line 1 Box C of federal Form 1040X. If the IRS automatically adjusted your federal adjusted gross income, use the corrected federal adjusted Include Form 301 with the amended tax form. Be sure to adjust the Arizona 2020 carryover amount on your copy of

### Individual Income Tax Forms Arizona Department Of …

4 hours ago Individual Income Tax Forms. The deadline for filing and paying state individual income taxes has moved from April 15 to May 17, 2021. The Arizona Department of Revenue will follow the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) announcement regarding the start of the 2020 electronic filing season. Because Arizona electronic income tax returns are processed

### New Hire Forms Employees Human Resources Arizona

2 hours ago W-4 Federal Tax Form - Employee's Withholding Certificate . Read more about W-4 Federal Tax Form - Employee's Withholding Certificate; Employee Personal Information

### Unemployment Employer Arizona Department Of Economic

Just Now Become familiar with the terminology that is frequently associated with the Arizona Unemployment Tax (and Benefit) program.; Discrimination is prohibited! Information about your rights and who to contact if you feel you have been discriminated against may be found on page 12 of the A Guide to Arizona UI Benefits; Employers experiencing a slowdown in business as a result of the coronavirus

### Recipients Of 2020 Unemployment Benefits May Be Eligible

5 hours agoArizona taxpayers who received unemployment benefits during 2020 and filed their Arizona tax return before the March 11, 2021 enactment of the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021 must amend their 2020 Arizona tax return to receive a refund of …

### Individual Amended Return Form Arizona Department Of Revenue

5 hours ago Simplified instructions for full-year residents amending 2020 Forms 140, 140A or 140EZ (Line numbers refer to Form 140X). These simplified instructions are intended for Arizona residents who have adjustments related to the following: A reduction in federal adjusted gross income related to the exclusion of unemployment compensation; Family tax

### JT1/UC001 (12/17) ARIZONA JOINT TAX APPLICATION (JT1)

1 hours ago Federal Unemployment Tax? Yes Attach a copy of the Ruling Letter. 5 Do you have, or have you previously had, an Arizona unemployment tax number? No Unemployment Tax Number: Yes Business Name: 6 First calendar quarter Arizona employees were/will be hired and paid (indicate quarter as …

### State Of Arizona Department Of Revenue

Just Now AZTaxes.gov allows electronic filing and payment of Transaction Privilege Tax (TPT), use taxes, and withholding taxes.

### Arizona Unemployment Tax And Wage System

6 hours ago Note: Wage Reports and Payments are timely if electronically FILED before midnight Mountain Standard Time on the quarterly due date.

### Arizona Tax Forms 2020 : Printable State AZ Form 140 And

Just Now Printable Arizona state tax forms for the 2020 tax year will be based on income earned between January 1, 2020 through December 31, 2020. The Arizona income tax rate for tax year 2020 is progressive from a low of 2.59% to a high of 4.5%. The state income tax table can be found inside the Arizona Form 140 instructions booklet.

### Some Arizonans Continue Having 1099G Tax Form Issues Amid

8 hours ago Despite Arizona's unemployment agency saying it's working on cleaning up the 1099-G mess, some say they still haven't received new forms so …

### Uc 018 Fill Out And Sign Printable PDF Template SignNow

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### Some Arizonans Receiving Incorrect Tax Forms Due To

4 hours ago Some Arizonans receiving incorrect tax forms due to unemployment fraud PHOENIX - The Arizona Dept. of Economic Security has revealed …

### Arizona Announces Tax Refunds For Unemployment Benefits

9 hours ago The Arizona Department of Revenue will issue refunds to state residents for certain unemployment benefits received in 2020, the department announced. But if …

### Arizona (AZ) Unemployment Information Unemployment

5 hours agoArizona (AZ) Unemployment Information. Unemployment insurance replaces part of the income you lose when you become unemployed. It is a benefit available to workers out of work through no fault of their own. Unemployment insurance softens the impact job losses have on communities by maintaining the purchasing power in the area where workers live.

### Pay Liability Notice Arizona Unemployment Tax Fo

5 hours ago Pay Liability Notice - Arizona Unemployment Tax Form AZ-UC018. Towards the end of the month, a teardrop with an exclamation point notification showed up on the home screen in the Payroll section on Pay Liabilities. When I go into payroll it shows the same notification. However, we only owe $4.80, and QB is automatically calculating line 8 and Show more See Also: Free ConverterShow details ### AZ Department Of Revenue Warning Taxpayers Of Unemployment 8 hours ago PHOENIX, Ariz. (KOLD News 13) - According to KTAR News, the Arizona Department of Revenue is warning taxpayers on a new scam, saying residents are receiving unexpected unemployment benefits tax forms. Show more See Also: Free ConverterShow details ### A Guide To Unemployment Insurance Arizona Benefits 5 hours agoUnemployment Insurance for Arizona Workers (UI). This program is provided by State law. As an unemployed worker who worked in the State of Arizona, your eligibility is based upon wages earned in the Arizona base period (see page 3) from employers who were required to pay unemployment insurance tax on File Size: 332KB Page Count: 17 Show more See Also: Free ConverterShow details ### Chapter 13 Arizona Taxes & Unemployment Insurance LLC Just NowArizona LLC Operations Manual. Chapter 13 Arizona Taxes & Unemployment Insurance 2020-10-02T10:35:44-07:00. Section 13.1 How to Obtain an Arizona State Tax ID Number, Use Tax & Employer Withholding Number. If your company has a federal employer identification number (EIN), use that number on Arizona state income tax forms to identify the company. Estimated Reading Time: 5 mins Show more See Also: Free ConverterShow details ### Employer's Guide To Unemployment Insurance Tax In Arizona 5 hours ago You can file your reports and payments online or on paper. To file online, use the Arizona Unemployment Tax and Wage System (TWS). To file on paper, use Form UC-018, Unemployment Tax and Wage Report. DES custom-generates and mails the form to each employer with an active UI tax account every quarter. Estimated Reading Time: 8 mins Show more See Also: Free ConverterShow details ### Arizona Department Of Revenue Warns Of Unemployment Fraud 8 hours ago PHOENIX — The Arizona Department of Revenue is warning that residents are receiving an unexpected unemployment benefits tax form that’s likely due to a … Show more See Also: Free ConverterShow details ### SIDES Home Page 9 hours ago Complete this registration to receive and respond to Notice to Employer (UB-110) forms electronically rather than by U.S. Postal Service when someone you employed files a claim for Arizona Unemployment insurance benefits and you are this individual’s last employer or a base period employer (Arizona uses a base period of employment to determine eligibility for unemployment. See Also: Free ConverterShow details ### Tax Forms For Fraudulent Unemployment Arizona's Family 5 hours agoUnemployment income is taxable, and DES began mailing 1099-G tax forms at the end of January. According to data 3 On Your Side requested, the agency has already received more than 1,600 affidavits Show more See Also: Free ConverterShow details ### Arizona Employer Tax Information Square Support Center US 7 hours ago If you are an existing employer, you can find your UI Tax Rate on the Determination of Unemployment Tax Rate (Form UC-603) that the Department of Employment Security mails each January to all registered employees. Call the Arizona Department of Economic Security at 602-771-6602. You are responsible for ensuring Square Payroll has the correct UI Estimated Reading Time: 3 mins Show more See Also: Free ConverterShow details ### How Does The Arizona Department Of Revenue Work On 6 hours agoUnemployment Insurance Benefits Tax Form 1099-G. The Department will begin mailing IRS Forms 1099-G for the calendar year 2020 no later than January 31, 2021. We will post an update on this page when the forms are mailed out and when UI Benefit payment … Show more See Also: Free ConverterShow details ### Arizonans Learning Of Unemployment Fraud In Their Names 7 hours agoUnemployment is taxable income, and as a result, those who filed for unemployment will receive the appropriate tax forms. However, this also … Show more See Also: Free ConverterShow details ### How Does The Arizona Department Of Revenue Work On 4 hours ago Applying for an Unemployment Insurance Tax Account Number. As soon as you begin business in Arizona, you must register with the Arizona Department of Economic Security (DES) and Arizona Department of Revenue (DOR). You register with both agencies at the same time by completing an Arizona Joint Tax Application (form JT-1/UC-001) and submitting it to the License & Registration … Show more See Also: Free ConverterShow details ### A GUIDE TO ARIZONA BENEFITS Arizona Coalition To End Just Now Listed below are unemployment insurance programs available in the State of Arizona. Unemployment Insurance (UI) - Your eligibility is based on wages you have earned in Arizona from employers who pay the unemployment insurance tax. Unemployment Insurance for Federal Employees (UCFE) – Your eligibility for this program is determined by Show more See Also: Free ConverterShow details ### How Does The Arizona Department Of Revenue Work On 6 hours ago After selecting your tax withholding on the initial Unemployment Insurance (UI) application, you can change your withholding preferences by completing the Voluntary Election for Federal/State Income Tax Withholding form (UB-433) . After completing the form, submit it to DES by mail or fax. To submit by mail: Department of Economic Security, Unemployment Insurance Administration, P. O. Box Show more See Also: Free ConverterShow details ### Arizona Department Of Revenue Warns Residents Of 9 hours ago The Arizona Department of Revenue is warning that residents are receiving an unexpected unemployment benefits tax form that’s likely due to a fraud scheme. The department is asking those who received the Form 1099-G for unemployment benefits they didn’t apply for to reach out to the Arizona Department of Economic Security for a corrected form. See Also: Free ConverterShow details ### Arizona Dept. Of Economic Security 1 hours ago Despite Arizona's unemployment agency saying it's working on cleaning up the 1099-G mess, some say they still haven't received new forms so … Show more See Also: Free ConverterShow details Filter Type:All TimePast 24 HoursPast WeekPast month #### Please leave your comments here: ### Frequently Asked Questions ### What is the unemployment tax rate in Arizona? Arizona's 2019 unemployment tax rates generally are to be lower than in 2018, the state Department of Economic Security said Dec. 19 on its website. Effective Jan. 1, 2019, unemployment tax rates are to range from 0.04 percent to 5.9 percent for positive-rated employers and from 6.23 percent to 11.8 percent for negative-rated employers. ### How do you file unemployment in Arizona? How do I file for unemployment insurance benefits in Arizona? 1. Before you apply, make sure you meet all benefit requirements. ... 2. Gather important documents and information. Once you know you meet basic requirements for unemployment benefits, collect the necessary information to submit a claim: Social Security number An Arizona driver's ... 3. File for unemployment insurance. ... 4. Calculate the amount of your benefit. ... More items... ### What is the maximum unemployment benefit in AZ? In Arizona, the maximum unemployment benefit is$240 per week, equal to $960 per month. It was intended to replace up to half of a worker's prior weekly earnings up to a cap. ### Do they take taxs out of unemployment? Though your unemployment benefits are taxable, the government doesn't automatically withhold taxes from those checks as it does with a regular W-2 paycheck. That means you have to take action to pay those taxes on your own. You have a few options: Request to have taxes withheld. Источник: https://convertf.com/arizona-unemployment-tax-forms/ ## State tax forms StateTax Form InformationAlabama State of Alabama Department of Industrial Relations Unemployment Compensation Division - Unemployment Tax Report AlaskaAlaska Quarterly Contribution ReportArizona Arizona Department of Economic Security - Unemployment Tax and Wage Report (UC-018) ArkansasEmployer's Quarterly Contribution Report (209B)California State of California - Employment Development Department Quarterly Contribution Return and Report of Wages (DE9 or DE9C) Colorado Colorado Department of Labor and Employment, Unemployment Insurance Quarterly Report (UITR-25)Connecticut Connecticut Department of Labor, Employment Security Division - Employee Quarterly Earnings Report (UC-5A) DelawareState of Delaware Unemployment Insurance - Quarterly Tax ReportFlorida Florida Department of Revenue Employer's Quarterly Report (UCT-6) Georgia Georgia Department of Labor - Employers Quarterly Tax and Wage ReportHawaii Employer's Quarterly Wage, Contribution and Employment and Training Assessment Report (Form UC-B6) IdahoState of Idaho - Department of Labor, Unemployment Insurance Wage Report (TAX026)Illinois Employer's Contribution and Wage Report - State of Illinois Department of Employment Security (UI 3/40) IndianaIndiana (UC-5A) Quarterly Payroll ReportIowa Iowa Workforce Development - Employer's Contribution and Payroll Report (65-5300) KansasKansas Department of Labor - Quarterly Wage Report & Employment Tax Return (K CNS 100)Kentucky Division of Unemployment Insurance - Quarterly Wage Contribution Report LouisianaLouisiana Department of Revenue - Employer's Quarterly Wage & Tax ReportMaine Quarterly Income Tax Withholding and Unemployment Compensation Wages Listing (FormC1-ME) MarylandMaryland Unemployment Insurance Quarterly Employment ReportMassachusetts Massachusetts Department of Revenue Employer's Quarterly Report of Wages Paid (WR-2) MichiganState of Michigan, Department of Consumer & Industry Services Unemployment Agency - Wage Detail ReportMinnesota Minnesota Department of Employment and Economic Development - Employer's Unemployment Quarterly Tax Report Mississippi Mississippi Department of Employment Security, (Form UI-3), Employers Quarterly Wage ReportMissouri Missouri Department of Labor and Industrial Relations Division of Employment Security, Missouri Quarterly Wage Report Montana Montana Employer's Unemployment Insurance (UI) Quarterly Wage Report (Form UI-5G)Nebraska State of Nebraska Department of Labor, Unemployment Insurance - Wage Report (UI-11W) NevadaState of Nevada Department of Employment, Training, and Rehabilitation - Employer's Quarterly Contribution and Wage Report (NUCS4072)New Hampshire NH Employment Security - Employer Quarterly Tax and Wage Report New JerseyNew Jersey Division of Revenue (WR-30)New Mexico NM Department of Workforce Solutions - Employer's Quarterly Wage and Contribution Report (ES903A) New YorkQuarterly Combined Withholding, Wage Reporting, and Unemployment Insurance Return (NYS-45)North Carolina Employment Security Commission of North Carolina - Employer's Quarterly Tax and Wage Report North DakotaEmployer's Contribution and Wage ReportOhio Ohio Department of Job and Family Services - Unemployment Compensation Quarterly Tax Return OklahomaOklahoma Employment Security Commission - Employers Quarterly Contribution ReportOregon (Form 132) Unemployment Insurance Employee Detail Report PennsylvaniaPA (Form UC-2A) Employer's Quarterly Report of Wages Paid to Each EmployeeRhode Island Quarterly Tax and Wage Report. Division of Taxation - Employer Tax Section South CarolinaState of South Carolina Department of Revenue - SC Withholding Quarterly Tax Return (WH-1605)South Dakota Employer's Quarterly Contribution, Investment Fee, and Wage Report (Form 21). South Dakota Department of Labor and Regulation, Unemployment Insurance Division. TennesseeTennessee Department of Labor and Workforce Development Premium ReportTexas Texas (C-3) (Employer's Quarterly Report) Worksheet; Texas Workforce Commission's (TWC) Unemployment Tax Services Employer's Quarterly Report, Utah Utah Employer Quarterly Wage List and Contribution Report (Form 33H)VermontVermont Employer's Quarterly Wage Report (Form C-147)Virgin IslandsVirgin Islands Department of Labor, Division of Unemployment Insurance - Employer’s Quarterly Wage & Contribution ReportVirginia Virginia Employment Commission - Employer's Quarterly Payroll Report WashingtonEmployment Security Department - Quarterly Wage Detail Report (Form 5208B)West Virginia West Virginia Unemployment Compensation - Wage Report WisconsinWisconsin Division of Unemployment Insurance - Quarterly Wage ReportWyoming Wyoming Quarterly UI/WC and UI Only Summary Report Form Источник: https://www.uhc.com/rm/state-tax-forms ## Arizona Paystub Generator Generate paystubs with accurate Arizona State tax withholding calculations. Create Paystub Now Get First Paystub for FREE! Pay$5.99$3.99 from the second paystub!! ### Employer's Obligations for Arizona State Payroll Taxes - Updated on May 22, 2020 - 06:00 AM by 123PayStubs Team Use 123PayStubs to know your tax liabilities for the pay period and also to generate the pay stubs for your hourly or salaried employees and contractors in Arizona. All you need to do is to enter the basic details like company information, employee, and earnings information to get started. Our Arizona paystub generator will do all the math for you and generate pay stub with accurate calculations. Also, 123PayStubs provides information about the payroll requirements for the state of Arizona. ### Calculate Arizona State Payroll Taxes and Generate Paystubs Instantly ### What Employers should know about the Arizona State Payroll Taxes? 123PayStubs will be suitable for those who are doing payroll on their own. 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## Partial Shocks on Cooperative Multiplex Networks with Varying Degrees of Noise

### Abstract

In many cooperative networks, such as alliance and trade networks, abrupt and intense changes to the state of the system (which we call “shocks”), can substantially change the network. We examine how such shocks affect multiplex networks via an agent-based model, in which agents add, drop, or change ties to increase their utility. At a certain time-point, some agents are “shocked” by changing (increasing or decreasing) the cost associated with tie-formation or tie-maintenance. Our model makes several improvements to previous models, including (a) only a fraction of nodes are shocked to simulate small wars or scattered tariff increases or decreases and (b) agents can make both utility-maximizing decisions and randomly rewire ties to explore the utility landscape. Interestingly, we find that randomly rewiring ties increases the utility of agents, for reasons similar to simulated annealing in physics. Furthermore, we create a novel metric to determine how networks change after a shock and find that the size of a shock and noise significantly changes the network, but only when agents’ incentives for tie-formation are sufficiently high. Together, these results suggest that adding more realism to cooperation network models can give nuanced understanding to network shocks.

### Introduction

Social, political, economic and organizational networks often emerge from individual incentives to form ties within and across functional domains, i.e., to cooperate1,2,3,4. Examples include international trade ties, security alliances, friendship networks and organizational ties. These networks emerge because ties serve certain functions; ties form because they benefit the agents associated with them. While each agent in a network may have different reasons for forming ties with other nodes, the collection of ties yield common emergent structural patterns5,6. For example, networks exhibit transitivity, in which allies of allies are allies6. Likewise, international trade networks form trading clusters out of tendencies of states to share trading partners with other states7,8,9. These patterns are similar to other social processes, such as homophily and following social norms10,11,12. We also find that many cooperative networks are coupled such that changes in one induce changes in the other, which we call “spillover”. This implies that seemingly isolated shocks can propagate from one network layer to other network layers within a multiplex network forcing multiple network layers to adapt4,13,14,15,16,17,18. For example, wars may affect the structure of alliance networks and propagate from alliances to trade7,19,20,21. Finally, real-world networks have a large distribution of ties, such that many agents have a few ties, but also a few agents have ties to many other agents. Non-trivial tie distributions are also a strong indicator of non-trivial mechanisms that underlie the formation of a network5.

If network ties serve certain functions, then we can reasonably assume that agents use these ties to maximize their individual utility. Under this assumption22, we can create a minimal model to explain the structural attributes of such networks. This model is not meant to reproduce the “true” utility function, or incentives, of a particular social system, but instead provides a simple framework and therefore complimentary to previous models in other fields23,24,25.

Cooperative networks may undergo shocks: they experience radical changes in the factors that affect nodal decisions about forming, retaining or dropping ties, as well as evolve in longer timescales1,3,4,15,26. This is similar to how networks adapt to the spread of diseases17. In some cases, networks retain their pre-shock characteristics; in other cases, shocks cause phase transitions that fundamentally alter the structure of these networks. To illustrate how shocks induce changes in real-world networks, we show in Fig. 1 some of the key characteristics of two international networks: an alliance network7,27,28 and a trade network29. An unweighted tie is defined as any alliance, or any significant amount of trade between countries, respectively. Significant trade between nodes i and j is defined as trade (imports plus exports) greater than 0.5% of country i’s total trade.

Figure 1 shows how some political events can have lasting effects on the structure of social and political networks. Large-scale wars—especially World War II—result in dramatic spikes in the density of alliances, followed by a return to a more stable level but at a generally higher density than in the previous period. The trade network density spikes after World War II, possibly as a consequence of the Bretton Woods Treaty and the institutionalization of monetary and trade practices. But it returns to “normal” levels in the 1970s, around the time the U.S. eliminates the gold standard. Another noticeable spike took place in the first seven years of the 21st Century, followed by a sharp drop, probably as a result of the global recession. The two World Wars furthermore had a dramatic effect on alliance clustering, especially after World War II. By contrast, trade networks maintained a relatively high level of clustering without any major changes. Accordingly, under the assumption that agents, such as countries, form ties to maximize their utility, we are interested in studying several questions:

1. 1.

How do networks evolve given different tie-formation and tie-maintenance incentives?

2. 2.

How do networks react to shocks that cause drastic changes in the factors that affect agents’ utility?

3. 3.

How do shocks affect unshocked agents? To what extent do the effects of shocks on shocked agents differ from the effects of shocks on unshocked agents?

4. 4.

How does noise, defined as non-utility-maximizing decisions, affect network structure?

To answer these questions, we extend upon an agent-based model (ABM) that simulates (a) multiplex network formation under a set of conditions that may mimic the emergence of cooperative networks out of a set of individual utility-maximizing decisions to form ties with each other, (b) the occurrence of shocks in a subset of agents, defined as drastic changes in their utility function, (c) processes of multiplex network reorganization following these shocks, and (d) how networks evolve when agents choose to explore their utility function by sometimes rewiring their ties at random.

### Methods

We adopt the utility function spelled out by30 (following31). As in the previous study30, we assume a multiplex network composed of two layers. This helps us understand how networks interact with each other19,32,33. The current study expands on the previous one by focusing on partial shocks, which are shocks that affect only a fraction of the agents. This contrasts with systemic shocks, which are shocks that affect all agents, the focus of 30. Furthermore, we explore in greater depth how rewiring ties affects network evolution. This allows us to examine aspects of network reorganization that were not possible given systemic shocks. We elaborate on this point below.

The structure of the ABM is straightforward. There are two layers, for example, professional ties and friendship ties, or alliance ties and trade ties. Agents can form ties in any given layer. Let each agent, i, have an associated utility, ui, for the ties it currently has. Then:

$${u}_{i}=e{v}_{i}+\sum _{\ell \in \mathrm{\{1},\mathrm{2\}}}\,(b{t}_{i\ell }-{c}_{i}{t}_{i\ell }^{2}+d{z}_{i\ell }),$$

(1)

where $$\ell$$ indexes the layer of the multiplex network, $${t}_{i,\ell }$$ is the number of ties of agent i in layer $$\ell$$, z is the number of closed triangles associated with the agent (neighbors of neighbors are neighbors) and v is the number of spillover ties between agents i and all agents j. Finally, ci, d and e are parameter values that weigh each factor in the utility function and therefore indicate by how much one’s utility increases (or decreases) as a function of the number of ties, closed triangles and spillover ties, respectively.

The motivation for this utility function is as follows. We assume a uniform payoff, $$b{t}_{i\ell }$$ for each tie, in addition to a cost, $${c}_{i}{t}_{i\ell }^{2}$$, to better represent real networks, such as alliance and trade networks34, where nodes do not all connect to each other. Similarly, there is a payoff for spillover ties to form, which we define as evi, to explain why they appear more often than chance19. Finally, to explain the significant clustering in real systems, seen in Fig. 1 and6, we provide a payoff for triangles in each layer, $$d{z}_{i\ell }$$. The utilities are additive, versus multiplicative, for simplicity. If all payoffs were multiplicative, for example, then the log of utility would trivially have the same form and the utility-maximizing decision in the current equation or in the multiplicative form would be the same.

After a time ts, some agents are shocked, meaning their tie cost either increases or decreases:

$${u}_{i}=\{\begin{array}{cc}{u}_{i,us} & t < {t}_{s}\\ {u}_{i,s} & t\ge {t}_{s},\end{array}$$

(2)

where

$${u}_{i,s}=e{v}_{i}+\sum _{\ell \in \mathrm{\{1},\mathrm{2\}}}\,(b{t}_{i\ell }-{c}_{i,s}{t}_{i\ell }^{2}+d{z}_{i\ell }).$$

(3)

In our simulations, ci = 0.2 (“low”) or 0.6 (“high”) and ci,s = 0.2 if the initial cost, ci,0 = 0.6 (“low-to-high” or LH shocks), otherwise ci,s = 0.6 if the initial cost, ci,0 = 0.2 (“high-to-low” or HL shocks), which is similar to previous work30. We chose these specific values of ci because they reflect threshold values for low and high cost. When ci = 0.2 agents have an incentive to form a large number of ties (for example with d = 0.3, e = 0.3 and ci = 0.2, the optimal degree of a node is 9 in one layer and zero in another, yielding a utility score of 3.6; for the same values of d and e, but with ci = 0.6, the optimal degree is 1 in one layer and zero in the other, yielding a utility of 0.4). Other values for ci should not affect our qualitative findings. Unlike previous research30, we study what happens when only a subset of nodes are shocked, which allows us to examine how shocked agents and unshocked agents interact with each other and how shocks spread outwards to previously unaffected agents. This reflects, for example, how some people who become parents may have less time to spend with friends. States that increase tariffs may raise the cost of trade for actual or would-be trading partners. A dramatic rise in oil prices may increase the costs of transportation, which may make certain contacts less attractive. By contrast, major technological innovations may reduce significantly the cost of forming ties. For example, social networking programs such as Twitter or Facebook may enable people to communicate online and therefore they need to spend less time in physical contact with friends, which may lead to more friendship ties.

In our paper, agents add ties, remove ties, or rewire (both add and remove a tie) in order to maximize their utility. This is in contrast to a previous paper in which agents did each step in order without determining which move was utility-maximizing30. Furthermore, we allow for agents to make several tie offers, or tie drops, at once, to simulate multilateral trade agreements, alliances, or social networks, where an agent may choose to make multiple ties at a given time. In some cases, networks can equilibrate when no agent finds it beneficial to change ties, or no new tie-offers are accepted. Importantly, we assume that tie-formation requires bilateral consent: both agents have to agree (for example, because both improve their utility) for a tie to form. However, ties can be dissolved unilaterally. If an agent believes that one or more current ties adversely affect its utility, it can drop them without the consent of its neighbors.

When tie costs increase, agents will see their utility drop, as the increased tie-costs make the existing ties excessively expensive and additional tie-formation becomes counterproductive. In such situations, rational agents must drop some of their ties to maximize their utility. If tie-costs suddenly drop, some agents are faced with new opportunities for tie-formation that did not exist before the shock. In that case, they may find it beneficial to add ties, as they might improve each agent’s utility.

We model agents’ behavior via the following algorithm:

1. 1.

Agent i is picked at random from a pool of N agents. In the main text, N = 40, but larger N, such as N = 100, produces quantitatively similar results (see Supplementary Figs S1, S2, S3 and S4).

2. 2.

With probability 1 − p, repeat N times:

1. (a)

i finds the utility of making ties with m ≤ N − 1 individuals at random.

2. (b)

Next, the utility of dropping each tie is found.

3. (c)

Finally, the utility of simultaneously adding and dropping a tie (“rewiring”) is found, following the same algorithm as adding a tie.

4. (d)

Agent i maximizes their utility by either doing nothing, offering a tie, dropping a tie, or rewiring.

5. (e)

With probability 1 − p, an agent who is offered a tie will accept it only if it increases their utility. Otherwise, with probability p an agent who is offered a tie will accept a tie regardless of its effect on a node’s utility at this timestep.

6. (f)

Time t → t + 1/N.

3. 3.

With probability p, do once: a random tie is created and another is dropped at random and time t → t + 1/N.

We choose N to represent the approximate number of agents in alliance and trade networks. We also assume that the utility of m agents are chosen at random, to make the fewest assumptions about how agents are chosen. In the Supplementary Text, we also create a “smart” method to choose agents for utility maximization in which agents attempt to assess the utility of their neighbors (to establish spillover ties) and the utility associated with the neighbors of their neighbors (to explore the value of closing triangles) rather than to assess the utility of ties to randomly selected agents but the results are qualitatively similar (see Supplementary Figures S1, S2, S3 and S4). After the network reaches approximate equilibrium (ts = 50 timesteps), a shock is applied to f ≤ N agents. For each “shocked” agent, tie-cost, ci, either increase or decrease, as mentioned above.

We assume that agents behave in a way that tends to create short-term gain, although more realistic models in the future may allow for agents to make decisions in which they anticipate the behavior of other agents. We observe the network at timestep 100 after creating a shock just after timestep 50. For the rest of the paper, agents check the utility of offering ties to m = 10 other nodes, but the number of nodes shocked, f, vary from N/3 to N, noise, p, varies from 0 to 0.75, while the triangle payoff, d and spillover payoff, e, vary from 0 to 2. We ignore p = 1.0, because the network will trivially evolve independent of the utility function and, because links rewiring at random would create an Erdös-Renyi-like network. In summary, we have 3 parameters in the utility function, the cost, ci, triangle payoff, d and spillover payoff, e, that we vary and two in the agent algorithm: the fraction of nodes that are shocked, f and the noise, p.

Smaldino et al. found that networks have emergent “memory” (or what they call “structural entrenchment”)30 when shocks are systemic and there is no noise (p = 0). In other words, when the payoffs associated with certain types of ties (e.g., closed triangles, spillover ties) are sufficiently high, “shocked” networks become very resilient; that is, they retain a structure that is not much different from “non-shocked” networks (or from the pre-shock networks).

We extend the previous study by focusing on several additional issues. First, we assess network resilience using a novel metric that determines the degree to which utility and several network topological metrics are preserved. Second, we assess the effect of indirect shocks. Specifically we study how shocks in the system affect non-shocked agents and how these effects differ from the manner in which shocked nodes react to changes in tie-costs. Third, we explore in greater detail how randomly rewiring links can affect network structure, which is modeled by p > 0.

### Network Resilience

We start by comparing the key network characteristics under different levels of shock and noise. In previous work, a resilience statistic was defined for LH system shocks30. In the current study, however, we use a novel metric for shocks to determine (a) the difference between shocks that involve an increase in tie-costs (and thus an expected decrease in connectivity) and shocks that involve a drop in tie-cost (and are expected to result in increased connectivity), (b) the effect of varying the number of nodes shocked and (c) the effect of shocks on several network statistics. The metrics can be written as:

$$\delta =1-\frac{N{S}_{0}-N{S}_{s}}{N{S}_{LL}}$$

(4)

$$\theta =\frac{N{S}_{s}-N{S}_{0}}{N{S}_{LL}}$$

(5)

where NS0 is the pre-shock value of given network statistic (defined below), NSs is the post-shock value of the same statistic and NSLL is the average value of the low-cost (LL) control condition at timestep 50. The resilience metric δ reflects the degree to which a given node (or the network as a whole) retains its properties following a LH shock, compared to its pre-shock properties and to the relevant control condition. By contrast the flexibility θ reflects the degree to which a network incentivized by a HL shock to change, approximates the network property that would have obtained had the network started forming with a low cost.

In this paper, we specifically focus on mean degree, mean clustering coefficient6 and mean utility at the last timestep. In addition, because our study reflects co-evolution of a two-layered multiplex network and because the utility function contains a spillover payoff, we create a new metric called mean fraction spillover. Fraction spillover for a given node is defined as:

$${S}_{i}=2\frac{\sum _{j}\,\prod _{\ell \in \mathrm{1,2}}{a}_{ij\ell }}{\sum _{j}\sum _{\ell \in \mathrm{1,2}}\,{a}_{ij\ell }}$$

(6)

where $$\ell$$ indexes the layers of the multiplex network and the adjacency matrix, $${a}_{ij\ell }$$, is assigned a value of 1 when an edge exists between nodes i and j in layer $$\ell$$ and zero otherwise. This statistic measures the fraction of a node’s total degree that overlap across both layers of the multiplex network. Because the utility function encourages spillover, this metric allows us to determine the degree to which spillover increase in the network versus the spillover payoff, e.

Figure 2 displays resilience (upper panel of each subfigure) and flexibility (lower panel of each subfigure) of various network statistics as a function of spillover payoffs, triangle payoffs and number of nodes shocked, with noise set to zero. Three important results emerge. First, as expected, resilience levels decline and flexibility scores increase with more shocked nodes. Second, degree, clustering and utility resilience appear to be more sensitive to triangle payoffs than to spillover payoffs. The same holds for degree and clustering flexibility. Interestingly, the resilience and flexibility of spillover ties is roughly as sensitive to triangle payoffs as it is to spillover payoffs. This suggests that even when agents are rewarded for forming spillover ties, they prefer forming them if such ties also tend to close triangles.

Overall, our results generalize the results of the previous study30 to varying the number of nodes shocked using a plausibly more realistic simulation of the dynamics. We find that sufficiently high incentives to form ties increase both resilience and flexibility and that this effect is sustained for partial as well as for systemic shocks.

### Noise

We now examine the effects of noise on network structure. Recall that the noise parameter, p, represents the fraction of decisions that are made randomly, as opposed to utility-maximizing. We can interpret this as agents exploring the utility landscape and changing the network in order to find network structures that increase utility most. We varied p from 0.0 (all decisions are utility-maximizing) to 0.75 (three-quarters of all moves are rewiring links at random).

Figure 3 displays the effect of noise on utility and demonstrates that, regardless of the type of shock, utility often increases with noise. Moreover, the increase in utility seems to be insensitive to spillover and it has a threshold value of d ≈ 1 for triangle payoff, which is similar to the threshold predicted in30. This results seems to defy intuition. Agents are simulated to make optimal, utility-maximizing decisions. Tie-formation, tie-maintenance, tie-dropping, or rewiring should, at first sight, yield the highest level of utility when noise level is zero, when no agent attempts to reduce their utility. What we observe is just the opposite of this expectation: the higher the fraction of random tie-making, rewiring, or tie-dropping decisions, the higher the utility of individual agents as well as the overall network utility (what Jackson and Wolinsky22, call “efficiency”). However, there is a perfectly reasonable, if somewhat counterintuitive, explanation of this result. In our model, agents are simulated to make myopic decisions. Specifically, each agent selects the “best” (utility-maximizing) tie-formation, tie-dropping, or rewiring alternative in terms of the immediate utility it gets following its own move. An agent will avoid a move that causes it to lose utility at that particular time-point, even though this move may cause it to increase its utility later due to choices of other agents.

Consider a typical scenario represented by Fig. 4. In this figure we assume a high tie-cost. In Fig. 4a, agents i and j are connected. For each of them, when there is no noise and they optimize their utility at the next time-point, adding a tie with k (or accepting a tie-offer from k), yields negative utility. Hence the network in Fig. 4a equilibrates at that particular time-point. Agents i and j do not have an incentive to form a tie with k when it is their turn to move. Agent k has an incentive to form a tie with either of the other agents, but its tie-offers will be rejected by the latter agents. However, when there is some level of noise, k would (rationally) offer a tie to either i or j and either agent might accept (which lowers their utility in the short term). In the next step, if triangle payoff is sufficiently high, the third node has now a rational incentive to close the triangle, as shown in Fig. 4b. Consequently, the network equilibrates in that state. All nodes increase their utilities at the Pareto-optimal equilibrium. Hence, networks tend to equilibrate at Pareto-inferior states under low noise, while the same networks tend to become denser as noise increases and the equilibrium reflects a higher clustering, as shown by the threshold effect of triangle payoffs on utility. Surprisingly, this is similar in spirit to simulated annealing in physics35.

In traditional simulated annealing, simulated atoms can either change their state to minimize energy, or with a particular probability, they can change their state at random, which may locally increase energy (when the temperature, the parameter that controls the amount of “noise” in the system, is non-zero). What is non-trivial is that a non-zero temperature allows the system to explore the energy landscape so that it does not get caught in what is known as local minima. Eventually, it can reach either a deep local minimum or a global energy minimum and the state is in a much lower energy than if the temperature was zero (in which atoms changed state such that their energy strictly decreases or stays the same). Similarly, agents in our model are allowed to either increase their utility or rewire at random (therefore making choices that are locally not utility-maximizing). Agents eventually self-organize to create network structures with far higher mean utilities than the noiseless (strictly utility-maximizing) algorithm.

Figure 5 shows a typical scenario of the way in which noise affects connectivity and clustering. In this figure, a typical network that forms with a set of fixed parameter values becomes increasingly connected and clustered as noise increases. The implication is that, in cooperative interactions, myopically rational agents can sometimes benefit from links randomly rewiring to simulate agents exploring their utility landscape. This result has potential implications for a wide array of cooperative networks in the real world. Interestingly, we also find that agents take longer to equilibrate with the addition of noise. For example, while no noise produces fast convergence to equilibrium, high noise when tie costs are high and low noise when the tie costs are low, produces the largest increases in utility between timestep 50 and timestep 100 (see Supplementary Table S1). The reason for this counter-intuitive finding requires further study.

### Determinants of Network Statistics

In this section, we discuss the marginal determinants of network structure at the nodal level. We ran a number of mixed effect ordinary least squared (OLS) regressions on node degree, local clustering coefficient, fraction spillover and utility, as seen in Fig. 6. To reduce the effect of outliers, we normalize utility by its cumulative distribution function: unorm = P(u ≤ ui), where P(u) is the probability of a given value of u across all conditions and all timesteps. A normalized utility of 0.5 is therefore the median utility value across all conditions. For each node, i and each node statistic, NSs,i, the model is defined as:

$$N{S}_{s,i}=a+{b}_{1}N{S}_{0,i}+{b}_{2}({s}_{i}\times p)+{b}_{3}p+{b}_{4}({f}_{n,i})+{b}_{5}{s}_{i}+{b}_{6}e+{b}_{7}d+{\varepsilon }_{i}$$

(7)

where a is a constant, bj are coefficients, NS0,i is the pre-shock node statistic, si is the shock indicator function, p is noise, e is the spillover payoff, d is the triangle payoff and εi is the error term (not to be confused with noise, which is a model parameter). Finally, fn,i is the fraction of neighbors shocked:

$${f}_{n,i}=\frac{\sum _{\ell ,j\ne i}\,{a}_{ij\ell }{s}_{j}}{\sum _{\ell ,j\ne i}\,{a}_{ij\ell }},$$

(8)

where $${a}_{ij\ell }$$ is the adjacency matrix for each layer just before a shock and sj is the shock indicator function. Notably, degree heterogeneity, seen, for example in Fig. 5, is a natural property of our model and is seen in real networks as well5. Quantitative similarities and differences between the model’s degree heterogeneity and real data will be explored in future work.

First, we find that the pre-shock values of a given network statistic have a strong impact on the post-shock values of that statistic, regardless of the shock type. Nodes that had high degree, high clustering, or high utility in the pre-shock equilibrium tend to maintain high levels of these attributes. This is the case whether the shock is of the LH type, thereby forcing nodes to drop some ties, or whether it is of the HL types, incentivizing them to add ties.

Second, both triangle and spillover payoffs have a consistent effect on network attributes, regardless of the shock type. However, while the effect of triangle payoffs on post-shock network statistics is robust across shock types and across network statistics, the effects of spillover payoffs is less robust and, judging by the beta coefficients, generally weaker than the effect of triangle payoffs.

The reason for that is because a single tie may close multiple triangles. A node with degree $${t}_{i\ell }$$ in layer $$\ell$$ may have up to $${z}_{i}(max)={t}_{i\ell }({t}_{i\ell }-\mathrm{1)}/2$$ triangles in a given layer. Across both layers, this may result in a payoff of $$d\,{\sum }_{\ell }\,({t}_{i\ell }({t}_{i\ell }-\mathrm{1)/2})$$. However, the same degrees across layers, even if all of them are spillover ties, can result only in a payoff of $$e({\sum }_{\ell }{t}_{i\ell }/2)$$. This was also reflected in the stronger effect of triangle payoffs on resilience in Fig. 6 above.

Whether a node has been shocked has a significant effect on its post-shock network statistics. As expected, shocked nodes in the LH condition tend to lose degree, clustering, spillover and utility. Similarly, shocked nodes in the HL condition tend to gain degree, clustering, spillover and utility. Our work differs from a previous study30 by focusing on partial shocks in order to evaluate how nodes are affected by shocks of neighboring nodes. We used the fraction of a node’s neighbors that were shocked as an indicator of such effects. We find that the higher the fraction of a node’s neighbors that were shocked, the lower the node’s degree, clustering, spillover and utility under the LH condition and, with the exception of the spillover case, the higher the value of the node’s post-shock network statistic under the HL condition.

Noise has inconsistent effects on network statistics. Controlling for other covariates, noise increases nodal degree and nodal utility, but it reduces nodal clustering and spillover under the LH condition. Under the HL condition, noise increases nodal degree, clustering and utility, but reduces spillover. This corresponds to the surprising effects of noise discussed above. Notably, however, pre-shock statistics are higher with noise, therefore controlling for the pre-shock statistic, the additional effect of noise is much smaller.

In order to better understand these results, we show in Fig. 7 how the networks statistics vary with noise for shocked and unshocked nodes. We discuss first the effect of noise on nodal statistics under the LH condition. Noise has a negative impact on the degree and utility of shocked nodes but it has a positive impact on the degree and utility of unshocked nodes. Noise also has a negative effect on the clustering and on the spillover rate of shocked and unshocked nodes, but the effect of noise on shocked nodes is substantially negative, whereas the marginal effect of noise on the clustering or spillover rates of unshocked nodes is negligible or insignificant. Under the HL condition, noise increases the degree and utility of both shocked and unshocked nodes, but the slope for shocked nodes is significantly steeper (degree) or marginally steeper (utility). By contrast, shocked nodes lose some clustering, whereas unshocked gain clustering. In the case of spillover, shocked nodes increase their fraction of spillover ties, whereas unshocked nodes reduce their spillover ties.

It is instructive to understand why we observe these seemingly puzzling interaction effects. In both the LH and the HL shocks, the effect of noise on shocked nodes is straightforward. Shocked nodes are forced to drop ties in the LH condition, or they are incentivized to increase connectivity in the HL condition. So when noise is higher, their reduced (LH) or increased (HL) connectivity is due both to their rational choices and to their own random moves and their neighbors’ random moves. Consider the following scenario in a LH shock. Two unshocked nodes that did not have a tie before the shock may now have an incentive to form a tie given that some of their previous neighbors who were shocked dropped them. Their options are: (a) continue not to have a tie in the post-shock period, (b) form a tie in a single layer, or (2) form two ties, one in each layer. When p = 0 (the agents behave without noise), 90% of the cases where two unshocked nodes did not have a tie in the pre-shock equilibrium remain in that state at the post-shock equilibrium. However, this percentage drops to 61%, 42% and 26% with p = 0.25, 0.50, 0.75, respectively. Likewise, the proportion of nodes that had no closed triangle fell from 90% with p = 0 to 63%, 44% and 27% with p = 0.25, 0.50, 0.75, respectively. This explains why we see this pattern of interaction effects of shocked/unshocked nodes and noise. In the HL condition, unshocked nodes benefit from the shocked nodes’ incentive to increase connectivity. However, this tends to have strong effect on clustering but not on spillover. Unshocked nodes tend to concentrate their clustering in the layer where they had greater degree in the pre-shock period, thus reducing their spillover as a function of noise.

### Discussion

The model presented in this paper offers a stylized characterization of social network formation, network co-evolution and network reorganization following shocks. These results may offer some insights into real-world social networks that are affected by shocks. Changes in life- or family-conditions (children born, divorces, moves to different locations), may have profound effects on friendship groups. However, the pre-change structure of some groups may make them more resilient to such changes than others. In international economic settings, significant changes in import-restrictions may affect both those countries that institute such changes, their neighbors and their non-neighbors. In international political processes, states adding or dropping other states as allies may affect not only the countries that are directly involved, but also third parties that are not part of the diplomatic exchange. Moreover, since many social, political and economic networks are co-dependent, some of our results may add insight to the manner in which such dependencies are affected by various shocks. Our simulations suggest some interesting, as well as some counterintuitive results. Specifically,

1. 1.

Network resilience, the degree to which a network retains its properties following negative shocks, increases as the incentives to close triangles and to form spillover ties increase. Likewise, network flexibility, the degree to which a network matches an unshocked network, increases as a function of both clustering and spillover incentives. We also find that network resilience and flexibility are more responsive to clustering incentives than to spillover incentives. This is due to the fact that a single tie can close multiple triangles, but a single tie can only add one spillover unit.

2. 2.

Noise tends to increase network connectivity, clustering, spillover and utility for large enough values of d and e. We argue that the explanation of this counterintuitive result is the fact that “random” decisions, that is, decisions that do not maximize a node’s immediate utility, enable other nodes to create structures that benefit not only themselves, but also help those nodes who had seemingly “erred”. In other words, networks that evolve due to myopically rational decisions are benefitted by agents changing network structure to explore the utility landscape, which is analogous to simulated annealing in physics35. Our model is a minimal model of the real world, in which actors can be either non-myopically rational or they can explore the utility landscape, which ends up benefitting both themselves and others36. Brams analyzes the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962 between the United States and the Soviet Union as a game of “chicken”. He argues that both the United States and the Soviet Union avoided a nuclear collision by acting non-myopically. Both counties were willing to absorb a short-term cost in order to prevent a nuclear confrontation, thus resolving it in a compromise that had long-lasting stabilizing effects on the Cold War.

3. 3.

Our analysis of the determinants of network structure at the nodal level shows (a) d increases nodal statistics, while e has little effect, aside from increasing the fraction spillover, (b) LH shocks reduce nodal statistics, while HL shocked increase these statistics, (c) increasing the fraction of neighbors shocked affect nodes in ways qualitatively similar to if they are shocked, therefore shocks appear to spread to unshocked nodes, (d) noise increases clustering and utility, but reduces degree with LH shocks and increases degree with HL shocks and reduces spillover, (e) noise levels have different effects on shocked and unshocked nodes in the LH condition, with shocked nodes losing degree, clustering, spillover and utility as a function of noise, whereas unshocked nodes tend to increase degree and utility as noise increases, (f) in HL shocks, shocked and unshocked nodes tend to increase degree.

Under a utility-maximizing assumption, our model appears to be a reasonable minimal model of cooperation in a wide variety of contexts. Agents involved in multiple forms of social interactions tend to form spillover ties and closed triangles in order to maximize their utility. Our model provides some interesting and potentially important, insights into the interaction of rational–myopic and non-myopic–processes of network formation and co-evolution. It suggests conditions that affect network resilience to shocks. And it offers ideas about how noise affects network structure both under “normal” conditions wherein networks evolve naturally and following abrupt and significant changes in tie-costs. Quantitative comparisons between this model and empirical data is left for future research.

### Data Availability

All code used for simulations and basic data analyses are available on GitHub, https://github.com/KeithBurghardt/MultiplexShockCode.

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### Acknowledgements

We thank our colleagues on the SPINS project at UC Davis and the Naval Postgraduate School. The research reported here was funded in whole by award #W911NF-15-1-0502 from the Department of Defense and U.S. Army Research Office/Army Research Laboratory under the Minerva Research Initiative. The views expressed are those of the authors and should not be attributed to the Department of Defense or the Army Research Office/Army Research Laboratory.

### Affiliations

1. Information Sciences Institute, University of Southern California, Marina del Rey, California, 90292, USA

Keith Burghardt

2. Department of Political Science, University of California, Davis, Davis, California, 95616, USA

Zeev Maoz

### Contributions

K.B. contributed to simulations, analysis, manuscript writing and presentation. Z.M. contributed to the design of the study, independent analysis, manuscript writing and presentation.

### Corresponding author

Correspondence to Keith Burghardt.

### Competing Interests

The authors declare no competing interests.

Publisher's note: Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

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Burghardt, K., Maoz, Z. Partial Shocks on Cooperative Multiplex Networks with Varying Degrees of Noise. Sci Rep8, 13619 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-31960-y

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### Keywords

• Multiplex Networks
• Partial Shocks
• Utility Landscape
• Utility-maximizing Decision
• Formal Ties

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